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Chs. 4, 15, 16 and 17 Review for Final

Chs. 4, 15, 16 and 17 Review for Final

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Published by Derrick Ong

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Published by: Derrick Ong on Apr 25, 2011
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Final exam review: Chapters 4, 15, 16 and 17
Name: __________________________ Date: ________________
1.
The awareness that things continue to exist even when they are not perceived is known as:
A)
attachment.
B)
conservation.
C)
assimilation.
D)
object permanence.
E)
habituation.___
2.
In an experiment, children see a doll named Sally leave her ball in a red cupboard and goaway. They then observe another doll, Anne, move the ball to a different location. In askingchildren where Sally will look for the ball upon her return, the investigators are testing thechildren's:
A)
habituation.
B)
accommodation.
C)
moral reasoning.
D)
theory of mind.
E)
stranger anxiety.___
3.
An impaired theory of mind is most closely associated with:
A)
fetal alcohol syndrome.
B)
crystallized intelligence.
C)
concrete operational thought.
D)
role confusion.
E)
autism.___
4.
Young children typically try to stay very close to their parents when they are in an unfamiliarsetting. This best illustrates the adaptive value of:
A)
habituation.
B)
conservation.
C)
the rooting reflex.
D)
attachment.
E)
egocentrism.___
5.
Mr. Johnson spends time each day caressing and rocking his infant daughter. This timetogether should serve most directly to promote:
A)
habituation.
B)
secure attachment.
C)
stranger anxiety.
D)
egocentrism.
E)
conservation.___
6.
According to Erikson, committing oneself to meaningful social roles would be mostindicative of the achievement of:
A)
integrity.
B)
autonomy.
C)
competence.
D)
initiative.
E)
identity.
Page 1
 
Final exam review: Chapters 4, 15, 16 and 17
___
7.
Compared to the children with authoritarian parents, the children of authoritative parents are:
A)
less likely to develop a sense of self-reliance and more likely to demonstrate socialcompetence.
B)
more likely to develop a sense of self-reliance and less likely to demonstrate socialcompetence.
C)
less likely to develop a sense of self-reliance and less likely to demonstrate socialcompetence.
D)
more likely to develop a sense of self-reliance and more likely to demonstrate socialcompetence.___
8.
According to Freud, the part of personality that represents our sense of right and wrong andour ideal standards is the:
A)
collective unconscious.
B)
ego.
C)
self-concept.
D)
id.
E)
superego.___
9.
Katrinka habitually makes nasty, hostile comments about her teachers. Freud would havesuggested that her behavior illustrates the powerful influence of the:
A)
collective unconscious.
B)
superego.
C)
ego.
D)
id.
E)
Oedipus complex.___
10.
The perception that one can strongly influence the outcome and destiny of one's own lifeexemplifies:
A)
the self-reference phenomenon.
B)
the spotlight effect.
C)
the reality principle.
D)
an internal locus of control.
E)
reciprocal determinism.___
11.
Learned helplessness is most likely to result from:
A)
a self-serving bias.
B)
an external locus of control.
C)
the false consensus effect.
D)
the self-reference phenomenon.
E)
an Oedipus complex.___
12.
Martin Seligman advocates a positive psychology, which focuses on topics such as:
A)
optimism.
B)
projection.
C)
the Barnum effect.
D)
external locus of control.
E)
free association.
Page 2
 
Final exam review: Chapters 4, 15, 16 and 17
___
13.
The tendency to accept more personal responsibility for one's successes than for one's failuresbest illustrates:
A)
reaction formation.
B)
an external locus of control.
C)
self-serving bias.
D)
the self-reference phenomenon.
E)
the spotlight effect.___
14.
One of the Big Five personality factors is:
A)
reciprocal determinism.
B)
self-actualization.
C)
individualism.
D)
agreeableness.
E)
psychoanalysis.___
15.
After experiencing prolonged and seemingly inescapable physical abuse from her husband,Kayla became increasingly depressed and hopelessly resigned to her suffering. Her reactionbest illustrates:
A)
the spotlight effect.
B)
an Electra complex.
C)
unconditional positive regard.
D)
learned helplessness.
E)
defensive self-esteem.___
16.
A sense of being separated from your body and watching yourself with a sense of detachmentis a symptom of:
A)
obsessive-compulsive disorder.
B)
dysthymic disorder.
C)
generalized anxiety disorder.
D)
agoraphobia.
E)
dissociation.___
17.
For his class presentation, Bruce plans to discuss the Big Five personality factors used bypeople throughout the world to describe others or themselves. Which of the following is
not 
afactor that Bruce will discuss?
A)
extraversion
B)
openness
C)
independence
D)
conscientiousness___
18.
Indira, a third-grade teacher, frequently suffers from dizziness, heart palpitations, musculartension, and fatigue. She is also continually agitated and unable to relax outside theclassroom, but she cannot pinpoint a reason for her problems. Her behavior is most indicativeof a(n):
A)
dysthymic disorder.
B)
phobia.
C)
obsessive-compulsive disorder.
D)
generalized anxiety disorder.
E)
dissociative disorder.
Page 3

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