The Wireless Planning and Coordination (WPC) Wing in the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (Department of Telecommunication)created in 1952 is responsible for Spectrum Management, Wireless licencing andfrequency assignments. WPC is divided into major sections like Licensing andRegulation (LR), New Technology Group (NTG) and the standing Advisory Committeeon Radio Frequency Allocation (SACFA). SACFA makes the recommendations onmajor frequency allocation issues, formulation of the frequency allocation plan andmaking recommendations on various issues related to the ITU to sort out the problemsreferred to the Advisory Committee by various wireless users.
The National Frequency Allocation Plan (NFAP)–1981 forms the basis for identification of the frequency bands to be allocated for various major users, Spectrumutilization and development and manufacturing of wireless equipment in the country.The NFAP was earlier officially considered as a classified document. But the NewTelecom Policy 1999 decided that it should be made a public document and theSpectrum allocation should be made in a transparent manner. On 1
January, 2000the DoT made the NFAP a public document after due consultations with all thestakeholders. The NFAP is reviewed periodically by the DoT and currently the NFAP,2008 is in vogue. The Plan contains the service options in various frequency bandsfor India and also provides the channeling plan in different bands. Frequency bandsallocated for certain types of radio services in India are as under:
Frequency Band Services
(i) 9 KHZ - 525 KHZ -Martine, Aeronautical Navigation, MediumWave Broadcasting(ii) 525-1625 kHz -Marine and Aeronautical Navigation, short wave broadcasting, Amateur (Hour) radio andCordless Phones.(iii) 1.6-30 MHz - Fixed, Mobile, Maritime, Broadcasting(iv) 30 -87.5 MHz -Fixed Mobile , Broadcasting, Aeronautical Navigation(v) 87.5 - 108 MHz - FM radio(vi) 109 - 173 MHz -Aeronautical Mobile (R ), Radio Navigation andOutdoor Broadcast vans.(vii) 174 - 230 MHz - Television Broadcasting(viii) 230 - 450 MHz -Radio Astronomy, Fixed Mobile Aeronautical,Radio Navigation, Radio Pegging