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Frying Pans of the Aegean EBA - AJA '85

Frying Pans of the Aegean EBA - AJA '85

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"Frying Pans" of the Early Bronze Age AegeanAuthor(s): John E. ColemanSource:
American Journal of Archaeology,
Vol. 89, No. 2 (Apr., 1985), pp. 191-219Published by: Archaeological Institute of AmericaStable URL:
Accessed: 04/01/2010 11:32
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"FryingPans"of theEarlyBronzeAgeAegean*
JOHNE.COLEMAN
(Pls. 33-37)Abstract
Recent discoveries have shed newlighton the curiousobjectsknownas"frying pans,"whose realpurposeisdisputed.Most are ofterracotta,but a fewexamplesarenowknown of stone and there arealsotwo ofbronzefromAlacaHiuyuk. Theymaybe divided into severalgroups accordingto thetypeof handle(i.e.,forked,barred,rectangularand"bracket")."Frying pans"fromtheCycladicislands can often bedistinguishedfromthosefound on the mainland of Greecebyboth their han-dles andtheir decoration. Thechronologicalevidence in-dicates that all"frying pans"now known fromtheCycla-desmaybe dated toEarly CycladicII. Those found onthe mainland date toEarlyHelladicIandII.It isarguedthat"fryingpans"wereprobablyused asplates,asMy-lonas hassuggested, although theymayoften have servedadecorative function aswell. Itisnotyetclear whetherthe formoriginatedintheCycladesor themainlandofGreece. Theexamplesinbronze from AlacaHiuyukarehard toexplain,butthey mayhavecopied Cycladicex-emplarsinstone.Theobjects familiarlyknown as"fryingpans"first
came tolightin theCycladicislands in the latenine-teenthcentury.1The discoveriesbyTsountasin theCycladesin the1890s2 andsubsequentlythosebyTsountasandPapavasileiouat ManikainEuboea3caused theseobjectsto becomea focus ofscholarlyin-terest.Theyhavecontinued toattract muchattentionover theyearsbecauseof their unusualshapeandelaborateincised decoration. Recentfinds haveshednewlighton these curiousobjects,and we cannowattempttooutline theirdistribution andchronologywithconsiderably greaterconfidencethan before. Itisimportanttoremember, however,thatinasmuchasthose available forstudystillrepresentanessentiallyaccidentalselection,anyconclusions drawnmustberegardedastentative."Frying pans,"asthe term is usedhere,arelow-walledobjects, roughlycircularas seen fromabove,withprojectinghandles of varioustypes.Their func-tionisuncertain,althoughitisarguedbelow thattheywereprobably plates.Forconvenience,the outerflat
*Anearlydraft of this articlewaspresentedto aworkshoponprehistoricCycladic chronologyat theUniversityof London inJune1983. TheworkshopwasorganizedbyR.L.N.Barber andJ.A.MacGillivray;Iwould liketothank them andthe otherpartic-ipantsfor their commentsandencouragement.should like furthertoexpress mythankstoMachteldJ.Mellink,MarciaK.Mogelon-sky,JiirgenThimme,and membersofthe BronzeAgeSeminar atCornellUniversityin Fall1984 forreadingandcommentingonvariousdrafts;toJeremyB.Rutter,whoseperceptivecriticismshave saved me froma numberoferrors;and to Martha H.Wienckeforprovidinginformationon thepieceswithimpresseddecorationfromLerna,includingthe text ofanunpublishedpaper.Thanksare also dueMarciaMogelonskyforill.1,RichardM.Economakisfor ills. 4and5and thefollowingforphotographs, permissiontopublish photographs,or forotherinformation orhelponspecificpieces: JaneC.Biers,NancyBookides,BarbaraJ. Byrne,CostisDavaras,Ch.Doumas,AngelosDelivorrias,Marie-Louise Erlen-meyer,D.Goulandris,JohnC.Lavezzi,PatriciaGetz-Preziosi,HenryS.Robinson,JeremyB.Rutter,OlgaTzakou-Alexandri,MichaelVickers,James Wrightand CarolW. Zerner.The follow-ingmuseumskindly providedphotographswhich arereproducedntheplates:NationalMuseum,Athens(2, 4, 6,7, 9,12-19, 21,23-27, 37,40);BenakiMuseum,Athens(76);Museum of Art andArchaeology,Columbia,Missouri(30);AshmoleanMuseum,Ox-ford(54).Thefollowingabbreviationsappearinthisarticle:Bossert 1960E.-M.Bossert,"DiegestempeltenVer-zierungenauffruhbronzezeitlichenGefassenderAgais,"JdI75(1960)1-16.Goldman 1931H.Goldman,Excavations atEutresisinBoeotia(Cambridge,Mass.1931).Mellink 1956Mylonas1959Papavasileiou1910Renfrew 1972Thimme1977Tsountas 1898Tsountas 1899Zervos1957Zschietzschmann1935M.J.Mellink,"TheRoyalTombsatAlacaHuyukand theAegeanWorld,"TheAegeanand the NearEast(LocustValley1956)39-58.G.E.Mylonas, AghiosKosmas(Prince-ton1959).G.A.Papavasileiou,Flep'
rCv
EvEv,/oiaapXaLwvdcawvAthens1910).C.Renfrew,TheEmergence ofCivilisa-tion.TheCycladesand theAegeaninthe ThirdMillennium B.C.(London1972).J.Thimme,ArtandCultureoftheCycla-des(Karlsruhe1977).Ch.Tsountas,"KvKAas8Ka,"rchEph1898,137-212.Ch.Tsountas, "KvKAaiKcaI,"ArchEph1899,73-134.Ch.Zervos,L'artdesCyclades(Paris1957).W.Zschietzschmann,"Kykladenpfan-nen,"AA1935,652-68.IThe term"fryingpan"sclearlyamisnomer,asemergesfromthediscussion ofthepurposeofthesevesselsinfra,and Isharethemisgivingsabout itsuseexpressedbyThimme 1977:522.There isno otherterm inEnglishthatseems tome bettersuited,however,andsimilarappellationsareused inGreekandFrench."Pan"hastoogeneralameaningtobe useful inthepresentcontext.2Tsountas1898,1899.3Papavasileiou1910.191AmericanJournalofArchaeology89(1985)
 
JOHNE. COLEMAN111..FindspotsofEarlyBronzeAge "fryingpans"n theAegean. Key:1.Pefkakia;2.Manesi;4.Manika;5.Lithares;6.Eutresis;7.Marathon;8.Perachora;9.Corinth;10. PalaiaKokkinia;11.Raphina;12.AyiosKosmas;13.Markopoulo;14.Aegina;15.Nemea;16.Berbati;17.Tiryns;18.Lerna;19.Asine;20.Epidauros;21.Asea;22.Keos,AyiaIrini;23.Andros;24.Syros,Chalandriani;25.Mykonos;26.Siphnos,Akrotiraki;7.Despotikon;28.Paros,Kampos;29.Naxos,Grotta andAplomata;30.Naxos,Ayioi Anargyroi;31.Naxos, Louros;32. AnoKouphonisi;33.Amorgos,KatoAkroterion;34.Siki-nos;35.Crete,AyiaPhotia.Notshown: AlacaHiiyiik.(AJA8992

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