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John Devoy, born 3 September 1842, was a Fenian and would later join the IRBand Clan na Gael. After arrest for treason, he exiled to America in 1871. InAmerica he concentrated on rescuing Fenian prisoners from Australia and raisingfunds for Clan na Gael through the American Land League. He would laterpromote Sinn Féin through the Friends of Irish Freedom. He came into conflictwith De Valera, and upon learning he supported the Anglo-Irish Treaty, he and hisallies supported the treaty. Devoy returned to Ireland in July 1924. He died inAmerica on 29 September 1928 but was buried in Ireland
.Devoy was a devout nationalistand for the Nationalist movement, hisimportance was apparent through others descriptions of him
. Upon his visit toIreland in 1924, de Valera invited him to be guest of the state, even though theyhad been in conflict for many years
.He was regarded by many to be the greatestof the Fenians, taking attributes from many and adding his own qualities
. Devoywas a man who believed the Irish Republic should be formed at any cost, and waseven linked with an assassination circle, who operated outside the sanction of theIRB
Patrick Maume, "Devoy, John". Dictionary of Irish Biography.(Eds.)James Mcguire, James Quinn. Cambridge, United Kingdom:Cambridge UniversityPress, 2009.<http://dib.cambridge.org/viewReadPage.do?articleId=a2562>
Available: http://www.devoynaas.com/politics. Last accessed 24th Feb2011.
Dáil Éireann. (1924).
Available: http://www.oireachtas-debates.gov.ie/D/0008/D.0008.192407240017.html. Last accessed 24th Feb 2011.
Irish Rebel: John Devoy and America's Fight for Ireland's Freedom,
St.Martin's Griffin, (New York, 1998), p. 319
Maume, P. "Devoy, John".