Human Rights (HR) has been one of the most important andcontroversial issue amongst the international community during the pastdecade. This is more so when rapid globalization often caused HumanRights violations may it be within a state or between states. On the other hand, it is globalization that enables more people to be aware about howimportant HR is. There are also many different understanding about whatare HR in different parts of the world, causing different practices in their enforcement. Many states, such as Indonesia, still consider sex orientationas not a HR issue. In many parts of the world, including in Indonesia, thereare often cases when someone/a group of people are subjected to violence,excommunicated from their family, banned from organizing or establishingassociation, dismissed from employment, arrested, or excluded fromhealth services- just to mention a few – due to their unconventional sexualorientation and/or gender identity- such as transgender, gay, lesbian,bisexual, transsexual, or sex worker.Due to this context a number of HR activists and experts from 25countries decided to compose a set of principles for the implementationof HR law in relation with sexual orientation and gender identity. Theseprinciples were launched in Jogjakarta on March 27, 2007- and they arereferred to as
The Yogyakarta Principles
. The objective of these principlesis to promote the UN members’ governments- including Indonesia’s- to
the HR of their citizens- especially with relationto sexual orientation and gender identity. HR are the state’s obligationto realize. Each citizen has the right to demand the state to perform itsobligation to enforce HR.The comic book in the reader’s hands is a form effort initiated byInstitut Pelangi Perempuan to disseminate information on The YogyakartaPrinciples amongst young lesbian community in Indonesia. This book isan effort to “translate” the principles into a more youth friendly language.The story in this comic book is inspired by the real life story of a number of young lesbians in Indonesia. Comic book was chosen as the media toexplain The Yogyakarta Principles with the hope that it would be easier tocomprehend as compared to brochures or pocket books..It should be noted that the Yogyakarta Principles is not a bindinglegal document for UN member states. However, it expounds upon theobligations of all states to implement effectively their obligation pertainingHR. Therefore there needs to be advocacy efforts by various parties-such as what Institut Pelangi Perempuan is engaged in- to ensure thegovernment of Indonesia exercise its obligations on HR enforcement.
Rape, torture, violation ofprivacy, arbitrary arrest anddetention, execution withoutproper judiciary process, abuseof medical means, violationof freedom of expression,discrimination at the work place,health, education, housing andaccess to immigration justice.Everyone was bornfree and equally interms of dignityand rights, and thisshould also appliedto LGBT Sexual orientation andgender identityHuman rights are foreveryone regardlessof their sexualorientation andgender identity