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ISAT 2011 Solutions

# ISAT 2011 Solutions

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ISAT 2011 Solutions
ISAT 2011 Solutions

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04/27/2011

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SOLUTION & ANSWER FOR ISAT-2011SET – A
[PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY & MATHEMATICS]
PART A
PHYSICS1.
A projectile is fired at an angle 60
°
with somevelocity u ------Ans : No correct answerSol: R =gu
2
sin 2
θ
x =RdR= 2 cot 2
θ
d
θ
T =gsinu2
θ
y =TdT= cot
θ
d
θ

°°=θθ=
60cot120cot2cot2cot2yx=
2
x =
2y (No correct answer)2. A ball is dropped down vertically from a tallbuilding ------Ans :
θ
=
  
hdsin41
1
Sol:
θ
+
θ
+
φ
= 90
°

φ
= (90
°

2
θ
)d =
φ=φ
2singgh2.212singu21
2
= h sin 2 (90
°

2
θ
) = h sin (180
°

4
θ
)= h sin 4
θ

θ
=
  
hdsin41
1
3. A photon with an initial frequency 10
11
Hz ------Ans : 4
×
10
3
m s
1
Sol: E
1
= h
υ
1
= 6.63
×
10
34

×
10
11
= 6.63
×
10
23
JE
2
= h
υ
2
= 6.63
×
10
34

×
0.9
×
10
11
= 5.967
×
10
23
J

E = E
1

E
2
= 6.63
×
10
24
J
E =mE2vmv21
2
=
4
×
10
3
m s
1
4. The correct potential energy diagram for ------Ans :Sol: For r < R,dU =drrRkdr.F
3
=

U =
23r03
rR2kdrrRk
=
∫
When r = 0, U = 0
Only option (a) is correct.When r = R, U
(R)

32
R2kR =R2k 5. Suppose the particle starts from r =
------Ans : (3/8) (k/R)Sol: KE = U
(R)

U
(R/2)
=R8kR2k
=R8k3 6. Let a particle have an instantaneous position ----Ans :0r.a;0v.a;0v.r
<>=
Sol: In circular motion,0v.rvr
=
randa make angle
θ
> 90
°

OMe
< 0vanda may make angle
θ
betweenthem which is either > 90
°
or <90
°
or = 90
°
So for general case v.a> 0
θ

θ

φ
u =
gh2

θ
u
2
= 2 gh
Rk
Rr0

7. A large parallel plate capacitor is made of twometal plates of size ------Ans : +5
×
10
5

ε
0
JSol:
C =
( )
d'AKK
021
ε
=
( )
1.011.023
0
××ε
=
ε
0

U =
602
1021CV21
×ε×=
= +5
×
10
5

ε
0
J8. A current
Ι
is flowing in a long straight wire alongthe z-axis------Ans : v
Z
(
t) = v
0
Sol: Fon q is along iˆ
direction
aof q isalong iˆ
direction
component ofvelocity in kˆdoes not change
v
Z
(
t) = v
0
9. A non-conducting sphere of radius R has acharge Q distributed ------Ans :Sol: From r = 0 to r = R.E
r
straight line, inclined to r.From r = R to r = b.E

2
r1 At r
b, E = 010. The magnetic field at the centre of a loopcarrying ------Ans : kˆ87R3
0
Ιµ
Sol:B = B
1
+ B
2
=R247R245R12
000
Ιµ=Ιµ+Ιµ
;Direction kˆ 11. A current
Ι
is flowing in a wire of length
λ
. Thetotal momentum ------Ans :qm
λΙ
Sol:
Ι
=qt1tq
Ι=
v =qt
λλ Ι=
p = mv =qm
λΙ
12. In an oil drop experiment, charged oil drops ofmass m and charge q------Ans :
( )
220
qRr4mg
πε
Sol: The answer must be dimensionless
q
2
is required in denominator to cancel
ε
0

only (B) can be the answer.13. Two lenses, one biconvex of focal length f
1
andanother ------Ans : M =
21
ff Sol: m
1
=Lfuv
111
=
m
2
=
222
fLuv
=
M = m
1
m
2
=
21
ff (L is large

)14. The central fringe in a Young’s double slitexperiment ------Ans :43 Sol: Path difference = (
µ

1) t= (1.4
1)
×
5
×
10
6
= 2
×
10
6
mPhase difference
∆φ
=
96
108.632 2102
×π××
×
2
π

∆φ
= 0.16
×
2
π
= 57.6
°

Ι
=
Ι
0
cm
2

  
φ
2= 0.767
Ι
0

43
Ι
0

|E|R b0xy

15. A polarizer is introduced in the path of a beam ofunpolarized light incident ------Ans :
θ
= 30
°
and the polarizer is placed in P ( Itis assumed that the polarized light isgetting completely transmitted.)Sol: tan
φ
=
µ
(Brewster’s law)

φ
= 3tan
1
= 60
°
on transparent material.

θ
= 90
°

φ
= 30
°
16. A submarine travelling at 10 m s
1
is chasinganother one in front of it ------Ans : 13 m s
1
Sol: f
1
=
( )( )
10cvcf
0
+
f
2
=
( )( )( )( )( )( )
vc10c 10cvcf vc10cf
01
++=++
=
( )( )( )( )
10cvc 10cvc f
0
++
f
0
= 25000 Hz; f
2
= 24900 Hzc = 1500 m s
1
; v = 13 m s
1
17. When light of intensity
Ι
reflects from a surfaceseparating two ------Ans :
µ
=
21
µµ
; 2
µ
t =
( )
21n2
+λ
18. A point object is placed below a wide glass plateof refractive index n. As an ------Ans :1nntan2
21
Sol:
θ
= 2C’; tanC’ =dnr'dr
=
= n tan C =
  
=
n1Csin1nn
2
Θ

θ
=1nntan2
21
19. A light sensor is fixed at one corner of thebottom of a rectangular tank ------Ans : A quarter of a circle of radius = m310Sol: tanC =dr1n1
2
=

r = m3101nd
2
=
20. The average pressure on a sphere submergedin water is the pressure ------Ans : 63 NSol: P = pressure at centre =
ρ
g H= 1000
×
10
×
(0.1 + 0.1)= 2000 N m
2
F = P
×
area= 2000
×

π

×
(0.1)
2
= 20
π
= 63 N21. Laplace correction to the speed of sound ismade only for gases and not ------Ans :Much smaller relative pressure changewhen the wave is passing through them.Sol: Knowledge based.22. Three rods of equal lengths and cross sectionalareas are joined ------Ans : T
1
=
BA
T52T53
+
; T
2
=
BA
T53T52
+
Sol:
( ) ( ) ( )
LTTKALTTKA2 LTTKA
BC211A
==
On solving,T
1
=
BA
T52T53
+
andT
2
=
BA
T53T52
+
23. The diameter of a metal wire is measured usinga screw gauge, ------Ans : 1.21
×
10
5

mSol: Pitch = 0.5 mmL.C =505.0NPitch
=
= 0.01 mmP.S.R = 4
×
0.5 = 2.0 mmCSR = 20
×
LC = 20
×
0.01 = 0.2 mmd = 2.2 mm = 2.2
×
10
3
m
ρ
=
λ
RA

ρ
= 1.21
×
10
5

m
C’Cdd’r0