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Sozopol-Kiten

Sozopol-Kiten

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TpaKI151IlOlITHKaCepH51
I
)~OKJIaJUjorMe)!{fJYllapOJlHI151Cl1MIl03HYM
TPAKMJIIIOHTMKAVI.2
BLJECTHA.
MHXAI1JIJIA3APOB
P
e
:L<lKTOP
Xpncruna
AHreJIOB3UeHTbp3anOJlBOJlHaapXeOJIOrH5ICo(lm51
2003
,'I-,
r...r.,.,
(,//~r::
V
7-vl«~,
ThraciaPonticaSeriesIProceedings
of
theInternationalSymposium
THRACIAPONTICAVI.2
IN
HONO[{EMMIHAILILAZAROV
Edited
by
I-IristinaAngelovaCentreforUnderwaterArchaeology
Sofia2003
 
LISTOFPUBLICATIONS
79.
M.CTpHlI.-
13:
/{P(1I1lIWC//1IUKJIO/lcilwl:TP(1/{l/UCK(1opceuocm.
COqJl111,
126-127.
80.
KanaTHc.-
13:
/{I)(1mKiICIIl.jIlKJlO/l('()IUI:
Tpuu
uuacuOpCBII()Cm.
C(J(PHll,
133-134.
Rl.Kapou
nHMeH.-
13:
/{/J(1In1WClilI1IKJ/O/l('()IUl:TPUKULlClW
ill)C6//ocm.
COqlHll,
c.137.82.Onecoc.-13:
/{/}(/1111{(J
('II111.IKJ/oIlCrllUl:TP(1KlIlICKU()pCBIIOCI1l.
C()(IIHH,
19l)-200.83.
TOMH.-
ll:
/{IWI11I{(11'1111
I
KJI
onct)
WI:TP(1KUliCKiIiJ/J(,IJ/IOCI11.
CO(llI1H,
c.
277.84.
LessitessubmeruuslelongduPontOuestdanslecontextedelhistoirepontique
i
J
d'
I
j
~
'~
Rh.l.cPont-Eux
m-zolledecontact
entre
l'Oricnt
et
l'Occident.-In
Thr.uio
II
SflldlU
III;
mcditerran
iicnnc.-
Pontica.
26,7-18.1994
85.
Introduction.-In:
Thl'
j.
l.csportsdans
10
VICde
1<1
Thracc
<I/1(';ClIl1e,
7-12
octohrc
11)1)1.
Sozopol.
Varna,1-5.
1995
hOIl(!rL1I1
'11"wlI"l"I
I-
01
Scrdicac,123-128.
19%87.
I
or
i.ua.u:
IC
ce.uuu.:o
I
]all:L\1I0HI
qepll()~1OpllC
Ili.on
rcr«:
1:1
11:111011111
iiC,:II:1II
CpewnC"1110MOPCh:ll:l
IICI
opus.-
l/cIIIOI)II
'I,
96.
NoI,
4S-(,
I.
1998
81>.Notizcnzur
!.:riechiochcll
Kolonisation
am
wcstlichcn
SCh\\i1I'LCIl
MccrSchrittquclc»und
archlLOlogiscl~e
Dcuk
m.ncrIn:
G.
RTstskhladzc
(cd.),
The
(;rcck
('O/OIli.I({/l1J1l
(I!
the:
BlackSeallistoruollntcrprctutionofArchaeologv;
8595.
(f
lisror:SIIJiJiI
Ikrt1'1)
X9.
lsocoecmr
I{([
l!()III11U.
llapHa,
94
c.
(Penamopcscranurc.r)
1999
90.
l.cs
importations
amphoriquesthasienncs
ilOdcssos.-In:
l'roducnon
ct
«(lIIIII/('fn'
.lcs
UlIIIJ!wrc.Iancicnnc»ellIller
Noire.
...Jefc.l
duColloq
int
crnanonul
orgulli.I';
ci
II/UII/hll,
~5-28
ma
i
11)1)-1
i\
ix-cn-Provcnce.195
200.
2000
'il
r;'klrapcHlio
LJLPII()\1()PllCnpclapxau-uur»IICPI10;\.Cr.c
roauuc11;1
IIP")'IIl:IIIIIHI:1.
ltllMl).
3,
2341.(
S///dill
ill
Mcmoriinn
hUII/
C;ul"hli\')
I'C3.:
