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Ch. 5

Ch. 5

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Published by: kb_scribd on Apr 26, 2011
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09/18/2014

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A
precastsection
01
roadwayfora
newintef'changeonInterstate93isshownbeingloweredfromagantrycrane.I
thischapter
we
will
introducetheconoeptofthecentroidofanarea;
In
subsequentcoursestherelation
betweenhe
localion
of
the
centroid
and
thebehavio.rof
the
roadwa.y
unc{erloading
will
be
established.
 
DISTRBUTEOFORCES:CENTROIDSANDCENTERSOFGRAVITY
5.1lntroducion
Areasandlines
5.2CenterofGravityofa
Two-DimensionalBody
5.3
Centroidsof
Areasand
Unes5.4
First
Momentsor
Areas
and
Lines
5.5CompositePlatesandWires5.6DetermlnaonofCentroidsbyIntegration
5.7TheoremsofPappus-Guldins
5.BDistrlbu1edLoadsonBeams5.9ForoesonSubmerged
Surfaces
Vaurnes
5.10
Ganler
oferavily
01
a
Three-Dlmensjonal
Body.
Cenreidofa
Volume5.1Composite
Bodies
5.12DeterminationatCentroidsofVolumes
by
Integration
Photo5.1The
p
aclsabala
CI
9ofthecoponets
01
amobile
r'eq
Iresan
I,J
derstadlngof
centers
ofgravit)'adcan
rolds.
themaintopics
01
isc"apler.
220
5.1.INTRODUCTION
AREASANDLINES
5.2.
CENTEROFGRAVITYOFATWO-DIMENSIONAL
BODY
t
usfirstconsidra
-n
t
horizontIplate(Fi.5.
I
.
We
(.'1
cli
theplateintonsmall
lenlen
s,Th"ordinatesof
he
den
o
o
I.M!J:
:r1l'=_T
\to
1;.1.1'·
Y
\t~
Ly
An'
Fig,
5.1Cantar
ot
gcav[1)'ofa
plate,
 
Jf
dClloted
by
:\'1
and
Yl,those
ofthe
second
element
b'.\'
:tnd
Y'"
:'II.
The
Iorcesescrted
by
the
lU1:Il
on
tht'elem
ntso
plate
willb.
ilenObed,
respCG'tive.ly.
b,6\'
1,
AW£,...,~'W/j~
Theeforcesor
'l(ights
aredirected
towardtheoenter
of
th
earth;however,
for
aI!
~!~rtieal
urpo.sf',S
tll@..
canh....ssumedtobepamUcl.
Theirsultant
.~lCl'efol'f'd
singl'~fon:;
tn
tl.·.same
direction..
Themagl1itude\'
!lUllS
roreeis
obtainecl
byaddingth
magnitudes
of
:1111"
el-mf>ntal
wH!dlls:
JIH~ltainhecoerdtnatcs
X
and
fj
of
thepoint
G
wheretheresultant
Wshouldbe
applied,wewritethatthe
mom
11
of'"ahoutthe
y
I~
l'
;Wt"S
areequaltothesu
mort
he
cnrre."pollding
III(H
nentsof
the
&llIImliilweig~ls,
l:.H
y:
}.;jJf
,1::
"IV
=
1
&
1,;V:
\'2'
a'
2.
++.\",..
l"
yW
=!It
6\V
1
+
!l2:
6W
2
++
y..
.6.\:
II
(5.I)
If
we
CD\\'
increasethe
number
of
elements
into
whtch
rh
plate
is
!l11t.icrluJld
silllult<ln
·ou:.ly
decreasethe
sizeof
eachelement,
we
oolitJrl
ill
~I
limit
th
following
expressions:
w=J
dW
xW=
f
xdW
-w
=
I
y
d
(5.2)
TIICS('
equations
definethe\
rei~lt
W
and
thecoordinates
x
and
'J
of
d(
~'eil!er
orgra1-ity
cor.
flat
plate.Th.anweqnationscanbe
dt'rirrdforawire
ling
inthe
XII
plane(Fig.,1).2).Venote
lhat
Iht:
(I'lllcrofgravity
G
of
a
wir
is
usuallvnotlocated
on
thewire.
\\/Y
o
tll!J~
'1'"-
z-
ew
uv..;qW=!.y.61
Rg.
.5..
2Centerof
gravity
0
awire.
5.2.
Center
01
Gravity
01
a
lWIl-olmens::
2.21

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