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nr310202-electrical-measurements

nr310202-electrical-measurements

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Published by: SRINIVASA RAO GANTA on Sep 01, 2008
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Code No: NR310202
NR
III B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, November 2006
ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\ue000 \ue000 \ue000 \ue000 \ue000
1. (a) What is the principle of working of a repulsion type moving iron instrument?
(b) Explain with the neat sketch the working of such an instrument.
(c) Discuss the various errors in moving iron instruments and suggest methods to
compensate these errors.
[4+6+6]
2. (a) In case of an unbalanced load ,prove that the sum of readings of two wattmeter\u2019s
is equal to the power consumed by 3 phase star connected load.

(b) The readings of two wattmeters employed to measure power in a 3-phase , 3wire balanced load system are : w1= 2000w and w2=4000w.Find the power factor of the system.

[10+6]
3. (a) Describe with a diagram the construction and working of a ROTATING COIL
TYPE SINGLE PHASE power factor meter ?

(b) What is the need for the use of a Synchroscope in power station.? Explain with a diagram the construction and working of a Moving iron type synchroscope ?

[8+8]
4. (a) With a neat sketch explain the measurement of resistance using a potentiome-
ter.

(b) A potentiometer that is accurate to + or -0.0001 volts (standard deviation) is used to measure current through a standard resistance of 0.1+ or -0.1 ohm% (standard deviation). The voltage across the resistance is measured to be 0.2514 volts. What is the current and to what accuracy it has been deter- mined?

[8+8]
5. (a) Explain the operation of any one type of AC potentiometer.
(b) Explain clearly how such a potentiometer can be employed for measurement
of unknown inductance and unknown capacitance.
[8+8]
6. (a) What are the di\ufb00erent problems associated with measurement of low resis-
tances. Explain.
(b) How these problems are eliminated by using Kelvins double bridge. Explain
[8+8]

7. Describe Heaviside bridge used for measurement of mutual inductance. What is Campbells modi\ufb01cation for this bridge. Explain clearly with the help of circuit diagram.

[16]
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