This project has been carried out with the support and encouragement of Charles Grant, Alex Ashbourne, Heather Grabbe and Daniel Keohane atthe Centre for European Reform. I am very grateful to them and to SirRodric Braithwaite, who prompted me to undertake the almost impossibletask of making unwritten rules written.I would like to thank Karen Birdsall, who assisted me as a researcher forthis project. Karen was always able to locate just the right source and tocome up with a key example, words of wisdom or criticism, which inmany ways shaped the outcome.In Russia, I received help with sources, ideas and comments from manycolleagues and friends: Valerii Kryukov, Boris Kuznetsov, AndreiYakovlev, Tatyana Dolgopyatova, Tatyana Alimova, Roman Zilber andVadim Volkov.Discussions with Caroline Humphrey, Chris Huang, George Schöpﬂin,Yezid Sayiagh, Robert Nield, Ellen Dahrendorf and Roberto Mendozahave contributed to my understanding of the universal nature of unwrittenrules. Written comments by Phil Hanson, Bill Tompson, Tim Lankester,Bernard Rudden and Alan MacFarlane were invaluable and will guide mein further research.I am grateful to Archie Brown, Martin Nicholson and Roy Allison forinviting me to speak on the subject at St Antony’s College and ChathamHouse, enabling me to test my ideas on the best audiences.Finally, I owe special thanks to Tony Giddens, who read several drafts andhelped in other ways too.
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