Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Posterior Cruciate Ligament - Purpose of the PCL and How It is Injured

Posterior Cruciate Ligament - Purpose of the PCL and How It is Injured

Ratings: (0)|Views: 2 |Likes:
Published by drbraceco

More info:

Published by: drbraceco on Apr 29, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Posterior Cruciate Ligament - Purpose of thePCL and How it is Injured
The femur (thighbone/upper bone of the leg) and the tibia (shinbone/leg bone) make up the knee joint. The ligaments are the strong tissues that fasten them together. Two cruciate ligaments areheld in the middle of the knee joint. One of these is the Posterior Cruciate Ligament, abbreviatedas PCL, while the other is the Anterior Cruciate Ligament or the ACL.PCL prevents the tibia from moving too far under the femur and it is the knee's basic stabilizer; itis also stronger than the ACL. Rotation of the knee is made possible due to the central axis that is provided by the PCL.PCL injuries rarely occur and rarely diagnosed. There may be many causes of PCL injury. Itusually occurs during a football game or any other outdoor game. It can also occur when one isinvolved in a car or automobile accident. When someone falls on the bent knee, the shinbonefirst strikes the ground and then moves backward, causing PCL injury. In car accidents, theshinbone can be driven backwards on the bent knee. Hyperextension or bending too far can alsocause damage to the PCL.PCL can get injured along with other ligaments like the ACL and MCL. The patient would feelsevere pain and swelling right after injury. The knee swells up because PCL is related to thetubes which carry blood. The knee may become rigid and may make the patient limp. The patientwould also be unable to move the knee. Instability is very common in PCL injury while movingthe knee from side to side or while rotating it.The physician may carry out many tests to diagnose the PCL rupture. X-rays and MagneticResonance Imagining (MRI) may help to diagnose the injury and to find out whether other ligaments get injured or not. Non-surgical treatment includes R.I.C.E. (Rest, Ice, Compressionand Elevation) which may help to reduce the pain and swelling. Patients may use crutches andlong-leg braces for support for a few days or weeks depending on the nature of injury and the pain you are suffering from.Surgery is most often not required in PCL injuries. However, it is recommended when other ligaments are also injured. The process of rehabilitation is followed before surgery. By followingit, surgeons face few complications during surgery and patients usually do not complaint aboutinstability after surgery. The patient returns to sport activities and other daily routine activitieswithout any support of crutches and long-leg braces when quadriceps muscles are nearly back tonormal routine.Anyone having these symptoms should visit the doctor or athletic trainer immediately for further evaluation.The Brace Super Store

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->