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Law of Mother Earth Bolivia

Law of Mother Earth Bolivia

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Published by rahul banerjee
An English Translation of the Law by Meical abAwen an American Environmental Scientist.
An English Translation of the Law by Meical abAwen an American Environmental Scientist.

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Categories:Types, Research, Law
Published by: rahul banerjee on Apr 30, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Legislative Assembly of the Multi-National State of BoliviaDECREE
Law of Rights of Mother Earth
 Chapter 1
Objective and PrinciplesArticle 1. (Objective). The present Law has as its objective the recognition of the rights of Mother Earth, as well as the obligations and duties of the Multi-national State and of itsSociety, to guarantee respect of these rights.Article 2. (First Principles). The First Principles which govern the current law, and withwhich compliance is an obligation, are:1. Harmony. Human activities, in the framework of plurality and diversity, should achievedynamic balance with the cycles and processes inherent to Mother Earth.2. Collective Good. Societal interests, in the framework of the rights of Mother Earth, prevailin all human activity and over any other acquired rights.3. Guarantee of Regeneration of Mother Earth. The State, at its varying levels, and society, inharmony with the common interest, should guarantee the conditions necessary for the diverseliving systems of Mother Earth to absorb damages, adapt to disturbances, and regenerateitself without significant alteration to its structure and functionality, realizing that livingsystems have limits in their abilities to regenerate themselves, and that humanity has limits inits ability to reverse its effects.4. Respect and Defense of the Rights of Mother Earth. The State and any other individual orcollective persons shall respect, protect and guarantee the rights of Mother Earth for the well-being of existing and future generations.5. No Commercialization. That life systems cannot be commercialized, nor the processes thatsustain them, nor form part of the private inheritance of anyone.6. Multi-cultural. The exercise of the rights of Mother Earth requires the understanding,recovery, respect, protection and dialogue of the diversity of sensitivities, values, knowledge,understandings, practices, abilities, transcendences, sciences, technologies and standards, of all the world cultures that seek harmonious coexistence with the natural world.Chapter II
Mother Earth, Definition and CharacterizationArticle 3. (Mother Earth) Mother Earth is the living dynamic system comprised of the inter-related, interdependent and complementary indivisible community of all life systems andliving beings that share a common destiny.Mother Earth is considered to be sacred, as per the cosmologies of the nations of ruralindigenous peoples.Article 4. (Life Systems) They are complex and dynamic communities of plants, animals,micro-organisms and other beings in their entirety, in which human communities and the restof nature interact as a functional unit, under the influence of climatic, physiographic andgeologic factors, as well as the productive practices and cultural diversity of Bolivians of both genders, and the cosmologies of the nations of rural indigenous peoples, the interculturalcommunities and the Afro-Bolivians.
Article 5. (Legal Character of Mother Earth) In order to be protected and for the teaching of her rights, Mother Earth adopts the characteristics of collective rights of publicinterest. Mother Earth and all its components, including human communities, are owners of 
the rights inherently understood in this Law. The application of Mother Earth’s rights shall
take into account the specificities and particularities of its diverse components. Those rightsestablished in this Law do not limit the existence of other rights of Mother Earth.Article 6. (Exercise of the Rights of Mother Earth) All Bolivians of either gender, as part of the community of beings which comprise Mother Earth, exercise the rights established in thisLaw, in a manner that is compatible with individual and collective rights.The exercise of individual rights is limited by the exercise of collective rights of the livingsystems of Mother Earth, any conflict among these shall be resolved in a manner that doesnot irreversibly affect the functionality of those living systems.Chapter III
Rights of Mother EarthArticle 7. (Rights of Mother Earth)I. Mother Earth has the following rights:1. To Life: It is the right to the maintenance of the integrity of living systems and naturalprocesses which sustain them, as well as the capacities and conditions for their renewal.2. To the diversity of life: It is the right to the preservation of the differentiation and varietyof the beings that comprise Mother Earth, without being genetically altered, nor artificiallymodified in their structure, in such a manner that threatens their existence, functioning andfuture potential.3. To Water: It is the right of the functionality of the water cycles, of its existence andquantity, and the quality necessary to sustain living systems, and their protection with regardsto contamination, for renewal of the life of Mother Earth and all its components.4. To Clean Air: It is the right of the preservation of the quality and composition of airtosustain living systems and their protection with regards to contamination, for renewal of thelife of Mother Earth and all its components.5. To Balance: It is the right to maintenance or restoration of the inter-relation,interdependence, ability to complement and functionality of the components of Mother Earth,in a balanced manner for the continuation of its cycles and the renewal of its vital processes.6. To Restoration: It is the right to the effective and opportune restoration of its livingsystems affected by direct or indirect human activities.7. To live Free of Contamination: It is the right for preservation of Mother Earth and any of its components with regards to toxic and radioactive wastes generated by human activities.Chapter IV
Obligations of the State and Social DutiesArticle 8. (Obligations of the Multi-national State) The Multi-national State, at all its levelsand all its territories, and across all its institutions and authorities, has the followingobligations:1. Develop public policies and systematic preventive actions, early alert, protection andprevention, to avoid human activities that lead to extinction of populations, the alteration of 

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