PERFORMANCE COMPARISON OF MULTIHOP WIRELESSMOBILE AH-HOC ROUTING PROTOCOLS
, Dr. R. R. Mudholkar
Dr. S. R. Sawant
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Bellari Institute of Technology and ManagementBellary-583104,Karnataka,India.email@example.com
Department of Information Science and Engineering, Bellari Institute of Technology and Managementbellary-583104,Karnataka,India.firstname.lastname@example.org.
Department of Electronics Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416004,Maharasra ,India.email@example.com
Department of Electronics, Shivaji University, Kolhapur-416004,Maharasra ,Indiasrms_eln@unishivaji.ac.in
As of date, wireless communication is one of the most demanding areas of researchwithin networking, with many proposed, but unverified protocols. The success of the proposed protocols depends on the availability of robust implementations thatenable both real-time test beds and non-real time simulations. Wireless ad-hocnetwork is a collection of mobile nodes forming a temporary network without theaid of any centralized administration or standard support services regularly availableon conventional networks. Routing in wireless ad-hoc networks is nontrivial due tohighly dynamic environment. In recent years several routing protocols targeted atmobile ad-hoc networks are being proposed and prominent among them are DSDV,AODV and DSR. The performance comparison of these protocols considering allthe characteristics that should be possessed by routing protocols is the fundamentalstep towards the invention of new routing protocol. This paper does the detailedcomprehensive analysis of routing protocols using ns2 simulator. All protocols areprovided with identical traffic load and mobility patterns. Results indicate that theperformance of DSR is the best among all routing protocols.
AODV, DSR, DSDV, Ad-hoc network, Random way point model.
Wireless networking is an emerging technologythat allows users to access information and serviceselectronically, regardless of their geographicposition. Wireless networks can be infrastructurenetworks  orinfrastructureless (Ad-hoc) networks.An Ad-hoc network is a collection of mobilenodes which forms a temporary network without theaid of centralized administration or standard supportdevices regularly available in conventional networks.These nodes generally have a limited transmissionrange and, so, each node seeks the assistance of itsneighboring nodes in forwarding packets and hencethe nodes in an ad-hoc network can act as bothrouters and hosts, thus a node may forward packetsbetween other nodes as well as run user applications.By nature these types of networks are suitablefor situations where either no fixed infrastructureexists or deploying network is not possible. Ad-hocmobile networks have found many applications invarious fields like military, emergency, conferencingand sensor networks. Each of these application areashas their specific requirements for routing protocols.Since the network nodes are mobile, an Ad-hocnetwork will typically have a dynamic topologywhich will have profound effects on network characteristics. Network nodes will often be batterypowered, which limits the capacity of CPU, memory,and bandwidth. This will require network functionsthat are resource effective. Furthermore, the wireless(radio) media will also affect the behavior of thenetwork due to fluctuating link bandwidths resultingfrom relatively high error rates. These uniquefeatures pose several new challenges in the design of wireless, ad-hoc networking protocols. Network functions such as routing, address allocation,authentication, and authorization must be designed tocope with a dynamic and volatile network topology.In order to establish routes between nodes whichare farther than a single hop, specially configuredrouting protocols are engaged. The unique feature of these protocols is their ability to trace routes in spiteof a dynamic topology. Routing Protocols in Ad-hoc
Special Issue on Ubiquitous Computing Security SystemsUbiCC Journal – Volume 4 696