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Russian Space Sources

Russian Space Sources

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Published by weswortman

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: weswortman on Apr 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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http://www.russianspaceweb.com/spacecraft.html This website lists the historical and military aspects of the Russian space agency. Specifically it listsintelligence gathering.http://www.nasm.si.edu/exhibitions/gal114/ This gallery tells about that U.S.-Soviet space rivalry and its aftermath, from the military origins of theSpace Race, through the race to the Moon and the development of reconnaissance satellites, tocooperative ventures between the two former rivals and efforts to maintain a human presence in space.Some of the many highlights include a German V-1 "buzz bomb" and V 2 missile, Soviet and U.S.spacecraft and space suits, a Skylab Orbital Workshop, and a full-size test version of the Hubble SpaceTelescope.http://history.nasa.gov/sputnik/ History changed on October 4, 1957, when the Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I. Theworld's first artificial satellite was about the size of a beach ball (58 cm.or 22.8 inches in diameter),weighed only 83.6 kg. or 183.9 pounds, and took about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth on its ellipticalpath. That launch ushered in new political, military, technological, and scientific developments. Whilethe Sputnik launch was a single event, it marked the start of the space age and the U.S.-U.S.S.R spacerace.
³Chronology of Sputnik/Vanguard/Explorer Events 1957-58
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October 4, 1957 USSR: Sputnik 1 (83.6 kg) launched
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 N
ovember 3 USSR: Sputnik 2 (508.3 kg), with dog Laika as passenger, launched
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D
ecember 6 USA: Vanguard TV-3 explodes on launch pad
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J
anuary 31, 1958 USA: Explorer 1 (14 kg), America's first satellite, discovers the VanAllen radiation belts
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F
ebruary 3 USSR:
F
irst try to launch Sputnik 3 fails
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F
ebruary 5 USA: A second Vanguard try fails
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M
arch 5 USA: Explorer 2 fails to orbit
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M
arch 17 USA: Vanguard 1 (1.47 kg) successfully orbits, establishes the pear-shapedness of the Earth
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M
arch 26 USA: Explorer 3 orbits, collects radiation and micrometeoroid data
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April 28 USA: Another Vanguard fails to orbit (third failure)
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M
ay 15 USSR: Sputnik 3 (1,327 kg) orbits, carrying large array of scientific instruments, but tape recorder fails, so it can't map Van Allen belts
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M
ay 27 USA Vanguard fails for the fourth time
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J
une 26 USA Vanguard fails for fifth time
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J
uly 26 USA Explorer 4 orbits and maps Van Allen radiation belts for 2 1/2 months
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August 24 USA Explorer 5 fails to orbit

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