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Edc Lab Manuals[1]

# Edc Lab Manuals[1]

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07/21/2013

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Ex. no: 1 VERIFICATION OF KVL AND KCL
Date:

AIM
To Verify Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws for a given circuit.
APPARATUS REQUIRED
S.No.Description TypeRangeQuantity
1Regulated PoweSupplyVariable(0-30)V12ResistorCarbon56033AmmeterMoving Coil(0-30)mA34VoltmeterMoving Coil(0-10)mV35Bread Board16Connecting wires
THEORY:OHM’S Law
Ohm's law
states that thecurrentthrough a conductor  between two points is directly proportionalto the potential differenceor voltageacross the two  points, and inversely proportional to theresistance  between them The mathematical equation that describes this relationshipWhere V is the potential difference measured
across
the resistance in units of volts;
I
is thecurrent through the resistance in units of amperesand
R
is theresistanceof the conductor in unitsof ohms.

Kirchhoff’s Current law
At any node (junction) in anelectrical circuit, the sum of currentsflowing into that node is equal to the sum of currents flowing out of that node.The current entering any junction is equal to the current leaving that junction.
i
1
+
i
4
=
i
2
+
i
3
Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law
The directed sum of the electrical potential differencesa round any closed circuit must be zeroThe sum of all the voltages around the loop is equal to zero. v
1
+ v
2
+ v
3
+ v
4
= 0
PROCEDUREOhms Law
1.Connections are made as per the circuit diagram2.Using the RPS, Source voltage is set3.Connect the ammeter in series with the resistors and measure the deflection of current.Measure the value of I1,I2,I3

4.Compare the measured value of current to the theoretical value. The Ohms law isverified by v = IR. The combined resistance measured from terminals A and B is given by Rab =r1+r2. Resistors in parallel is measured across terminals A and B is given byI/Rab = I/R1+I/R2. Equivalently Rab = R1.R2/(R1+R2)5.The above procedure is repeated by varying source voltage in steps at 5V to 30V
KIRCHOFFS CURRENT LAW
1.Connections are made as per the circuit diagram2.Using the regulated power Supply, Source voltage is set to 5V3.Deflections are shown in all the three ammeters4.Observe the readings of ammeter in each branch5.The kirchoffs current law is verified by I total = I1+I26.The above procedure is repeated by varying source voltage in steps at 5v to 30V
Kirchoff’s Voltage Law
1.Connections are made as per the circuit diagram2.Using the regulated power Supply, Source voltage is set to 5V3.Readings shown in all the three voltmeters are tabulated4.Kirchhoff’s Voltage law is verified by V= V1+v25.Measure the voltage across the each branch and tabulate the reading6.The above procedure is repeated by varying source voltage in steps at 5V to 30V