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EMC.symmetrix Amit

EMC.symmetrix Amit

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Published by: Amit Sapre on May 01, 2011
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The Symmetrix DMX Architecture
Symmetrix DMX delivers more performance, higher availability, and more functionality. The direct matrix design of Symmetrix DMX represents a significant improvement over switchand bus-based architectures.Similarly, the Symmetrix Direct Matrix Architecture delivers direct access from the front of thestorage array to the back, guaranteeing the highest possible I/O throughput. There is nopossibility of delay at a bus or switch or hub. Data flow is unimpeded. 
Symmetrix DMX Architecture core components are:
Channel Directors (front end director)
for host communication; each card have up to 4ports
Global Memory Directors (Symmetrix cache memory)
for I/O delivery from hosts to DiskDirectors, and is divided into regions.
Disk Directors (back end director)
for disk communication; have 4 interfaces [C, D, E, andF] or can handle 7 SCSI ids [0-6]
Disk Drives.
Symmetrix hardware
 The shared-model design means that all directors (channel and disk) are autonomous andwork in parallel. It also means that each director, with up to eight PowerPC processors, canaccess all regions in the Global Memory Directors.Because access to the global memory resources in the system is symmetrical, any processoron a director can participate in any event within the system. Examples of such events include(but are not limited to) I/O READS and WRITES, error detection and correction, and creation of remote and local copies of data. The directors can also provide resilience if a fault occurs inanother specified director. This “shared everything” design is a key to delivering consistentlyhigh service levels for performance, availability, and functionality. The Global Memory Director manages 32 independent global memory regions. The DirectMatrix Interconnect is a matrix of dedicated high-speed links to all of the system components,providing unparalleled internal aggregate bandwidth of up to 64GB/sec.
Symmetrix Software
Although the “shared everything” hardware design allows all components to share theworkload, it is the Enginuity storage operating environment that provides intelligence toSymmetrix systems.Enginuity is an event-driven storage operating environment that prioritizes multiplesimultaneous events within the system and guarantees quality of service (QoS) for the mostimportant events. For example, Enginuity ensures that correcting a two-bit error in memory
takes priority over a WRITE request; a READ request takes priority over updating a businesscontinuance volume (BCV), and so on.Enginuity also delivers performance, data integrity, and open integration for the Symmetrixfamily of storage arrays. The combination of the Symmetrix multi-processing hardware architecture with the event-driven Enginuity storage operating environment produces a massively parallel storage systemdesigned to multi-task numerous simultaneous events.
EMC Symmetrix Enginuity Operating Environment
Enginuity is an event-driven storage operating environment that prioritizes multiplesimultaneous events within the system and guarantees quality of service (QoS) for the mostimportant events. This code sits on the Service Processor but also gets loaded on all the Directors duringinstallation and upgrades. On these Directors is also loaded the BIN FILE (Configuration of theSymmetrix) along with the Emulation code. The initial Enginuity code load and BIN FILE setupis performed when the customer first purchases the machine and is customized based ontheir SAN environment.
Enginuity Code level [based on the Family of machines]
Enginuity Code Lev 
el Symmetrix VersionModels
Symmetrix 2.5
4200, 4400, 4800
Symmetrix 3.0
3100/5100, 3200/5200, 3500/5500
Symmetrix 4.0 & 4.8
3330/5300, 3400/5430, 3700/5700 & 3630/5630, 3830/5830,3930/5930
Symmetrix 5.0 & 5.556
Symmetrix DMX1 & 2
DMX-800, 1000, 2000, 3000
Symmetrix DMX3 & 458
Symmetrix V-MAX
V-MAX, V-MAX SE (Single Engine)
The guidelines for Enginuity Code level is as follows.
Example 5671.75.75First Two digits represent Symmetrix Versions56 = DMX1/DMX2 The next two digits represent Microcode Family & Major Symmetrix Release.71 = Microcode Family, Major Symmetrix-DMX Releases for DMX1/DMX2 The next two digits areEmulation Number designated as EE The last two digits areField Release level Service Processor Code Level (Symmetrix win Version)
Note:-The version of the Enginuity code will define what functionality and features the Symmetrix / DMX will have for that generation. As the hardware gets better and faster, the Enginuity Code has toimprove and add features to perform along with it.Note: The multi-protocol channel director and support for FICON, iSCSI and GigE channel connectionsrequire Enginuity level 5670 and higher.
EMC Symmetrix File System (SFS)
Symmetrix File System is an EMC IP and practically only used within the Symmetrixenvironment for housekeeping, security, access control, stats collection, performance data,algorithm selection, etc.Symmetrix File System (SFS) resides on volumes that have specially been created for thispurpose on the SymmetrixSFS volumes are created during the initial Enginuity Operating Environment load (Initialinstall)4 Volumes (2 Mirrored Pairs) are created during this processSFS volumes were introduced with Symmetrix Series 8000, Enginuity 5567 and 5568
SFS Characteristics-
SFS volumes are reserved space, 4 SFS volumes are spread across multiple Disk Directors(Backend Ports) for redundancy & cannot be mapped to Fiber Directors (now FE – Front-endPorts)Symmetrix 8000/DMX/DMX-2 Series: 4 SFS vol X 3GB each (6140CY) = 12 GBSymmetrix DMX-3/DMX-4: 4 SFS vol X 6GB each (6140CY) = 24 GBSymmetrix V-Max: 4 SFS vol X 16GB each = 64 GBSFS vol can’t reside on EFD (Enterprise Flash Drives)/Vault Drives/Save VolSFS volumes cannot be moved using FAST v1 and/or FAST v2/Sym OptimizerSFS vol are specific to a Symmetrix (Serial Number) and don’t need migration
Symmetrix Component-Level Serviceability
Symmetrix DMX provides full component-level redundancy to ensure continuous anduninterrupted access to information. The design allows concurrent maintenance of all major components, including:• Global Memory Director• Channel Director• Disk Director• Disk devices• Cooling fan modules• Environmental Control Module‘Communication Control Module• Power supplies• Batteries• Service processor To improve serviceability, the Symmetrix DMX directors are mechanically keyed to preventinsertion to invalid slots.
Symmetrix Data Protection Options
Symmetrix data protection options ensure uninterrupted access to data in the event of a diskfailure. The options listed below can be purchased separately and implemented into theSymmetrix operation.
Symmetrix DMX Mirrored and Parity RAID Options

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