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III. Reproduksi Tanaman

III. Reproduksi Tanaman

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Published by: skylight_cyber on Apr 25, 2011
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07/16/2013

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III. REPRODUKSI TANAMAN
‡
ALAMI (SPONTAN) BUATAN (CAMPUR TANGAN MANUSIA)
‡
ReproduksiSeksualReproduksiAseksual
‡
(Amphimiksis) (Apomiksis)
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AgamospermyVegetati
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Non recurrent recurrentOrgan tanamanBiji
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(rhizom, bulb) (vivipari)
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AposporyAdvensiousembriony
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(Agamogoni, asaldari(asaldarijaringansporophyt)
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kantunglembaga)
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Somatic aposporyGonialapospory
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(diploid apospory)
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Diploid partenogenesisDiploid apogamety
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(asaldariseltelur) (asaldariselkantungembrio)
 
III. SISTEM PERKEMBANGBIAKAN TANAMAN
1. SEKSUAL(GENERATIF):PERKEMBANGBIAKAN MENGGUNAKAN BIJIYANG BERISI EMBRIO DARI PENYATUANGAMET1.SPESIES TANAMAN PENYERBUKSENDIRI: PENYATUAN SEL TELUR DANSPERMA YANG BERASAL DARISATUBUNGA/TANAMAN. CIRI KHAS:KETURUNAN HOMOZIGOT2. ASEKSUAL(VEGETATIF):PERKEMBANGBIAKANMENGGUNAKAN BAGIAN VEGETATIF.2.SPESIES TANAMAN PENYERBUKSILANG: PENYERBUKAN YANGTERJADI OLEH PENYATUAN SELSPERMA DAN SEL TELUR DARITANAMAN BERBEDA.PentingnyaPengetahuanPerkembangbiakantanaman:1. Menentukanprosedurpemuliaanyang akandigunakan.2. Sebagaidasarpengertiandarimekanismesifat-sifattanaman.
 
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Karaktersederhana: dikendalikanoleh1,2 gendominan/resesif: warnabunga, ketahananterhadappenyakit
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Karakterkompleks: dikendalikanolehbanyakgen:
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Contoh: tinggitanaman, panjangtongkol, dayahasil(produksi? Ton/ha).Gen-gen yang mempengaruhiterdapatdalamsatukromosom/ lain kromosom.

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