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Disinfecting and Survival After the Flood 2008

Disinfecting and Survival After the Flood 2008

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Published by: MosySpeed on Apr 30, 2011
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DISINFECTING AFTER THE FLOODWASHINGTON, Dec. 6 /PRNewswire/ Flood waters often contain very high levels ofbacteria, which is why disinfecting surfaces that have come in contact withflood waters is so important. The Clorox Company offers the followinginformation from its disinfecting experts.Disinfecting Contaminated SurfacesDisinfect hard surfaces -- floors, walls and counters -- that may have beencontaminated by flood waters. Use this same solution for dishes, glass, andplasticware.Disinfection Guidelines:Remove loose dirt and debris from surfaces; Wash down area with a solution of3/4 cup Clorox liquid bleach per gallon of water; Keep wet for 2 minutes andrinse. Clorox household liquid bleach is registered with the U.S. EnvironmentalProtection Agency as a disinfectant that kills common bacteria.In the BathroomTo reduce odors that may result from sewage backup: Flush toilet; pour 1 cupClorox liquid bleach into the the bowl; Brush entire bowl and let solution standfor 10 minutes; flush again Bleach eliminates odors and kills germs.ClothingWashable, colorfast clothing and linens should be washed as soon as possible toprevent mold and mildew and to disinfect laundry.Exterior CleanupExcessive mold and mildew growth is common after flooding. To remove moldand mildew from washable and colorfast exterior surfaces that may have beensaturated by flood waters, follow these directions:Outdoor Cleaning instructionsRemove loose dirt and debris from affected surface with a power hose; Keepsurface wet with a solution of 3/4 cup Clorox liquid bleach per gallon of waterfor 5-15 minutes; Rinse thoroughly with power hose to remove any residue,Children's toys, play equipment and outdoor furniture in contact with floodwaters also should be disinfected before use.Food HandlingBe sure to dispose of any food items that may have come in contact withflood waters, even canned goods. Household liquid bleach is a safe, inexpensiveand effective product that can be used in a variety of areas around the home toclean up after flood contamination. And used according to label directions,Clorox liquid bleach is safe for the environment, breaking down primarily intosalt and water. For more information contact Sandy Sullivan at 510-271-7732, orMelanie Miller at 202-638-1200, both for Clorox. You may also write to theFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), P.O. Box 70274, Washington, DC 20024and request a copy of "Your Family Disaster Plan" and "Your Family DisasterSupplies Kit." Your local American Red Cross chapter also has disasterpreparedness information available. 12/6/95
 Helping Children Cope with DisasterEarthquakes...Tornadoes...Fires...Floods...Hurricanes...Hazardous MaterialsSpillsDisaster may strike quickly and without warning. These events can befrightening for adults, but they are traumatic for children if they don't knowwhat to do.During a disaster, your family may have to leave your home and daily routine.Children may become anxious, confused or frightened. As an adult, you'll needto cope with the disaster in a way that will help children avoid developing apermanent sense of loss. It is important to give children guidance that willhelp them reduce their fears.The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the American Red Cross haveprepared this brochure to help you help your children cope. Ultimately, youshould decide what's best for your children, but consider using thesesuggestions as guidelines.Children and Their Response to DisasterChildren depend on daily routines: They wake up, eat breakfast, go to school,play with friends. When emergencies or disasters interrupt this routine,children may become anxious.In a disaster, they'll look to you and other adults for help. How you react toan emergency gives them clues on how to act. If you react with alarm, a childmay become more scared. They see our fear as proof that the danger is real. Ifyou seem overcome with a sense of loss, a child may feel their losses morestrongly. Children's fears also may stem from their imagination, and you shouldtake these feelings seriously. A child who feels afraid is afraid. Your wordsand actions can provide reassurance. When talking with your child, be sure topresent a realistic picture that is both honest and manageable. Feeling or fearare healthy and natural for adults and children. But as an adult, you need tokeep control of the situation. When you're sure that danger has passed,concentrate on your child's emotional needs by asking the child what's uppermostin his or her mind. Having children participate in the family's recoveryactivities will help them feel that their life will return to "normal." Yourresponse during this time may have a lasting impact. Be aware that after adisaster, children are most afraid that the event will happen again. Someonewill be injured or killed. They will be separated from the family. They will beleft alone.Advice to Parents: Prepare for DisasterYou can create a Family Disaster Plan by taking four simple steps. First, learnwhat hazards exist in your community and how to prepare for each. Then meetwith your family to discuss what you would do, as a group, in each situation.Next, take steps to prepare your family for disaster such as: posting emergencyphone numbers, selecting an out-of-state family contact, assembling disastersupplies kits for each member of your household and installing smoke detectorson each level of your home. Finally, practice your Family Disaster Plan so thateveryone will remember what to do when a disaster does occur.Develop and practice a Family Disaster Plan. Contact your local emergencymanagement or civil defense office, or your local Red Cross chapter formaterials that describe how your family can create a disaster plan. Everyone in
the household, including children, should play a part in the family's responseand recovery efforts. Teach your child how to recognize danger signals. Makesure your child knows what smoke detectors, fire alarms and local communitywarning systems (horns, sirens) sound like. Explain how to call for help. Teachyour child how and when to call for help. Check the telephone directory forlocal emergency phone numbers and post these phone numbers by all telephones. Ifyou live in a 9-1-1-service area, tell your child to call 9-1-1.Help your child memorize important family information. Children should memorizetheir family name, address and phone number. They should also know where tomeet in case of an emergency. Some children may not be old enough to memorizethe information. They could carry a small index card that lists emergencyinformation to give to an adult or babysitter.AFTER THE DISASTER: TIME FOR RECOVERYImmediately after the disaster, try to reduce your child's fear and anxiety.Keep the family together. While you look for housing and assistance, you maywant to leave your children with relatives or friends. Instead, keep the familytogether as much as possible and make children a part of what you are doing toget the family back on its feet. Children get anxious, and they'll worry thattheir parents won't return. Calmly and firmly explain the situation. As best asyou can, tell children what you know about the disaster. Explain what willhappen next. For example, say, "Tonight, we will all stay together in theshelter." Get down to the child's eye level and talk to them. Encouragechildren to talk. Let children talk about the disaster and ask questions asmuch as they want. Encourage children to describe what they're feeling. Listento what they say. If possible, include the entire family in the discussion.Include children in recovery activities. Give children chores that are theirresponsibility. This will help children feel they are part of the recovery.Having a task will help them understand that everything will be all right. Youcan help children cope by understanding what causes their anxieties and fears.Reassure them with firmness and love. Your children will realize that life willeventually return to normal. If a child does not respond to the abovesuggestions, seek help from a mental health specialist or a member of theclergy.The Federal Emergency Management Agency's Community and Family PreparednessProgram developed this brochure in cooperation with the American Red Cross'Community Disaster Education Program. Both are national efforts to help peopleprepare for disasters of all types. For more information on how to prepare forand respond to disaster, contact your local or State office of emergencymanagement and your local Red Cross chapter. Ask for "Your Family DisasterPlan. Or, write to: FEMA, P.O. Box 70274, Washington, D.C. 20024.DISASTER PREPAREDNESS FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIESBeing prepared for emergencies can reduce the fear, panic, and inconveniencethat surrounds a disaster. Check for hazards in the home. During and right aftera disaster, ordinary items in the home can cause injury or damage. Anythingthat can move, fall, break or cause fire is a home hazard. Check for items suchas bookcases, hanging pictures, or overhead lights that could fall in anearthquake or a flood and block an escape path. Be ready to evacuate. Have aplan for getting out of your home or building (ask your family or friends forassistance, if necessary). Also, plan two evacuation routes because some roadsmay be closed or blocked in a disaster. Have disaster supplies on hand.Flashlight with extra batteries. Portable, battery-operated radio and extrabatteries. First aid kit and manual. Emergency food and water. Nonelectric canopener.

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