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مكانة حسن الخلق

مكانة حسن الخلق

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Published by هشام درياس

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Published by: هشام درياس on Apr 28, 2011
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05/17/2011

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ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا قﻼﺧأ ﻦﻣ رﻮﺻ
 
مﻼﺳﻹا ﻲﻓ ﻖﻠﺨﻟا ﻦﺴﺣ ﺔﻧﺎﻜﻣ-ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ّﻲﺒّ ﻨﻟا قﻼﺧأ ﻦﻣ رﻮﺻو:ﺪﻌﺑو هﺪﻌﺑ ّﻲﺒﻧ ﻻ ﻦﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ مﻻّ ﺴﻟاو ةﻻّ ﺼﻟاو هﺪﺣو ﻪﻠﻟ ﺪﻤﺤﻟا ،ﺔﻴﺑﺮّ ﺘﻟاو ةﻮﻋّﺪﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻚﻟﺬﻛو -ﻢﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر- ﺔﺑﺎﺤّ ﺼﻟا سﻮﻔﻧ ﻲﻓ ﺮﺛﻷا -ﻢﻈﻋأ ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ّﻲﺒّ ﻨﻟا ﻖﻠﺧ ﻲﻓ نﺎﻛ ﺪﻘﻟ :لﺎﻘﻓ ﻪﻨﻋ -ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗو ﻪﻧﺎﺤﺒﺳ- ﻪﻠﻟا ﺮﺒﺧأ ﺪﻗو ،سﺎً ﻨﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺮﻴﺜﻛ ﺔﻳاﺪﻫ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻠﻟا ﺪﻌﺑ ﻦﻣ ﺎً ﺒﺒﺳ نﺎﻛو{ٍﻢﻴِ ﻈَ ﻋ ٍﻖُ ﻠُ ﺧ ﻰﻠَ ﻌَ ﻟ َﻚَّ ﻧِإَ و}ةرﻮﺳ] 4]. :ﻢﻠﻘﻟا:-ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ّﻲﺒّ ﻨﻟا قﻼﺧأﻦﻋلﺎﻗ ﻚﻟﺎﻣ ﻦﺑ ﺲﻧأ:"ﺎً ﻘﻠﺧ سﺎّ ﻨﻟا ﻦﺴﺣأ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر نﺎﻛ"ﻦﻋ ﻖﻴﻘﺷ ﻦﻋ ﺶﻤﻋﻷا ﻦﻋ ،[ﻢﻠﺴﻣ] ﻢﻟ :لﺎﻘﻓ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﺮﻛﺬﻓ ﺔﻓﻮﻜﻟا ﻰﻟإ ﺔﻳوﺎﻌﻣ مﺪﻗ ﻦﻴﺣ وﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﺑ ﻪﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺖﻠﺧد:لﺎﻗ قوﺮﺴﻣ:-ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ :لﺎﻗو ﺎً ﺸﺤﻔﺘﻣ ﻻو ﺎً ﺸﺣﺎﻓ ﻦﻜﻳ »ﺎً ﻗﻼﺧأ ﻢﻜﻨﺳﺎﺣأ ﻢﻛرﺎﻴﺧ ﻦﻣ نإ«.[ﻢﻠﺴﻣ هاور] :-ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ّﻲﺒّ ﻨﻟا قﻼﺧأ ﻦﻣ رﻮﺻتﺮﻀﺣ اذﺈﻓ ﻪﻠﻫأ ﺔﻨﻬﻣ ﻲﻓ نﺎﻛ" :ﺖﻟﺎﻗ ،؟ﻪﻠﻫأ ﻲﻓ ﻊﻨﺼﻳ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻲﺒّ ﻨﻟا نﺎﻛ ﺎﻣ :ﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﺖﻟﺄﺳ":لﺎﻗدﻮﺳﻷا ﻦﻋ "ةﻻّ ﺼﻟا ﻰﻟإ مﺎﻗ ةﻻّ ﺼﻟا6039]. يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا هاور] :-ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- هؤﺎﻴﺣﺖﻌﻤﺳ لﻮﻘﻳ ﻪﺒﺘﻋ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﺑ ﻪﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﺖﻌﻤﺳ لﺎﻗ هدﺎﺘﻗ ﻦﻋ:لﻮﻘﻳ يرﺪﺨﻟا ﺪﻴﻌﺳ ﺎﺑأ ﺪﺷأ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر نﺎﻛ" "ﻪﻬﺟو ﻲﻓ هﺎﻨﻓﺮﻋ ﺎﺌﻴﺷ هﺮﻛ اذإ نﺎﻛو .ﺎﻫرﺪﺧ ﻲﻓ ءارﺬﻌﻟا ﻦﻣ ًءﺎﻴﺣ2320]. ﻢﻠﺴﻣ هاور]:مدﺎﺨﻟا ﻊﻣ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻗﻼﺧأ
 
