hatis TOF/PA?is TOF/PA?
Children with TOF/PA illustrate theChildren with TOF/PA illustrate thefollowing four characteristics:following four characteristics:
A hole in the ventricular septum (VSD) A hole in the ventricular septum (VSD)
An anterior shift of the aorta, resulting in an aorta that An anterior shift of the aorta, resulting in an aorta thatlies above the VSD (lies above the VSD (³³overriding aortaoverriding aorta´´))
Obstruction of right ventricular outflow (pulmonaryObstruction of right ventricular outflow (pulmonaryatresia)atresia) ± ±smaller pulmonarysmaller pulmonary artery,artery, and muscular and muscular
narrowing below the valvenarrowing below the valve
Thickening of the right ventricle (ventricular Thickening of the right ventricle (ventricular hypertrophy) since the heart has to pump harder tohypertrophy) since the heart has to pump harder tocompensate for the pulmonary atresiacompensate for the pulmonary atresia
Info from: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/CongenitalHeartDefects/AboutCongenitalHeartDefects/Tetralogy-of-Fallot_UCM_307038_Article.jsp