Legislative Assembly of the Multi-National State of BoliviaDECREE
Law of Rights of Mother Earth
Objective and PrinciplesArticle 1. (Objective). The present Law has as its objective the recognition of the rights of Mother Earth, as well as the obligations and duties of the Multi-national State and of itsSociety, to guarantee respect of these rights.Article 2. (First Principles). The First Principles which govern the current law, and withwhich compliance is an obligation, are:1. Harmony. Human activities, in the framework of plurality and diversity, should achievedynamic balance with the cycles and processes inherent to Mother Earth.2. Collective Good. Societal interests, in the framework of the rights of Mother Earth, prevailin all human activity and over any other acquired rights.3. Guarantee of Regeneration of Mother Earth. The State, at its varying levels, and society, inharmony with the common interest, should guarantee the conditions necessary for the diverseliving systems of Mother Earth to absorb damages, adapt to disturbances, and regenerateitself without significant alteration to its structure and functionality, realizing that livingsystems have limits in their abilities to regenerate themselves, and that humanity has limits inits ability to reverse its effects.4. Respect and Defense of the Rights of Mother Earth. The State and any other individual orcollective persons shall respect, protect and guarantee the rights of Mother Earth for the well-being of existing and future generations.5. No Commercialization. That life systems cannot be commercialized, nor the processes thatsustain them, nor form part of the private inheritance of anyone.6. Multi-cultural. The exercise of the rights of Mother Earth requires the understanding,recovery, respect, protection and dialogue of the diversity of sensitivities, values, knowledge,understandings, practices, abilities, transcendences, sciences, technologies and standards, of all the world cultures that seek harmonious coexistence with the natural world.Chapter II
Mother Earth, Definition and CharacterizationArticle 3. (Mother Earth) Mother Earth is the living dynamic system comprised of the inter-related, interdependent and complementary indivisible community of all life systems andliving beings that share a common destiny.Mother Earth is considered to be sacred, as per the cosmologies of the nations of ruralindigenous peoples.Article 4. (Life Systems) They are complex and dynamic communities of plants, animals,micro-organisms and other beings in their entirety, in which human communities and the restof nature interact as a functional unit, under the influence of climatic, physiographic andgeologic factors, as well as the productive practices and cultural diversity of Bolivians of both genders, and the cosmologies of the nations of rural indigenous peoples, the interculturalcommunities and the Afro-Bolivians.