the household, including children, should play a part in the family's responseand recovery efforts. Teach your child how to recognize danger signals. Makesure your child knows what smoke detectors, fire alarms and local communitywarning systems (horns, sirens) sound like. Explain how to call for help. Teachyour child how and when to call for help. Check the telephone directory forlocal emergency phone numbers and post these phone numbers by all telephones. Ifyou live in a 9-1-1-service area, tell your child to call 9-1-1.Help your child memorize important family information. Children should memorizetheir family name, address and phone number. They should also know where tomeet in case of an emergency. Some children may not be old enough to memorizethe information. They could carry a small index card that lists emergencyinformation to give to an adult or babysitter.AFTER THE DISASTER: TIME FOR RECOVERYImmediately after the disaster, try to reduce your child's fear and anxiety.Keep the family together. While you look for housing and assistance, you maywant to leave your children with relatives or friends. Instead, keep the familytogether as much as possible and make children a part of what you are doing toget the family back on its feet. Children get anxious, and they'll worry thattheir parents won't return. Calmly and firmly explain the situation. As best asyou can, tell children what you know about the disaster. Explain what willhappen next. For example, say, "Tonight, we will all stay together in theshelter." Get down to the child's eye level and talk to them. Encouragechildren to talk. Let children talk about the disaster and ask questions asmuch as they want. Encourage children to describe what they're feeling. Listento what they say. If possible, include the entire family in the discussion.Include children in recovery activities. Give children chores that are theirresponsibility. This will help children feel they are part of the recovery.Having a task will help them understand that everything will be all right. Youcan help children cope by understanding what causes their anxieties and fears.Reassure them with firmness and love. Your children will realize that life willeventually return to normal. If a child does not respond to the abovesuggestions, seek help from a mental health specialist or a member of theclergy.The Federal Emergency Management Agency's Community and Family PreparednessProgram developed this brochure in cooperation with the American Red Cross'Community Disaster Education Program. Both are national efforts to help peopleprepare for disasters of all types. For more information on how to prepare forand respond to disaster, contact your local or State office of emergencymanagement and your local Red Cross chapter. Ask for "Your Family DisasterPlan. Or, write to: FEMA, P.O. Box 70274, Washington, D.C. 20024.DISASTER PREPAREDNESS FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIESBeing prepared for emergencies can reduce the fear, panic, and inconveniencethat surrounds a disaster. Check for hazards in the home. During and right aftera disaster, ordinary items in the home can cause injury or damage. Anythingthat can move, fall, break or cause fire is a home hazard. Check for items suchas bookcases, hanging pictures, or overhead lights that could fall in anearthquake or a flood and block an escape path. Be ready to evacuate. Have aplan for getting out of your home or building (ask your family or friends forassistance, if necessary). Also, plan two evacuation routes because some roadsmay be closed or blocked in a disaster. Have disaster supplies on hand.Flashlight with extra batteries. Portable, battery-operated radio and extrabatteries. First aid kit and manual. Emergency food and water. Nonelectric canopener.