Chronologically the birth of Leather in India dates back to 3,000 years B.C. The innate strengths,innovative technology and marketing strategies have converted the comparative advantage of Indiainto a commercial success making the country a cynosure of Leather and Tanning in the GlobalLeather Map.
1.1 The Industry- Economic Significance
The Euro 5.25 Billon
Indian Leather Industry – 6
largest in the World
, is one of the majorestablished manufacturing industries in the modern as well as traditional sector. It is an indigenousindustry in which the country is well endowed with an affluence of raw materials, skilled manpower,innovative technology, increasing industry compliance to international environment standards and thededicated support of the allied industries. The industry has undergone a structural change during thelast three decades, from merely an exporter of raw material in the sixties to that of value addedproducts occupying a place of prominence in the Indian economy in terms of foreign trade, employmentgeneration and growth and is among the top ten foreign exchange earners for the country, graduallyparading towards the magic figure of Euro 5.27 Billion
of exports by 2013-14.
1.2 Industry – Structure
Leather product / leather industry in India is spread over organized as well as unorganized sectordominated by the presence of family units. The small scale, cottage and artisan sectors account forover 90% of the total production.
Table 1- Sectoral Classification of the Production Units
Type of Unit Turnover
Small < Euro 2.25 MillionMedium Euro 2.25 -11.25 MillionLarge Euro11.25 – 41.25 Million
CLE –Report – Export of Leather & Leather Products – Facts and Figures 2008-09 where 1USD =..75 Euro and 1 INR = .015 Euro , Apr23,10
’Indian Leather Exports-Prospects & Problems’ –CLE
(Council for Leather Exports)
Same as 1
Leather & Leather Products industry in Selected Asia-Pacific Countries – An In depth Study of Competitiveness – Mr. A.A. Gopalakrishnan-Pg 60