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Storage Area Network_AmitS

Storage Area Network_AmitS

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Published by Amit Sapre

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Published by: Amit Sapre on May 01, 2011
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09/30/2012

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Index
Introduction to Storage Area Network
1.
 
Storage Area Network (SAN)2.
 
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI)3.
 
Fibre Channel (FC):
Fibre Channel Protocol, Fibre Channeltopologies, Fiber Channel Layers and Ports, Fibre ChannelInfrastructure, Fibre Channel HBA, WWN, Fabric
4.
 
FC Zoning & LUN Masking
: SAN Zoning, PORT Zoning,WWN Zoning, shared disk file system [Cluster/SAN FileSystem]
5.
 
Computer Cluster [Definition]6.
 
Definitions & Types of DISK Array, Network attachedstorage (NAS) array, Modular storage area network(SAN) arrays, Monolithic (enterprise) arrays AndStorage virtualization
By,
Amit Sapre
 
Senior Storage EngineerSapre.amit@gmail.com
 
Storage area network
A
storage area network
(
SAN
) is architecture to attach remote computerstorage devices (such as disk arrays, tape libraries and optical jukeboxes) to serversin such a way that, to the operating system, the devices appear as locally attached.[By contrast to a SAN, Network Attached Storage (NAS) uses file-based protocolssuch as NFS or SMB/CIFS where it is clear that the storage is remote, and computersrequest a portion of an abstract file rather than a disk block.]Definition of SANA storage area network (SAN) is a high-speed special-purpose network (or subnetwork) that interconnects different kinds of data storage devices with associateddata servers on behalf of a larger network of users. Typically, a storage area networkis part of the overall network of computing resources for an enterprise. A storagearea network is usually clustered in close proximity to other computing resourcessuch as IBM z990 mainframes but may also extend to remote locations for backupand archival storage, using wide area network carrier technologies such as ATM orSONET.TypesMost storage networks use the SCSI protocol for communication between serversand disk drive devices. However, they do not use SCSI low-level physical interface(e.g. cables), as its bus topology is unsuitable for networking. To form a network, amapping layer is used to other low-level protocols:
 
"iFCP"
[1]
or "SANoIP"
[2]
mapping SCSI over Fibre Channel Protocol (FCP) overIP.
 
iSCSI, mapping SCSI over TCP/IP.
 
iSER, mapping iSCSI over InfiniBand (IB).
 
HyperSCSI, mapping SCSI over Ethernet.
 
FICON mapping over Fibre Channel (used by mainframe computers).
 
ATA over Ethernet, mapping ATA over Ethernet.
 
Fibre Channel over Ethernet
SCSI (pronounced
 skuzzy)
Small Computer System Interface
is a set of standards for physically connectingand transferring data between computers and peripheral devices. The SCSIstandards define commands, protocols, and electrical and optical interfaces. SCSI ismost commonly used for hard disks and tape drives, but it can connect a wide rangeof other devices, including scanners and CD drives. The SCSI standard definescommand sets for specific peripheral device types; the presence of "unknown" asone of these types means that in theory it can be used as an interface to almost anydevice, but the standard is highly pragmatic and addressed toward commercialrequirements.
 
SCSI is an intelligent interface: it hides the complexity of physical format.Every device attaches to the SCSI bus in a similar manner.
 
 
SCSI is a peripheral interface: up to 8 or 16 devices can be attached to asingle bus. There can be any number of hosts and peripheral devices butthere should be at least one host.
 
SCSI is a buffered interface: it uses hand shake signals between devices,SCSI-1, SCSI-2 have the option of parity error checking. Starting with SCSI-U160 (part of SCSI-3) all commands and data is error checked by a CRC32checksum.
 
SCSI is a peer to peer interface: the SCSI protocol defines, communicationfrom host to host, host to a peripheral device, peripheral device to aperipheral device. However most peripheral devices are exclusively SCSItargets, incapable of acting as SCSI initiators—unable to initiate SCSItransactions themselves. Therefore peripheral-to-peripheral communicationsare uncommon, but possible in most SCSI applications. The NCR53C810 chipis an example of a PCI host interface that can act as a SCSI target.[SCSI (Small Computer System Interface) is a set of ANSI standards for connectingdevices to computer systems. The vast majority of SCSI devices are data storagedevices.Standard SCSI is a parallel technology, but many serial SCSI variants exist, includingFireWire and Fibre Channel.SCSI is generally considered a higher-end alternative to IDE (Integrated DriveElectronics). A single IDE controller can control two drives. A single SCI controllercan control 8 or 16 drives. In addition, SCSI usually offers greater cable length andhigher length than IDE.]
SCSI Standards
SCSI Standard Cable Length Speed (MBps) Devices Supported
SCSI-1 6 5 8SCSI-2 6 5-10 8 or 16Fast SCSI-2 3 10-20 8Wide SCSI-2 3 20 16Fast Wide SCSI-2 3 20 16Ultra SCSI-3,8-bit 1.5 20 8Ultra SCSI-3,16-bit 1.5 40 16Ultra-2 SCSI 12 40 8Wide Ultra-2 SCSI 12 80 16Ultra-3 (Ultra160/m) SCSI 12 160 16
Fibre ChannelFibre Channel
, or
FC
, is a gigabit-speed network technology primarily used forstorage networking. Fibre Channel is standardized in the T11 Technical Committee of the International Committee for Information Technology Standards (INCITS), an

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