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File Hosting

File Hosting

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Published by Premendra Yadaw
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Uploaded from Google Docs

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Premendra Yadaw on Apr 28, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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file hosting service
online file storage provider
, or
is anInternet hosting servicespecifically designed to host static content, typically largefiles that are not web pages. Typically they allowHTTPandFTPaccess. They can be optimized for serving many users (as is implied by the term "hosting") or beoptimized for single-user storage (as is implied by the term "storage"). Relatedservices are content-displaying hosting services (i.e.video,image, audio/music), virtualstorage, andremote backup.
[edit] Uses
[edit] Software file hosting
Authors of Shareware,FreewareandOpen Source /Free softwareoften use file hosting services to serve their software. The inherent problem with free downloadsis the huge bandwidth cost. To cover this cost, many sites intentionally delay thestarts of downloads and slow down downloading speeds in order to persuade a userto buy a premium, paid account on the site for better service, a practice muchcriticized by those who do not use these sites often. These hosts also offeradditional services to the authors such as statistics or other marketing features.
[edit] Personal file storage
Personal file storage services are aimed at private individuals, offering a sort of "network storage" for personal backup, file access, or file distribution. Users canupload their files and share them publicly or keep them password-protected.Prior to the advent of personal file storage services, off-site backup services werenot typically affordable for individual andsmallofficecomputer users. Sometimes people prefer hosting their files on a publicly accessible HTTP server. Inthis case, they generally choose paid hosting, and use their hosting for thispurpose. Many free hosting providers do not allow the storage of files for non-website-related use.
[edit] Content caching
Content providers who potentially encounter bandwidth congestion issues may useservices specialized in distributing cached or static content. It is the case forcompanies with a major Internet presence.[1]
[edit] Storage
Most online file storage services offer space on a per-gigabytebasis, andsometimes include a bandwidth cost component as well. Usually these will becharged monthly or yearly. Some companies offer the service for free, relying onadvertising revenue. Some hosting services do not place any limit on how muchspace your account can consume. Some services require a software downloadwhich makes files only available on computers which have that software installed,others allow users to retrieve files through any web browser. With the increasedinbox space offered bywebmailservices, many users have started using theirwebmail service as an online drive. Some sites offer free unlimited file storage buthave a limit on the file size.Increasingly, organizations are recognizing the benefits of co-locating their mission-critical equipment within a data centre. Colocation is becoming increasingly popularbecause of the time and cost savings a company can realize as a result of usingshared data centre infrastructure. Significant benefits of scale (large power andmechanical systems) result in large colocation facilities, typically 5,000-10,000 m²(50,000 to 100,000 square feet). With IT and communications facilities in safehands, telecommunications, Internet,ASPand content providers, as well asenterprises, enjoy less latency and the freedom to focus on their core business.Additionally, customers reduce their traffic back-haul costs and free up theirinternal networks for other uses. Moreover, when network traffic is outsourced to acolocation service provider with greaterbandwidthcapacity, web site access speedsimprove considerably.Major types of colocation customers are:
Web commerce companies, who use the facilities for a safe environment andcost-effective, redundant connections to the Internet
Major enterprises, who use the facility for disaster avoidance, offsite databackup and business continuity
Telecommunication companies, who use the facilities to interexchange trafficwith other telecommunications companies and access to potential clientsMostnetwork access pointfacilities provide colocation.
[edit] Services offered
Most colocation centres offer different types of services to customers ranging fromdedicated suites/rooms or cages to smaller racks or partial racks. Some colocationcentres also offer some degree of service levelagreementsto support a wide range of computer and network related services, for example, server reboots, hardwarereplacements and software updates.
There are a few key differences between a dedicated server and colocation servers.Dedicated servers tend to be owned and rented out, while a colocation server isone that the client owns.Some colocation centres feature a "meet - me - room" where the different carriershoused in the centre can efficiently exchange data. Mostpeeringpoints sit incolocation centres. These sites are often used forweb hosting. Most colocationcentres have high levels of physical security and multiple redundant power andhumidity/air-conditioning systems.Confusingly, one company can operate a colocation centre, another can provide thebandwidth, whereas a third company would rent a cage inside the centre, rentingout racks to hosting providers which would rent the servers themselves to actualclients. Any and all of those companies will claim ownership of the facility and willfeature photos and descriptions of it on their web sites. At the actual physicallocation various ID cards with various logos will be present, including those of thecompany that built/rents/owns the actual building.
[edit] One-click hosting
One-click hosting
generally describesweb servicesthat allowinternetusers to easily upload one or more files from theirhard drives(or from a remote location)onto the one-click host'sserverfree of charge.Most such services simply return aURLwhich can be given to other people, whocan then fetch the file later on. As of 2005these sites have drastically increased inpopularity, and subsequently, many of the smaller, less efficient sites have failed.Although one-click hosting can be used for many purposes, this type of file sharinghas, to a degree, come to compete withP 2 Pfilesharingservices.[2] The sites make money through advertising or charging for premium services suchas increased downloading capacity, removing any wait restrictions the site mayhave or prolonging how long uploaded files remain on the site. Many such sitesimplement aCAPTCHAto prevent automated downloading. Several programs aid indownloading files from these one-click hosters; examples areJDownloader,Tucan  ManagerandCryptLoad.
[edit] Use for copyright breaching
Main article:File sharingIn some cases, file hosting services have been used as a means todistribute orshare fileswithout consent of the copyright owner. In such cases one individualuploadsa file to a file hosting service, which others can thendownload. Views on this can be very diverse. For example in the case of Swiss - Germanfilehosting serviceRapidShare, the US government's congressional international anti-piracycaucusstated that the site was "overwhelmingly used for the globalexchange of illegal movies, music and other copyrighted works".[3]By contrast, inthe 2009 - 2010 legal case
in Germany,[4] theDüsseldorf higher regional court reached the conclusion on appeal that "mostpeople utilize RapidShare for legal use cases"[5]and that to assume otherwise

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