Rishi GargPhysics, 6
PeriodMr. McQueen22 April 2008
Light, Brightness, and Distance
1)I think that the intensity of the light will decrease as it passes throughthe set of two spheres. If the source of light emits a focused beam, theintensity will decrease the same amount when passing through thefirst and second spheres.2)Since the outer sphere has a radius twice that of the inner sphere, let’sassign the spheres radii of 1 and 2. Therefore, the surface area of theinner sphere is 4π, and the surface area of the outer sphere is 16π.Let’s say that if we had a third sphere with a radius of 3, it would havea surface area of 36π. If we factor out a 4π from each of these surfaceareas, we end up with 1, 4, and 9. This looks suspiciously like thesequence of square numbers. Therefore, I believe that the intensity of light decreases by a factor of the distance squared.
1)My graph of light intensity vs. distance does not appear to beconsistent with the model I predicted in the preliminary questions.Although the graph as a whole appears to be a horizontal reflection of the graph of x
, I am looking for a straight, linear line. Once I find thisline, I will know that the relationship between the x and y axes is true.2)My graph of light intensity vs. the inverse of distance squared appearsto be consistent with the model I predicted in the preliminaryquestions. I know this because the data appears to form a linear line. There is one point that appears to be slightly out of place, but I canprobably attribute that to experimental error. The rest of the pointsseem to fit into place as a straight line. This means that therelationship between the x and y axes is scientifically true.3)Based on my graphs, I believe that the relationship between theintensity of light and the distance from the light source involves afactor of d
. Since my graph of intensity vs. the inverse of the distancesquared formed a straight line, I believe that the intensity of light has arelationship of 1d2. This means that as the distance grows greater fromthe light source, the intensity decreases by a factor of the square of the distance.4)My experimental setup might have not exactly matched therelationship I predicted between intensity and distance because the