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New York Guard Units

New York Guard Units

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Published by CAP History Library

Civil Defense

Civil Defense

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Categories:Types, Research, Genealogy
Published by: CAP History Library on May 02, 2011
Copyright:Public Domain

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09/17/2013

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NYG HISTORY, UNITS and COMMANDERS – By MICHAEL J. STENZELWORLD WAR I
The National Defense Act of 1916 provided cursory authority to organize “State” foces as the last sentence ofSection 61 stated, “that nothing contained in this act shall prevent the organization and maintenance of statepolice or Constabulary.” Governors used this clause as permission to begin preparations for organizingreplacement National Guard units. On 3 August 1917, the Adjutant General of New York, in order to comply withthe provisions of the State Constitution requiring that troops be available to the Governor for the protection of lifeand property of the citizens of New York, organized a State Military Force known as the New York Guard underthe Home Guard Act of 1917, and the subsequent War Department Circular #3 of March 1918. Re-organizedon geographical lines under GO# 58 AGO November 1917.
1, 2 and 3 WWI Command Room 829, Municipal Building, NYC
 
COMMANDER (* indicates also TAG) DEPUTY COMMANDER CHIEF OF STAFF
17
BG Charles H. Sherrill*
18
BG Charles H. Sherrill *
- 19Sep20 Sep- acting Commander – 13 Jan 19
 
19
14Jan –
BG Charles W. Berry*
– 30Mar 31 Mar 
- MG John Francis O'Ryan
- 29 Dec
 
1Apr -
COL Franklin W Ward
- 29Dec
 1
st
BDE
104 East 34
th
Street, NYC
2
nd
BDE
1322 Bedford Ave, Brooklyn
 
3
rd
BDE
176 State Street, Albany
 
4
th
BDE
451 Main Street, Buffalo
 
 
7
th
, 12
th
, 15
th
, 69
th
, & 71
st
14
th
, 23
rd
, & 47
th
1
st
, 2
nd
, & 10
th
3
rd
, 4
th
, & 74
th
 
4 SEP 1917 to 19 Feb. 18BG George R. Dyer 19 Feb 18 29 Dec 1919Not identified22 Dec 17 to 19feb. 18BG James Robb19 Feb. 18 to 31 Mar. 19BG George R. Dyer 
To Cdr 87
th
BDE NYARNG
23 Nov. 17 to 30 Apr. 19BG F. DeForest Kemp30 Apr. 19 - 29 Dec 1919BG James Westcott Lester,
To Cdr NYARNG 1921
 24 Sep 17 To 18 Apr. 19BG Louis L. Babcock29 Jul 19 – 13 Sep 19BG Newton E. Turgeon,13 .Sep. 19 - 29 Dec 1919BG Edgar Stilson Jennings
To Cdr 54th BDE NYARNG
 
1921 AG Report
BG James Robb BG James W. Lester 
STATE ACTIVE DUTY -
In accordance with Special Orders No. 198, AGO, dated August 6, 1917 First Provisional Regiment created. Inaccordance with Special Orders No. 311, AGO, dated December 11, 1917, a Provisional Brigade was createdconsisting of the First and Second Provisional Regiments already on duty. Brigade was disbanded by SpecialOrders #277 of The Adjutant General's Office on November 18, 1918.CDR PROVISIONAL BDE CDR 1
st
PROV RGT CDR 2
nd
PROV RGT
11 Dec 1917 – 18 Nov 18BG F. DeForest Kemp6 Aug 1917COL John B. Rose
Commenced demob 17 Dec1918. Completed Mar 1919
6 Aug 1917 to 11 Dec 17BG F. DeForest Kemp11 Dec 17 to 1Dec 1918disbandedMAJ George J. Winslow,
The First Provisional Regiment guarded the water supply of the City of New York and was under the command of ColonelJohn. B. Rose, 1
st
Infantry, N.Y.G. Its territory extended from the northern boundary line of the City of New York along theline of the Croton Aqueduct to Croton Lake, from thence to a point near Cold Spring on the east bank of the Hudson riverat Breakneck tunnel where the Aqueduct crosses under the river to Storm King Mountain. Thence along the Aqueduct toAahokan Reservoir, a distance of 96 miles. Two hundred forty-seven vulnerable points were guarded. The headquarterswere at Croton Lake for the greater portion of the tour, but were eventually moved to Ossining.The territory guarded by the Second Provisional Regiment, which was commanded by Major George J. Winslow, InspectorGeneral, 3d Brigade, N. Y. G., extended from .Albany and Troy along the line of the Barge canal to Whitehall, and fromWaterford along the line of the Barge and Erie canals west to Tonawanda, north from Syracuse to Oswego, southwest fromSyracuse to Waterloo with posts at the International Railroad Bridge at Niagara Falls, the bridge of the Central NewEngland Railroad at Poughkeepsie, public buildings and two New York Central Railroad bridges at Albany. Also theNiagara Falls power plant(s), and various other railroad bridges (near Utica, Elmira) across the state.
After the Armistice was signed and the Federalized New York National Guard units were returned to Statestatus, New York Guard units were deactivated. 29 December 1919. Official disbandment orders AGO#4 dated12 Jan 1923 effective 16 Jan 1923.
 
