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Terrorist Skyjackings: A CIA Report

Terrorist Skyjackings: A CIA Report

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Published by Rob
This is a July 1982 CIA report on terrorist skyjackings.
This is a July 1982 CIA report on terrorist skyjackings.

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Categories:Types, Legal forms
Published by: Rob on Apr 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/16/2012

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Approved ForRelease
2OO7
l1Ol1
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CIA-RDP85M00363R000901
960026-3
Terrorist
Astatistical
overview
of
terrorist
${fi$Xiffi.Wff.lffi.g$
fromJanuary
1968
throughJune
1982
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July
1982
roved For Release
2007
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:
CIA-RDP85M00363R000901
960026-3
 
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CIA-RDP85M00363R000901
960026-3
Skylacklng:
The
seizureof anairplane,withwhatever
hostages
may beon
board,
to forcesomeaction,whetherit be move-menttoanothercountryor agreementby
the
authorities
involved
tosomeother
demand,
TerrarlslSky/acking:
The
seizure
of
an
airplanethrough
the
use
or
threat
of
violencefor
political
purposesbyindivid-
uals
or
groups.
Tenoristsuseskyiackingstoforce authorifiesto agreetotheir
de'
mands,
mosl
frequentlyformoney
or
therelease
ofimprisoned
terrorisfs,
or
fo
pu
blicizeperceived
grievances.
A
roved For Release
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:
CIA-RDP85M00363R000901
960026-3
 
Approved For
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e 2007l1Ol19
:
CIA-RDP85M00363R000901960026-3
Terrorist
Skyiackings
According
to
our
records,
684
skyjackingshavebeen
attempted
since
January
1968,
approximately
9
percent
of
allterrorist
attacks
since
thatdate.
These
attempts
haveresultedin
at
least
500
deathsand
400 injuries.
More
thanone-third of
the
hijackers demanded
passage
to
Cuba.Nearly
40percentoftheaircraft
belonged
to
USairlines,
most notably
Eastern,Na-
tional,and
TWA.
Trende
The numberof atternpted
skyjackings
reached a
high
in
1969-70,declined
sf
ightly
in
1971-72,decreased
byhalf
in
1973,
and
hasremained
fairlyconstant
since
then.The
declines resulted
from
in-
creasedpublicsupportfor
measures
tocountertheskyjackingthreat;
the
1970multiple
skyjackingby
Palestinianterroristswas
the catalystforthe
Hague
and
Mon-
trealconventions
on aerial
hijacking.
In
January
1973,luggageinspection
and
thefullscreening
of
boardingpassengerswere
instituted
in
the
UnitedStates
and
at
inter-
national airports
in
other countries,
reduc-ing
the
total
number
ofattempted skyjack-
ings
in
1973
to
half
that ofthe
previous
year.The
USFederal
Aviation Administra-tionreports
that
more
than20,000
fire-
arms
havebeen
detected
sincethose
security
measureswereinstituted.Of
the684skyjackingattempts
since Jan-
uary
1968,we
consider
108
to
have been
terrorist
(that
is,politically
motivated)
sky-
jackings,
More
thanone-third of
theseresulted
in
casualties, numbering
212
dead
and
186
wounded.
Terrorist
skyjacking
in-
cidents
were
initiated
in 43
countries
and
1
AoorovedFor Release
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:
CIA-RDP85M00363R000901
960026-3
ended
in
47countries,mostofthem
in
Latin America,
WesternEurope,
and
the
Middle
East. Forty-seven
terrorist
groups,
ofwhich almost
half
were
Palestinianand
Latin American,claimed creditfor
theskyjackings.The
numberof terroristskyjackingat-tempts was
highestin
the early
1970s;
it
declined
by
half in
1973, asdidall
skyjack-
ing
attempts,
because
of
increased
airportsecurity.Between
1973
and
1980, terror-
ists
averaged five
skyjackingattempts
per
yeat.
A
significant
increaseoccurred
in
1981.This
waspartlyattributableto
the
successful
Pakistan
LiberationArmy
sky-
jackin
March,
whichprobably
encouraged
otherattempts;
increases in
terrorist
andinsurgent
activities
inCentral
America
and
northernSouthAmerica contributed
to
in-creasesin
terroristskyjackingsthere.
Four
terroristskyjackings
have
taken
placethus
far
in
1982,suggesting
aprobable
de-crease
forthe
year
from
the
1981 total.
Skyiackinge
in
1982
There
were
10
skyjackings
throughJune of1982,
of whichfour
were
terroristskyjack-
ings.
Twooccurred inLatinAmerica,
and
inboth
cases
the terrorists
weregrantedasylumin
Cuba.
In
thethird
case,the
terrorists
were
granted
asylum inSyria;
in
the fourth,theyvoluntarily
surrenderedto
British authorities.
No onewas killedin
a
terrorist skyjacking
in
thefirst
half
of
1982;
fivepeople
were
wounded.
Gunswereusedin
allfourattempts,and
explosives
were
used in
allbut
one.

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