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Policy to Use Cash and Vouchers Tranfers to Housholds in Response to Emergencies

Policy to Use Cash and Vouchers Tranfers to Housholds in Response to Emergencies

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Published by Kwasi Adarkwa
By Kwasi Adarkwa
By Kwasi Adarkwa

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Kwasi Adarkwa on Apr 28, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/30/2013

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INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RESEARCHPOLICY ANALYSIS ISDS 606TERM PAPEREX-ANTE ANALYSIS OF
POLICY TO USE CASH AND VOUCHERS TRANFERS TO HOUSHOLDS INRESPONSE TO EMERGENCIES
 MARCH 31,2011
ADARKWA EBENEZER 10359072--------
 
Table of Content Contents
Table of Content ................................................................................................................................ 21.0 BACKGROUND ............................................................................................................................. 3
1.1 Policy context
.............................................................................................................................. 3
1.2 Goals and Objectives
.................................................................................................................... 3
1.3 Political, Economic and Stakeholder Analysis
............................................................................... 32.0 PROBLEM DEFINITION ................................................................................................................. 4
2.1 Policy Problem
............................................................................................................................ 4
2.2 Analyst Problem
........................................................................................................................... 53.0 METHODOLOGY ........................................................................................................................... 5
3.1 Research Design
.......................................................................................................................... 5
3.2 Sampling
..................................................................................................................................... 5
3.3 Analysis
....................................................................................................................................... 64.0 FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS .......................................................................................... 6
4.1 Findings
....................................................................................................................................... 6
4.2 Strategies for implementations
..................................................................................................... 6
4.3 Institutional capacity
................................................................................................................... 6
4.4 Cost factors
................................................................................................................................. 6
4.5 Risks and Threats
........................................................................................................................ 7
4.6 Delivery Mechanism
.................................................................................................................... 7
4.7 Key Policy Positions
.................................................................................................................... 7
5.8 Evaluation Criteria
...................................................................................................................... 7
4.9 Alternative Policy options
............................................................................................................ 8
References…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...8
 
1.0 BACKGROUND
1.1 Policy context 
 
Overt the last few years there have been many instances around the world where levels of andincidence of poverty have increased in conditions of economic growth. For instance between2007- 2009 the number of people around the world who were classified as poor increasedfrom 750m to 820m (WDR, 2010). This increase in the number of people living in extremepoverty was caused by some shock factors that dragged households that were relatively better–off back into poverty.One of the main pointers of extreme poverty is the level of vulnerability that are associatedwith poor groups in times of extreme stress event such as drought , floods, crop failure andloss of income. According to the Ghana Living Standard Survey round five (GLSS5), thepoverty index among Ghanaians is as high as 29% in 2006 (GSS, 2008). Out of this povertylevel the incidence of extreme poverty among Ghanaians is around 18% (GSS, 2006). Amongthe extremely poor section of society vulnerability is a veritable threat to livelihoods andliving standards. There real risks associated with vulnerability among the poor are the dangerof a relatively stable household falling into extreme poverty groups where sustenancebecomes a problem.To help alleviate and lessen the effect of vulnerability among the very poor in danger of falling into extreme poverty, many policies have been implemented to prevent vulnerabilityand slip back into poverty. Many social protection policies take the form of transfers of materials and resources (the so called in-kind transfers) into households (Tabor, 2002). Oneof the new forms of social protection programmes is the introduction of cash vouchertransfers into households that are vulnerable in situations of severe shocks. These shocks aresudden unexpected events that directly affect the ability of households to access the goodsand services that will enable them to live above the poverty threshold. Cash transfers throughvarious measures are seen as a way of providing respite through hard times. This could be acrucial tool to consolidate the gains made in poverty reduction (Shaik, 2005).
1.2 Goals and Objectives
To achieve this super goal some objectives are required to be achieved
 
Maintain the level of consumption of households in emergency situation
 
prevent families from falling further into poverty in the event of an adverseshock 
 
Prevent vulnerable households from selling critical livelihood assets to fundcurrent consumption
 
Prevent disinvestment in human resource by households such as withdrawal of children from school during and the aftermath of emergencies or shocks.
 
Provide a platform for vulnerable households to recover from the emergency.
1.3 Political, Economic and Stakeholder Analysis
A stated objective of state policy is to improve the livelihoods and living conditions of Ghanaians as well as eradicate poverty. This desire to improve the living conditions of Ghanaians is capture by the various development plans and policies implemented throughthe Ghana poverty Reduction strategies (GPRS I &II) (GoG, 2003). For this reason there is

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