لﺎﻗ ﻚﻟﺎﻣ ﻦﺑ ﺲﻧأ ﻦﻋ:ءﻲﺸﻟ ﻲﻟ لﺎﻗ ﻻو .ﻂﻗ ﺎﻓأ :ﻲﻟ لﺎﻗ ﺎﻣ ! ﻪﻠﻟاو .ﻦﻴﻨﺳ ﺮﺸﻋ ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﺖﻣﺪﺧ" :"؟؟اﺬﻛ ﺖﻠﻌﻓ ﻼﻫو ؟ اﺬﻛ ﺖﻠﻌﻓ ﻢﻟ2309]. ﻢﻠﺴﻣ هاور]:لﺎﻔﻃﻷا ﻊﻣ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻗﻼﺧأنﻮﻠﺒﻘﺗأ :اﻮﻟﺎﻘﻓ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﻰﻠﻋ باﺮﻋﻷا ﻦﻣ سﺎﻧ مﺪﻗ["neerG"=ROLOC] :ﺖﻟﺎﻗ ﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋ:-ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻘﻓ ،ﻞﺒﻘﻧ ﺎﻣ ﻪﻠﻟاو ﺎّ ﻨﻜﻟ :اﻮﻟﺎﻘﻓ ،ﻢﻌﻧ :اﻮﻟﺎﻘﻓ ؟ﻢﻜﻧﺎﻴﺒﺻﻢﻜﻨﻣ عﺰﻧ ﻪﻠﻟا نﺎﻛ نإ ﻚﻠﻣأ وأ«»ﺔﻤﺣﺮﻟا:ﺮﻴﻤﻧ ﻦﺑا لﺎﻗو ،»ﺔﻤﺣﺮﻟا ﻚﺒﻠﻗ ﻦﻣ«:ﺲﻧأ لﺎﻗ ،[ﻢﻠﺴﻣ هاور]ﻦﺴﺣأ ﻦﻣ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر نﺎﻛ" -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا ﻲﺒﻧ ﻪﺑ ﻲﻧﺮﻣأ ﺎﻤﻟ ﺐﻫذأ نأ ﻲﺴﻔﻧ ﻲﻓو ﺐﻫذأ ﻻ ﻪﻠﻟاو :ﺖﻠﻘﻓ ٍﺔﺟﺎﺤﻟ ﺎً ﻣﻮﻳ ﻲﻨﻠﺳرﺄﻓ ﺎً ﻘﻠﺧ سﺎﻨﻟا :لﺎﻗ ﻲﺋارو ﻦﻣ يﺎﻔﻘﺑ ﺾﺒﻗ ﺪﻗ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر اذﺈﻓ قﻮّ ﺴﻟا ﻲﻓ نﻮﺒﻌﻠﻳ ﻢﻫو نﺎﻴﺒّ ﺼﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺮﻣأ ﻰﺘﺣ ﺖﺟﺮﺨﻓ"ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳ ﺎﻳ ﺐﻫذأ ﺎﻧأ ﻢﻌﻧ" :ﺖﻠﻗ :لﺎﻗ ،"؟ﻚﺗﺮﻣأ ﺚﻴﺣ ﺐﻫذا ،ﺲﻴﻧأ ﺎﻳ" :لﺎﻘﻓ ﻚﺤﻀﻳ ﻮﻫو ﻪﻴﻟإ تﺮﻈﻨﻓ.[ﻢﻠﺴﻣ هاور]:هؤﺎﺨﺳو -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ّﻲﺒّ ﻨﻟا دﻮﺟ:لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﻪﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﺑ ﺮﺑﺎﺟ ﻦﻋ.ﻻ :لﺎﻘﻓ ﻂﻗ ﺎً ﺌﻴﺷ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﻞﺌﺳ ﺎﻣ.[ﻢﻠﺴﻣ هاور] ﻞﺟر هءﺎﺠﻓ لﺎﻗ ،هﺎﻄﻋأ ﻻإ ﺎﺌﻴﺷ مﻼﺳﻹا ﻰﻠﻋ ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﻞﺌﺳ ﺎﻣ:لﺎﻗ ﻪﻴﺑأ ﻦﻋ ﺲﻧأ ﻦﺑ ﻰﺳﻮﻣ ﻦﻋ"ﺔﻗﺎﻔﻟا ﻰﺸﺨﻳ ﻻ ءﺎﻄﻋ ﻲﻄﻌﻳ اﺪﻤﺤﻣ نﺈﻓ .اﻮﻤﻠﺳأ مﻮﻗ ﺎﻳ" :لﺎﻘﻓ ،ﻪﻣﻮﻗ ﻰﻟإ ﻊﺟﺮﻓ .