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Jan Lokpal Bill

Jan Lokpal Bill

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Published by monuaryan
Jan Lokpal Bill
Jan Lokpal Bill

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Published by: monuaryan on Apr 29, 2011
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02/15/2012

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Jan Lokpal Bill1
Jan Lokpal Bill
In India, the
Jan Lokpal Bill
(Citizen's ombudsman Bill) is a draft anti-corruption bill that would create a JanLokpal, an independent body like the Election Commission, which would have the power to prosecute politiciansand bureaucrats without government permission.
[1]
The bill was drafted by Shanti Bhushan, former IPS Kiran Bedi, Justice N. Santosh Hegde, advocate PrashantBhushan, former chief election commissioner J. M. Lyngdoh in consultation with the leaders of the India AgainstCorruption movement and civil society. The bill proposes the institution of the office of Lokpal (Ombudsman) at thecenter and the Lokayukta at the state level. The Jan Lokpal Bill is designed to create an effective anti-corruption andgrievance redressal system to assure that an effective deterrent is created against corruption and to provide effectiveprotection to whistleblowers.
[2]
 
[3]
The Lokpal Bill drafted by the government has failed to pass the Rajya Sabha for 42 years.
[4]
The first Lokpal Billwas passed in the 4th Lok Sabha in 1969 but could not get through in the Rajya Sabha. Subsequently, Lokpal billswere introduced in 1971, 1977, 1985, 1989, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2005 and in 2008. However, no bill has yet beenpassed.
[5]
Background
The movement for Jan Lokpal Bill started due to the resentment because of the serious differences between the draftLokpal Bill 2010 prepared by the government and the Jan Lokpal Bill prepared by the members of this movement,
[6]
which has received significant public support. Supporters of the bill consider existing laws to be too weak andinsufficiently enforced to stop corruption.
Key features of proposed bill
1.A central government anti-corruption institution called "Lokpal", supported by state institutions called"Lokayukta" will be set up2.Like the Supreme Court and the Election Commission, they will be completely independent of the governments.No minister or bureaucrat will be able to influence their investigations.3.Members will be appointed by judges, private citizens, and constitutional authorities through a transparent andparticipatory process.4.Investigations in each case will have to be completed in one year. Trials should be completed in the followingyear, meaning the total process will take place within two years.5.Any loss that a corrupt person caused to the government will be recovered at the time of conviction.6.Help to common citizen: If any work of any citizen is not done in prescribed time in any government office,Lokpal will impose financial penalty on guilty officers, which will be given as compensation to the complainant.7.Any complaint against any officer of Lokpal shall be investigated and, if found to be substantive, will result in thethe officer being dismissed within two months.8.The existing anti-corruption agencies (CVC, departmental vigilance and the anti-corruption branch of CBI) willbe merged into Lokpal. Lokpal will have complete powers and authority to independently investigate andprosecute any officer, judge or politician.9.The agency will also provide protection to whistleblowers who alert it of potential corruption cases.
 
Jan Lokpal Bill2
Protests
A group of Delhi residents dressed in white shirts and t-shirts took a four-hour drive around the city on March 13,2011 to support a campaign against corruption and the Jan Lokpal Bill.
[7]
On April 5, 2011, anti-corruption activist Anna Hazare began a fast unto death till Jan Lokpal Bill enacted.
[8]
Around6,000 Mumbai residents also started a one-day fast to support the demand for implementation of the Jan LokpalBill.
[9]
Protesters have chosen yellow as the color of protests. They were seen wearing yellow dresses, T shirts andhaving yellow banners. Protesters in different cities are co-ordinating to observe Yellow Sunday.Hazare also announced plans to start a Jail Bharo Andolan protest on 13th April, 2011
[10]
if the Jan Lokpal bill isnot passed by the government. Hazare stated that his group has received six crore (60 million) SMSes in itssupport.
[11]
He is further supported by a large number of Internet activists.The protests are not political in nature. Political leaders were discouraged by Hazare supporters from joining in hisprotests, as Hazare indicated his belief that these parties were using the campaign for their own politicaladvantage.
[12]
Political support
The response of prominent political parties and leaders is:Bhartya Janta Party have extended support to the bill.
[13]
The principal opposition demanded that the Centreconvene an all-party meeting to discuss the Jan Lokpal Bill.
[14]
RLD chief Ajit Singh today expressed support to the anti-corruption campaign.
[15]
People's party of Punjab - Former Punjab finance minister Manpreet Singh Badal
[16]
Government response
The government has stated that it has not received the proposed bill copy. After the
fast unto death
was announcedby Anna Hazare, he was invited for talks by the PM, but the PM said the government has no time till May 13.
[17]
Todissuade Hazare from going on an indefinite fast, the Prime Minister's Office have directed the ministries of personnel and law to examine how the views of civil society activists can be included in the Lokpal bill.
[18]
On the 5th April 2011, the National Advisory Council rejected the Lokpal bill draft of the government. UnionHuman Resource Development Minister Kapil Sibal met social activists Swami Agnivesh and Arvind Kejriwal on 7April to find ways to bridge differences on the bill.
[19]
Hazare's fast was supported by CPI(M). Politburo of CPI(M)issued a statement for demanding effective lokpal bill.On the 8th April 2011, after several rounds of talks, Anna Hazare announced to his supporters that the Governmenthad agreed to all his demands and he would break his fast on Saturday morning. According to the understandingreached, 5 of the 10-member joint-draft committeee would be civil society members. Pranab Mukherjee would bethe Chairman of the draft committee and Shanti Bhushan will be the Co-Chairman.
[20]
 
