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Dynamics 1

Dynamics 1

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Published by: kb_scribd on Apr 24, 2011
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06/02/2013

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ME101: Engineering Mechanics
Dynamics: Lecture 1
28
th
February 2011
Distributed Forces: Moments of Inertia
 
Introduction
Previously considered distributed forces which were proportional to thearea or volume over which they act.-The resultant was obtained by summing or integrating over theareas or volumes.-The moment of the resultant about any axis was determined bycomputing the first moments of the areas or volumes about thataxis.Will now consider forces which are proportional to the area or volumeover which they act but also vary linearly with distance from a given axis.-It will be shown that the magnitude of the resultant depends on thefirst moment of the force distribution with respect to the axis.-The point of application of the resultant depends on the secondmoment of the distribution with respect to the axis.Current chapter will present methods for computing the moments andproducts of inertia for areas and masses.
 
Moment of Inertia of an Area
Consider distributed forceswhose magnitudes areproportional to the elemental areason which theyact and also vary linearly with the distance of from a given axis.
 A
 A
Example: Consider a beam subjected to pure bending.Internal forces vary linearly with distance from theneutral axis which passes through the section centroid.
=
Aky
momentsecondmomentfirst0
22
======
∫ ∫ ∫ ∫ 
dA ydA y M  QdA ydA y R
 x
∫ ∫ 
====
dA y M dA y R A y A p
 x
2
γ γ 

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