[heBulg,lrlanBlac~SeaCoastDuringtheArchaicPeriod.StdtL'
01
Ill\estli-':ltielil.
92.
AIlTWIIIII})!AIIXII,IJIO(
I
XII:1.
up.l'.xp.-
VI
B.C;1.
I'.Xp.)-
ll:
Ilclll()/IIL'I
I'"
l!()\IIIIII/{'.
I.:
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13-42.
8
TIIRACIAPONTICASFRII:SVt.2.INIIONORFMMIIIAI!.1LAZAROV
llNDERWATERARCHAEOLOGICALEXCAVATIONSOFSUBMERGEDLATEENEOLlTHlCANDEARLYBRONZEAGESETrLEMENTSINKITENANDSOZOPOL(SOUTHBULGARIANBLACKSEACOAST)*
HristinaA
n)!,e/oViJ,
VesselinDraganov
CentreforUnderwaterArchaeology,SozopolX
130,
BulgariaThet\\O
hrothcr-,
\hkorpiltiLstmadethcslIpp()sition
PI'
theexistenceell':lI'l:haculugical
sitc-.underwater
inBulgariainthebegilliling
"I'
thecentury.
Between
1907
and
192IK.Shkorpi
IputIlll\laidtheidea
of
the
existenccof
whathe
ca
lle.l
pile
scttlementsalong
the
BulgarianBlackSeacoast.Untilthe
middleof
the70-iesallthe
settlementsdiscoveredwere
thought
to
havebeenpile-settlementssituatedinmarinebays.Ihemainreasonforsuchall
aSSU1l1
ptionwasthatsimilar
settlements
in
M
iddleand\V
estern
Europe
were
excavatedinlakes.In
thesecondhalfofthe
70-ies
therewax
a
definite
transitiontoanoppositcopinionsupportingtheideathatthesescttlcmentshadoncebeenbuiltondrvland.The
problemconsidered
atthe
time
II
as
\1
hethcr
thesc
settlements
had
been
abandonedinhasteduetoacatastrophic
flood
or
thc
irabundancehad
beena
longprocess
of
changing
the
habitationplaces.
Theinvcst
iu.uious
of
newsites
undcr«atcrenrichedourkuowledp
c
ofthe
prehistoric
settlements
and
provided
a
serious
database
wh
icl:analysiscanhelp
liS
createamoreprecise
pictureofthesekindofarchaeologicalsites.
The
main
problemtheprehistoricsettlementsdiscovered
along
theHulgarian
Black
Sea
coastposeisconcernedwiththeir
present-day
position-onlandand/orThispresentationistoexpressourgratitudetoourteacherandbestfriendMihaill.azarov,whodevotedtimeandeffortstosharewithushisknowledgeandlovetowardsthesea.Intheyear
200]
whentheCentreforUnderwaterArchaeologycelebratesits
2)'"
anniversary,weowehimspecialthanksforpursuingustogotoKilenin
1989
andcontinuetheexcavationsofanEarly8rOI1,'Cset!
lcrneru
thathadstartedin1986underhisdirectionincollaborationwithKalinPorozhanovandVentsislavPopov.Theseweretheexcavationsthatchangedourattitudetowardstheseveryspecialandimportantarchaeologicalsitesdiscoveredunderwater-thesubmergedprehistoricsettlements.
9
 