Jan Lokpal Bill3
Criticisms for the Jan Lokpal Bill
Some people have expressed the opinion that the Jan Lokpal Bill is 'naive' in its approach towards combatingcorruption. According to Pratap Bhanu Mehta, President, Center for Policy Research, Delhi, the bill "is premised onan institutional imagination that is at best naïve; at worst subversive of representative democracy".
[21]
References
[1]Dandi March 2 for Jan Lokpal Bill - Hindustan Times (http://www.hindustantimes.
 
com/Dandi-March-2-for-Jan-Lokpal-Bill/ Article1-678094.
 
aspx)[2]"Activists Take Out March to Demand Jan Lokpal Bill" (http://news.outlookindia.
 
com/item.
 
aspx?710304).
Outlook (magazine)
. Jan 30,2011. .[3]"Hazare fears govt may block Lokpal Bill" (http://articles.
 
timesofindia.
 
indiatimes.
 
com/2011-03-17/nagpur/ 29138370_1_lokpal-bill-gandhian-anna-hazare-agitation).
The Times of India
. Mar 17, 2011. .[4]City activists garner support for Jan Lokpal bill - Hindustan Times (http://www.hindustantimes.
 
com/ City-activists-garner-support-for-Jan-Lokpal-bill/Article1-673145.
 
aspx)[5]"Lokpal bill to cover PM" (http://ibnlive.
 
in.
 
com/news/lokpal-bill-to-cover-pm/135533-3.
 
html).
CNN-IBN 
. Nov 21, 2010. .[6]"Lokpal Bill: Govt version vs civil society version" (http://timesofindia.
 
indiatimes.
 
com/articleshow/7892134.
 
cms).
The Times of India
. 7April 2011. . Retrieved 7 April 2011.[7]"Drive around Delhi to demand strong Lokpal Bill" (http://www.webcitation.
 
org/5xi4nNr1v).
Sify News
. 13 March 2011. Archived fromthe original (http://www.
 
sify.
 
com/news/drive-around-delhi-to-demand-strong-lokpal-bill-news-national-ldnuaeejieb.
 
html) on 5 April2011. . Retrieved 5 April 2011.[8]"Anna Hazare announces fast unto death till Jan Lokpal Bill enacted" (http://www.
 
webcitation.
 
org/5xi4sP1kB).
The Economic Times
. 4April 2011. Archived from the original (http://economictimes.
 
indiatimes.
 
com/news/politics/nation/ anna-hazare-announces-fast-unto-death-till-jan-lokpal-bill-enacted/articleshow/7868097.
 
cms) on 5 April 2011. . Retrieved 5 April 2011.[9]"Mumbai to join Hazare
s fast today for Jan Lokpal" (http://www.
 
webcitation.
 
org/5xi599Dzh).
The Indian Express
. 5 April 2011.Archived from the original (http://www.
 
indianexpress.
 
com/news/mumbai-to-join-hazares-fast-today-for-jan-lokpal/771505/) on 5 April2011. . Retrieved 5 April 2011.[10]"Anna Hazare announces jail bharo movement on April 13" (http://www.
 
indianexpress.
 
com/news/ hazare-announces-jail-bharo-movement-on-april-13/773470/).
 Indian Express
. 8 April 2011. . Retrieved 8 April 2011.[11]Anna Hazare: I asked PM whether his team shares his values - Forbes India (http://www.
 
moneycontrol.
 
com/news/features/ anna-hazarei-asked-pm-whether-his-team-shares-his-values_533105.html)[12]Hazare fast: people heckle, chase out politicos - Politics - Politics News - ibnlive (http://ibnlive.
 
in.
 
com/news/ politicos-heckled-not-allowed-to-meet-hazare/148450-37-64.
 
html?from=hp)[13]BJP extends support to Hazare
s fast on anti-graft bill (http://www.
 
inewsone.
 
com/2011/04/04/ bjp-extends-support-to-hazares-fast-on-anti-graft-bill/40997)[14]The Hindu : News / National : BJP seeks all-party meet on Lokpal Bill (http://www.
 
thehindu.
 
com/news/national/article1602174.
 
ece)[15]http://economictimes.
 
indiatimes.
 
com/news/politics/nation/india-against-corruption-ajit-singh-supports-anna-hazares-campaign/ articleshow/7899211.
 
cms[16]http://ibnlive.
 
in.
 
com/generalnewsfeed/news/pass-jan-lokpal-bill-in-next-parliament-session-manpreet/641041.
 
html[17]What is Jan Lokpal Bill? | Sumit Gupta (aka sumit4all) (http://www.
 
sumit4all.com/politics/what-is-jan-lokpal-bill)[18]Find ways to include activists' opinion: PMO - Hindustan Times (http://www.
 
hindustantimes.
 
com/ Find-ways-to-include-activists-opinion-PMO/Article1-671509.
 
aspx)[19]Hazare fast: Sibal meets Agnivesh, Kejriwal to pursue constructive dialogue | TruthDive (http://truthdive.
 
com/2011/04/07/ Hazare-fast-Sibal-meets-Agnivesh-Kejriwal-to-pursue-constructive-dialogue.
 
html)[20]http://www.
 
hindu.
 
com/2011/04/09/stories/2011040962090100.
 
htm[21]"Of the few, by the few version" (http://www.
 
indianexpress.
 
com/news/of-the-few-by-the-few/772773/0).
The Indian Express
. 7 April2011. . Retrieved 8 April 2011.

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