AP Government Midterm ReviewDecember 29, 2010
REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT: The republican form of government established underthe Constitution is one in which citizens elect others to represent their interests.INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS: Fundamental to American constitutional democracy is the belief thatindividuals have certain basic rights that are not created by government but which governmentshould protect. These are the right to life, liberty, economic freedom, and the "Pursuit of happiness." It is the purpose of government to protect these rights, and it may not place unfair orunreasonable restraints on their exercise. Many of these rights are enumerated in the Bill of Rights.FEDERALISM: Power is shared between two sets of governmental institutions, those of the statesand those of the central or federal authorities, as stipulated by the Constitution.
is a pure democracy in which the government is directly run by the people without theuse of an intermediary such as a representative in a republic. The
is the convention held from May 25 to September 17, 1787 after theAnnapolis Convention of 1786 that framed the Constitution of the United States.
only 36 at the time of the framing of the Constitution, was already a distinguished scholarat the time and helped frame the Virginia Constitution while also serving in the Virginia Assembly and inthe Continental Congress. Madison was the leader of those who favored
a strong central government
inthe Constitutional Convention.
The Great Compromise,
also known as the
is the compromise made between theVirginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. This took parts from both plans to appease the supporters of small states and large states and concluded with having a lower house based on population to appease thelarger states and an upper house with equal representation to appease the smaller states. This is thecompromise that formed the Constitution. The
also led to the unification of the north and south under theConstitution by imposing that three-fifths of slaves counted for taxes and population.
are people who vouched for the adoption of the new constitution. Prominent membersincluded Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay; all writers of
THE FEDERALIST PAPERS.Antifederalists
are those who opposed the constitution on some grounds or another, most notably the lack of a
Bill of Rights
. Prominent members included Edmund Randolph, George Mason, and Patrick Henry.