The Eight-Fold Path
According to the Buddha, the only way to escape the suffering caused by our desire is throughour self-effort until we are “Enlightened”. We have to “earn” our freedom by following the eight-fold path (the “Way”) to eliminate our desires, and thus our sufferings.
The “Way” can be seen as:
•Wisdom: Understanding the problem•Ethical Conduct: Morality•Mental Discipline: Rigorous Effort
Wisdom: Understanding the problem
1. Right knowledge or understanding2. Right attitude, purpose and thought
Ethical Conduct: Morality
3. Right speech4. Right conduct5. Right way of living, occupation
Mental Discipline: Rigorous Effort
6. Right effort7. Right awareness8. Right composure/meditation.
Denial of Reality of the Material World & the Self
•Buddhism teaches that the only ultimate reality is karma, the law of cause and effect.•The world does not really exist, you do not exist, no gods or spirit exists.•Everything is impermanent and transitory.
the law of cause and effect.•If you do something bad, you will receive something bad in return.•If you do something good, you will receive something good in return.•Karma is NOT a system of merits and demerits that cancel each other out.•All bad karma that is sown must eventually be paid for – there is no forgiveness.•The result is fatalism.
• Nirvana is the ultimate goal of the Buddhist (in theory)• Nirvana is the end of suffering and the lack of existence (NOT Buddhist heaven)• Nirvana is achieved through enlightenment – the realization that nothing exists, includingyourself, therefore there is nothing to be desired.•The enlightened man no longer desires anything and therefore no longer suffers
Handout created by: Karl Dahlfred (www.dahlfred.com)