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Dynamics Lecture7 [Compatibility Mode] 2

# Dynamics Lecture7 [Compatibility Mode] 2

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04/24/2011

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Plane Motion of Rigid Bodies:Forces and Accelerations

Introduction
In this chapter and in Chapters 17 and 18, we will beconcerned with the
kinetics
of rigid bodies, i.e., relationsbetween the forces acting on a rigid body, the shape and massof the body, and the motion produced.Results of this chapter will be restricted to:-plane motion of rigid bodies, and-rigid bodies consisting of plane slabs or bodies whichOur approach will be to consider rigid bodies as made of largenumbers of particles and to use the results discussed previouslyfor the motion of systems of particles. Specifically,
GG
M am
==
and
are symmetrical with respect to the reference plane.D’Alemberts principle is applied to prove that the externalforces acting on a rigid body are equivalent a vectorattached to the mass center and a couple of moment
am
.
α
I

Equations of Motion for a Rigid Body
Consider a rigid body acted uponby several external forces.For the motion of the mass center
G
of the body with respect to theAssume that the body is made of a large number of particles.,
am
=
For the motion of the body withrespect to the centroidal frame
Gx’y’z’
,
GG
M
=
System of external forces isequipollent to the systemconsisting of
.and
G
H am