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John Devoy

John Devoy

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Published by Martin Pea Meany
A short biography of the Greatest Fenian, John Devoy
A short biography of the Greatest Fenian, John Devoy

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Martin Pea Meany on Apr 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Meany Page 1
Name: Martin MeanyNumber: 0885223Course: English and HistoryModule: HI4102 Ireland: Revolution and Independence, 1898-1968Lecturer: Gavin Wilk & Paul HayesDate: 2 March 2011 11.00amTitle: John Devoy: Biography of the Greatest FenianWord Count: 313 (Main Body)413 (Total)
Meany Page 2
John Devoy, born 3 September 1842, was a Fenian and would later join the IRBand Clan na Gael. After arrest for treason, he exiled to America in 1871. InAmerica he concentrated on rescuing Fenian prisoners from Australia and raisingfunds for Clan na Gael through the American Land League. He would laterpromote Sinn Féin through the Friends of Irish Freedom. He came into conflictwith De Valera, and upon learning he supported the Anglo-Irish Treaty, he and hisallies supported the treaty. Devoy returned to Ireland in July 1924. He died inAmerica on 29 September 1928 but was buried in Ireland
.Devoy was a devout nationalistand for the Nationalist movement, hisimportance was apparent through others descriptions of him
. Upon his visit toIreland in 1924, de Valera invited him to be guest of the state, even though theyhad been in conflict for many years
.He was regarded by many to be the greatestof the Fenians, taking attributes from many and adding his own qualities
. Devoywas a man who believed the Irish Republic should be formed at any cost, and waseven linked with an assassination circle, who operated outside the sanction of theIRB
Patrick Maume, "Devoy, John". Dictionary of Irish Biography.(Eds.)James Mcguire, James Quinn. Cambridge, United Kingdom:Cambridge UniversityPress, 2009.<http://dib.cambridge.org/viewReadPage.do?articleId=a2562>
Curran, S.
Available: http://www.devoynaas.com/politics. Last accessed 24th Feb2011.
Dáil Éireann. (1924).
Dáil Debates.
Available: http://www.oireachtas-debates.gov.ie/D/0008/D.0008.192407240017.html. Last accessed 24th Feb 2011.
Terry Golway,
Irish Rebel: John Devoy and America's Fight for Ireland's Freedom,
St.Martin's Griffin, (New York, 1998), p. 319
Maume, P. "Devoy, John".
Meany Page 3
Devoy embodied what many of the people of Ireland felt at the time, theirfrustration at British rule and a desire to do anything necessary to become aRepublic. Whether it be violence or politics, Devoy would have supported it togain Irelands wishes. He was undoubtedly a primary cog in the driving forcebehind the Nationalist movement, however his priorities have to be scrutinisedunder his wavering opinion on the Treaty of 1921. His opinion, and that of hisfollowers, changed to oppose de Valera due to his dislike of the man. However wemust ask, could the nationalist movement of survived without a man the statureof John Devoy?

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