ﻦﻴﻠﺒﺟ ﻦﻴﺑ ﺎً ﻤﻨﻏ هﺎﻄﻋﺄﻓ.[ﻢﻠﺴﻣ هاور]ﺔﻴﻣأ ﻦﺑ ناﻮﻔﺻ لﺎﻗوﻲﻧﺎﻄﻋأ ﺪﻘﻟ !ﻪﻠﻟاو" :ﻦﻴﻨﺣ ةوﺰﻏ ﺪﻌﺑ ﻢﻌّ ﻨﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺔﺋﺎﻤﺛﻼﺛ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر هﺎﻄﻋأ نأ ﺪﻌﺑ"ﻲﻟإ سﺎّ ﻨﻟا ﺐﺣﻷ ﻪﻧإ ﻰﺘﺣ ﻲﻨﻴﻄﻌﻳ حﺮﺑ ﺎﻤﻓ .ﻲﻟإ سﺎّ ﻨﻟا ﺾﻐﺑﻷ ﻪّ ﻧإو ،ﻲﻧﺎﻄﻋأ ﺎﻣ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳرهاور] .[ﻢﻠﺴﻣ:ﻪﻟﺎﻤﺘﺣا ةﺮﺜﻛو -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- هﺮﺒﺻ ﺔﻌﺳﺎﻤﻫﺮﺴﻳأ ﺬﺧأ ﻻإ ﻦﻳﺮﻣأ ﻦﻴﺑ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﺮﻴﺧ ﺎﻣ":ﺖﻟﺎﻗ ﺎﻬّ ﻧأ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ّﻲﺒّ ﻨﻟا جوز ﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋ  ﺰﻋ- ﻪﻠﻟا ﺔﻣﺮﺣ ﻚﻬﺘﻨﺗ نأ ﻻإ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﻢﻘﺘﻧا ﺎﻣو ،ﻪﻨﻣ سﺎّ ﻨﻟا ﺪﻌﺑأ نﺎﻛ ﺎً ﻤﺛإ نﺎﻛ نﺈﻓ ،ﺎً ﻤﺛإ ﻦﻜﻳ ﻢﻟ ﺎﻣ "-ﻞﺟو.[ﻢﻠﺴﻣ هاور]ﺪﻫﺎﺠﻳ نأ ﻻإ ًﺎﻣدﺎﺧ ﻻو ًةأﺮﻣا ﻻو هﺪﻴﺑ ﻂﻗ ﺎً ﺌﻴﺷ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر بﺮﺿ ﺎﻣ":ﺖﻟﺎﻗ -ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر- ﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋ "-ﻞﺟو ﺰﻋ- ﻪﻠﻟ ﻢﻘﺘﻨﻴﻓ ﻪﻠﻟا مرﺎﺤﻣ ﻦﻣ ًﺎﺌﻴﺷ ﻚﻬﺘﻨﻳ نأ ﻻإ ﻪﺒﺣﺎﺻ ﻦﻣ ﻢﻘﺘﻨﻴﻓ ﻂﻗ ءﻲﺷ ﻪﻨﻣ ﻞﻴﻧ ﺎﻣو ،ﻪﻠﻟا ﻞﻴﺒﺳ ﻲﻓ[ﻢﻠﺴﻣ هاور]:سﺎّ ﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ﻪﺤﻔﺻو -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- هﻮﻔﻋمﻮﻳ ﻦﻣ ﺪﺷأ ٌمﻮﻳ ﻚﻴﻠﻋ ﻰﺗأ ﻞﻫ :-ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ّﻲﺒّ ﻨﻠﻟ ﺖﻟﺎﻗ ﺎﻬﻧ ﺖﺛﺪﺣ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻲﺒّ ﻨﻟا جوز ؛ﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋ :لﺎﻗ ؟ﺪﺣأﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﺑ ﻞﻴﻟﺎﻳ ﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﺑا ﻰﻠﻋ ﻲﺴﻔﻧ ﺖﺿﺮﻋ ذإ ،ﺔﺒﻘﻌﻟا مﻮﻳ ﻢﻬﻨﻣ ﺖﻴﻘﻟ ﺎﻣ ﺪﺷأ نﺎﻛو ،ﺖﻴﻘﻟ ﺎﻣ ﻚﻣﻮﻗ ﻦﻣ ﺖﻴﻘﻟ ﺪﻘﻟ«ﺎﻧأ اذﺈﻓ ،ﻲﺳأر ﺖﻌﻓﺮﻓ ،ﺐﻟﺎﻌّ ﺜﻟا نﺮﻘﺑ ﺎﻧأو ﻻإ ﻖﻔﺘﺳأ ﻢﻠﻓ ،ﻲﻬﺟو ﻰﻠﻋ مﻮﻤﻬﻣ ﺎﻧأو ﺖﻘﻠﻄﻧﺎﻓ ،تدرأ ﺎﻣ ﻰﻟإ ﻲﻨﺒﺠﻳ ﻢﻠﻓ ،لﻼﻛﻚﻴﻟإ ﻪﻠﻟا ﺚﻌﺑ ﺪﻗو ،ﻚﻴﻠﻋ اودر ﺎﻣو ،ﻚﻟ ﻚﻣﻮﻗ لﻮﻗ ﻊﻤﺳ ﺪﻗ ﻪﻠﻟا نإ :لﺎﻘﻓ ﻲﻧادﺎﻨﻓ ،ﻞﻳﺮﺒﺟ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ اذﺈﻓ تﺮﻈﻨﻓ ،ﻲﻨﺘﻠﻇأ ﺪﻗ ﺔﺑﺎﺤﺴﺑنأ ﺖﺌﺷ نإ ، ﺖﺌﺷ ﺎﻤﻴﻓ ﻚﻟذ :لﺎﻘﻓ ،ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﺎﻳ :لﺎﻗ ﻢﺛ ،ﻲﻠﻋ ﻢﻠﺴﻓ ،لﺎﺒﺠﻟا ﻚﻠﻣ ﻲﻧادﺎﻨﻓ ،ﻢﻬﻴﻓ ﺖﺌﺷ ﺎﻤﺑ هﺮﻣﺄﺘﻟ ،لﺎﺒﺠﻟا ﻚﻠﻣﻪﺑ كﺮﺸﻳ ﻻ ،هﺪﺣو ﻪﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻌﻳ ﻦﻣ ﻢﻬﺑﻼﺻأ ﻦﻣ ﻪﻠﻟا جﺮﺨﻳ نأ ﻮﺟرأ ﻞﺑ :-ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ّﻲﺒّ ﻨﻟا لﺎﻘﻓ ؟ﻦﻴﺒﺸﺧﻷا ﻢﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﻖﺒﻃأ»ﺎً ﺌﻴﺷ.[يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا هاور]:مﻷﺎﺑ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﺘﻤﺣر:-ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ :لﺎﻗ ﻚﻟﺎﻣ ﻦﺑ ﺲﻧأ ﻦﻋﻒﻔﺧﺄﻓ .ﻲﺒّ ﺼﻟا ءﺎﻜﺑ ﻊﻤﺳﺄﻓ .ﺎﻬﺘﻟﺎﻃإ ﺪﻳرأ ةﻻّ ﺼﻟا ﻞﺧدﻷ ﻲّ ﻧإ« »ﻪﺑ ﻪﻣأ ﺪﺟو ةﺪﺷ ﻦﻣ.[ﻢﻠﺴﻣ هاور]ﺔﻧﺎﻜﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺎً ﺒﻧﺎﺟ ﻦّ ﻴﺒﻧ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ّﻲﺒّ ﻨﻟا قﻼﺧأ ﻦﻣ رﻮﺻ ﻊﻣ ﺔﻠﻴﻤﺠﻟا تﺎﻔﻗﻮﻟا هﺬﻫ دﺪﻌﺑو :مﻼﺳﻹا ﻲﻓ ﻖﻠﺨﻟا ﻦﺴﺣ:لﺎﻗ -ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻰﻠﺻ- ﻪﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر نأ -ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر- ﻪﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﺑ ﺮﺑﺎﺟ ﻦﻋﺎً ﺴﻠﺠﻣ ﻲﻨﻣ ﻢﻜﺑﺮﻗأو ﻲﻟإ ﻢﻜﺒﺣأ ﻦﻣ نإ«

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