Content providers who potentially encounter bandwidth congestion issues may useservices specialized in distributing cached or static content. It is the case forcompanies with a major Internet presence.
Most online file storage services offer space on a per-gigabytebasis, andsometimes include a bandwidth cost component as well. Usually these will becharged monthly or yearly. Some companies offer the service for free, relying onadvertising revenue. Some hosting services do not place any limit on how muchspace your account can consume. Some services require a software downloadwhich makes files only available on computers which have that software installed,others allow users to retrieve files through any web browser. With the increasedinbox space offered bywebmailservices, many users have started using theirwebmail service as an online drive. Some sites offer free unlimited file storage buthave a limit on the file size.Increasingly, organizations are recognizing the benefits of co-locating their mission-critical equipment within a data centre. Colocation is becoming increasingly popularbecause of the time and cost savings a company can realize as a result of usingshared data centre infrastructure. Significant benefits of scale (large power andmechanical systems) result in large colocation facilities, typically 5,000-10,000 m²(50,000 to 100,000 square feet). With IT and communications facilities in safehands, telecommunications, Internet,ASPand content providers, as well asenterprises, enjoy less latency and the freedom to focus on their core business.Additionally, customers reduce their traffic back-haul costs and free up theirinternal networks for other uses. Moreover, when network traffic is outsourced to acolocation service provider with greaterbandwidthcapacity, web site access speedsimprove considerably.Major types of colocation customers are:
Web commerce companies, who use the facilities for a safe environment andcost-effective, redundant connections to the Internet
Major enterprises, who use the facility for disaster avoidance, offsite databackup and business continuity
Telecommunication companies, who use the facilities to interexchange trafficwith other telecommunications companies and access to potential clientsMostnetwork access pointfacilities provide colocation.
Most colocation centres offer different types of services to customers ranging fromdedicated suites/rooms or cages to smaller racks or partial racks. Some colocationcentres also offer some degree of service levelagreementsto support a wide range
of computer and network related services, for example, server reboots, hardwarereplacements and software updates.