Today we’ll talk about Nosocomial Infections and Healthcare Epidemiology, chapter 12 from the text book
Let’s begin with some definitions:
is the study of the occurrence, of determinants and distribution of health and disease within healthcarefacilities, and includes any activities designed to improve patient careoutcomes.The primary focus of healthcare epidemiology is on infection control andthe prevention of healthcare- associated infectionsSo generally speaking, people can acquire two types of infections:1- There are diseases or infections that people acquire outside thehealthcare settings and these are called
and these aren’t the focused of these talk.2- You have infections that you can acquire during your stay at thehealth facilities such as a hospital or a clinic and these are called
and another common name for them is
Nosocomial Infections are very serious problem, for example, in theUnited States -which obviously has high standards with health care- evenin that country, out of 40 million people who end up being hospitalized,2 million people end up acquiring an infection during the hospital stayand many of these people end up with serious diseases and mightactually died from these type of infections.So there are certain strains of bacteria more commonly associated withnosocomial infections and I want you to memorize these names. So wehave bacteria that are Gram-positive and Gram-negative that cause thesetypes of infections and
we’ll begin with the Gram-positive ones We have Staphylococcusaureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, and Enterococcus spp.