Angc!onlll,..,
r
f)l'UgUIII!\',
IINI)IRWAII.RAI(C1II\IOI<X;IlAIIXCAVAIIONS(lISIIfI'IIW(I)
1IIldcf\vater,Itisevidentthattheirpositionisaconsequenceofthecoastalchanges
j
thathaveoccurredduringthemillennia,.Cnastalchangcsdependnotonl~oneustaticsealevelchange.butalsotoa
'1,'•"
~rcatextend(Inanumberoflocal
factors
relatedtothegeologicalstructureo
l
thecoastandoftheshelf.ForthatreasoninneighbouringregionsoftheBulgariancoastarchaeologicalsiteswithclosechronologyhavedifferentpositiononthepresent-cia)
I
coastandarcdiscoveredinitsthreemainregions.Theseregionsdiffermainlyin
t
geologicalstructure.'IheNeolithic,LncolithicandtheEB;\layerofthesculcmcn:in.~Durankulakiscntire
ly
onland,Theone-layersettlementinShah!aSOIlIC
20
km-.to~theSouth,is<itu.ucdina
firth,
theEncolithicsettlementsinVarnaarc3-,,)111beneath
i
theprcscu:sca-Icvcl.\\hilcthel.neolithicandtheEB;\
scttlemcntx
inAtiva.
')0/0
1
)(11.,
Ropotal11()andK
it
enarcatthedcptl:of6,8111bcncuththe
present-day
scaIncl
i
()nco
l
theI'CdSllliSthattheNcolirhi,'.lncolithic.I'IL\
.uid
lrou\gcscnlcmcut-;;tlllll,=,
th,:
j)llhrud/h;1coastall'situated
Oil
landisthattheIllll'lllel'llp.utllftheBlllg;lrianUlastis:;uhle~tcdtllC()lISlantuplift
w
hichClllllpl'lhatcstoacl'li:lillextenttheprcscnt-ci,l\laiscllfthcsea,Ancxccpunnforthenorthcn:l'll;lstisthl'regionaroundthelukcufVarnaandKanu.hiyaRiverwherethesettlel11cnts.ucdiscoveredbcuc.uhtheprcscnt-dayse;1lcvcl.Wcconsiderthecoastalpart01'.'it'lraplaninaaregionofcvcluvivcInterestsincealmostnocrustuldclcvcllim;
i-.
rc~i'll'rcdhere.A
xuhxidcnce
ofabout)nll11pervcarcharacterizesthesouthernpart(IftheC(last,ThisIac:cOlllpriscsonel'f'thercaxonsthattheprchistoricsculcmcnt-.all)llgthe~
~
southerncoastarc
prcsciu
l.discoveredunderwater
f
1
oanS\\CI'thequestionsaboutthedifferentpresent-daypllsitiollo
l
the
F
~
settlements.itisIICCC"al'\t(lill\cstit'-<ltcotherprchi-aoricsculcmcutsbothon1.11](i
t
andundcrwatcr.as
wc
ll
;h
tells,a:;
t;II'
astheycanbediscoveredalungthel'llastlhctopographic,economic,ethnicandculturalcontinuitvolthecuastalpopul.nionIIIprehistoric
t
imc-,canonl.hestudiedinrelationtoitsdcpcudcncconclim.u«chan~l's,murinercgrcssinllSandtransgrcssions,crustuldclcvclling,loca]gcolugical1;lctorSandcnvironmcutalIcaturc«.etc,Forthatreasonp,licoccolugicalandpaicugc,)grapliicstudies
scciu
tocomprisethemaintoolsinthestudvoftheprehisronccuastalsettlementsinBulgaria,The\\\illhelpusclarifythedirection,characterandintel1slt)
ol
culturalandeconomicrciatiullsandcontacts
ofthe
BlackSeacoastalpopulationinprehistorywiththe;\cgcanandMediterraneanworldandEurope,since
life
dcpcud»onenvironment.Ihcscstudicswillenableustodeterminethepositionllfthecoastlineillthedifferenthistoricalperiodsandevaluatetheperspectiveareaswherenewarchaeologicalsite(prehistoricsettlements.harbours,anchoragesorsunkenships)couldhediscovered.ThedevelopmentofaspecificmaterialculturealongtheBulgarianBlackSeacoastbeginsintheEneolithicandtheEarlyBronzeAge,WestilllackathoroughstudyontheculturaldevelopmentofthewesternPonticregionduringtheIVthmill.
10
1111('\(,1.,\
1'(
)NTI(';\\11(11\VI.2INII!)'\()1(1~1~lllIAIII{AfAROV
_____
------------------------------------------------
Be
aperiodthathasbeennamedinm<In)differentways:Transitionalperiod,I'ostcneolithic
l'rotohronzc.
etc,Fromaculturalpoint(Ifviewthisisthe
t
imewhenafterthedisappcaranecofthe
postcncof
ithicculturesintheregionofthetypeofSozopolI-;\tiya,theearliestfortheBulgarianBlackSearegionBronzeAgcculturesappeared.Theyarecharacrcriscd
by
theRcuicII-ChcrnavodaIIIandDurankulak
11;\
cultures
(Draganov
19(0),
ThedevelopmentofthisculturalprocessnlonuthesoutherncoastisthemainreasonlortheappearanceofthenowsuhmcrucdFBi\~settlemcntsinSozopolandKiien,TheircultureischaracteristicfortheChcrnavodaIIculture(So/llpol)andfortheLzeroVIII-IV--Mihalich-Lzerovo-UrdmizaIculturcs(Kitcn)(Drag,IIIO\
19(5),
.1{hi'lq"lf'
_~E:]~PC
Fig.1.
LocationofPrchistoricSettlemcntsalongtheBulgarianBlackSeaCoast(onLandand
lJ
ndcrwatcr)
11

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