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rr311902-embedded-systems-design

rr311902-embedded-systems-design

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Published by: SRINIVASA RAO GANTA on Sep 01, 2008
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Code No: RR311902
Set No. 1
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006
EMBEDDED SYSTEMS DESIGN
(Electronics & Computer Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6

1. Explain the general features of microprocessors and microcontrollers by giving one example for each. Discuss why micro controllers are preferred for embedded sys- tems.

[16]
2. Explain the terms: \u2018power supply decopling\u2019, \u2018open-collector output\u2019, \u2018Tristate out-
put\u2019, \u2018fan-out\u2019 for TTL logic gates.
[4+4+4+4]
3. Explain the following terms in the context of an embedded application.

(a) Interrupt priority
(b) Interrupt masking
(c) Context switching
(d) Priority inversion

[4+4+4+4]

4. Give justi\ufb01cations for using a multitasking RTOS for embedded systems. Explain the di\ufb00erent states of a task in the system with the help of a state transition diagram.

[8+8]
5. What is an \u2018heart beat timer\u2019 ? Explain why is it required in RTOS.
[8+8]
6. Discuss the special issues involved in speci\ufb01cation, design and testing stages of an
embedded system development.
[16]
7. Explain the di\ufb00erences between an \u2018Host Computer System\u2019 and a \u2018Target System\u2019
in terms of their hardware and software.
[8+8]
8. Explain the important features of the following operating systems that are relevant
to embedded applications.
(a) RT Linux
(b) Windows XP
(c) Win CE
(d)Vx works
[4+4+4+4]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1 of 1
Code No: RR311902
Set No. 2
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006
EMBEDDED SYSTEMS DESIGN
(Electronics & Computer Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. Discuss various steps involved in the development of an embedded system with an
example.
[16]
2. Write Truth Table for the following types of gates and give one example for each
type of gate where it can be used.

(a) 3-Input NAND gate
(b) 2-Input XOR gate
(c) 2-Input NOR gate

(d) NOT gate
[4+4+4+4]
3. Explain the following
(a) Nested interrupts

(b) Polling
(c) Context switching
(d) Interrupt masking

[4+4+4+4]
4. Discuss the important features of various software architectures adopted for em-
bedded systems.
[16]
5. What are the rules to be followed by the interrupt routines in RTOS? Why? [8+8]
6. Write short notes on the following
(a) Hard real-time systems
(b) Soft real-time systems
(c) Time-slicing
(d) Encapsulation
[4+4+4+4]
7. Explain the di\ufb00erences between an \u2018Host Computer System\u2019 and a \u2018Target System\u2019
in terms of their hardware and software.
[8+8]
8. Explain the functional blocks and the speci\ufb01cation of the software of a GPS system.
[16]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1 of 1
Code No: RR311902
Set No. 3
III B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2006
EMBEDDED SYSTEMS DESIGN
(Electronics & Computer Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6

1. What are embedded systems? De\ufb01ne hard-real time and soft-real time embedded systems. Give any two examples for each of these two categories and justify why they are hard/soft real time embedded systems.

[2+6+4+4]
2. Explain the terms: \u2018power supply decopling\u2019, \u2018open-collector output\u2019, \u2018Tristate out-
put\u2019, \u2018fan-out\u2019 for TTL logic gates.
[4+4+4+4]
3. Explain the sequence of operations that take place in the CPU starting from when
it receives an external interrupt till it completes the interrupt sub-routine. [16]
4. Explain the functions of a scheduler in an RTOS and how does the scheduler car-
ryout those functions.
[8+8]
5. Why do we need timer functions in RTOS? Brie\ufb02y discuss how they are provided.
[8+8]
6. Write short notes on the following
(a) Hard real-time systems
(b) Soft real-time systems
(c) Time-slicing
(d) Encapsulation
[4+4+4+4]
7. Explain the following software development tools
(a) A Cross-Compiler
(b) A Cross-Assembler
(c) A Linker
(d) A loader/locator
[4+4+4+4]

8. Why serial communication facility is required in embedded systems? What are the communication parameters and explain the steps involved in typical serial data transmit and receive programs with the help of \ufb02ow charts.

[8+8]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1 of 1

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