 
WORLD WAR II
In 1940 under the threat of being pulled into the world at war, New York Army National Guard units werebeing rapidly inducted into federal service. On 21 October 1940 the 76th Congress removed the restrictions onSection 61 of the National Defense Act to allow State Military Forces. This had been heavily pushed for sometime by New York Governor Lehman and Massachusetts Governor Saltonstall. The Governor directed theorganization of the New York Guard and on 25 October 1940 General Orders Nos. 40 was issued by theAdjutant General’s office.Planning for the New York Guard, to include identification of force structure, Regimental Commanders andthose NYARNG personnel “physically unfit” for activation, had been commenced as early as July and August byMG William N. Haskell, Commander NYARNG, until his activation on 23 October. The NYG was organizedeffective 25 October 1940 and on that same date MG William Ottmann assumed command. Initially BG GeorgeP. Tyner was the Chief of Staff.The NYG structure consisted of one Headquarters, 5 Brigade Headquarters and 20 Regiments for a total of1,116 Officers and 12,573 enlisted. The 1st, 2nd and 5th Brigades were in Metropolitan New York City, the 3rdBrigade was in Albany and the 4th Brigade was in Buffalo. In 1941 two additional Regiments were organized, in1942 two separate Battalions were added in Long Island, and in 1943 a separate colored Battalion was added inthe Brooklyn and Queens county area.
#4 & #5 WWII Command 80 Centre Street, NYC
COMMANDER CHIEF OF STAFF
40
25 Oct-
MG William Ottmann BG George P. Tyner
 
41
MG William Ottmann
 
BG George P. Tyner
15 Apr17 Apr
BG George A Herbst
 
42
MG William Ottmann
 
BG George A Herbst
 
43
MG William Ottmann – 14 Oct 4319 Oct 43 - LTG Hugh A. DrumBG George A Herbst
 
44
LTG Hugh A. Drum
 
BG George A Herbst
 
45
LTG Hugh A. Drum
 
MG George A Herbst
15 OctOct
 
BG
 
William H. Kelly
 
1
st
BDE NYC 7
th
Regiment 9
th
Regiment 51
st
Regiment 69
th
Regiment
40
25 Oct-BG John J.ManganCOL Milton S.BowmanCOL Mills Miller COL Lawrence Beattie COL Louis Doan
41
BG John J. Mangan COL Milton S.BowmanCOL Mills Miller COL Lawrence Beattie COL Louis Doan
42
BG John J. Mangan COL Bowman -18Sep -COL George K BrazillCOL Mills Miller COL Lawrence Beattie COL George Lawrence
43
BG John J. Mangan COL George K Brazill
 
COL Mills Miller COL Lawrence Beattie COL George Lawrence
44
BG Mangan - 31 Dec -BG George J. LawrenceCOL George K Brazill
 
COL Mills Miller COL Lawrence Beattie COL George Lawrence-31 Dec COL Wm P.Cavanaugh
45
BG George J. Lawrence COL George K Brazill
 
COL Miller – 13 Feb –COL Lawrence KeyesCOL Lawrence Beattie COL W. P. Cavanaugh
 
 
2
nd
BDE NYC 8
th
Regiment 13
th
Regiment 15
th
Regiment 17
th
Regiment
40
25 Oct-BG Edward E.GaucheCOL Walter X. Stanton COL Robert P. Orr COL Elmer P. Sawyer COL A. C. Goodyear 
41
BG Gauche COL Walter X. Stanton COL Robert P. Orr COL Elmer P. Sawyer COL A. C. Goodyear 
42
BG Gauche COL Walter X. Stanton COL Robert P. Orr COL Sawyer d15 AugCOL WilliamWoodruff ChisumCOL A. C. Goodyear 
43
BG Gauche 2 Mar 16 Jul BG AnsonGoodyear COL Walter X. Stanton COL Humphries COL W. W. Chisum COL A. C. Goodyear toBde 22JUL – COLJames C. MacKenzie
44
BG Anson Goodyear COL Walter X. Stanton COL Humphries COL W. W. Chisum
 
COL J MacKenzie
45
BG Anson Goodyear COL Walter X. Stanton COL Humphries COL W. W. Chisum
 
COL George L. Bliss
12
th
Regiment 22
nd
Regiment
41
6 Dec – COL GeorgeW. Winslow6 Dec – COL William HVollmer 
42
COL Geo W. Winslow COL William H Vollmer 
43
COL Geo W. Winslow COL William H Vollmer 
44
COL Geo W. Winslow COL William H Vollmer 
45
COL Louis E. Jallade COL William H Vollmer 
3
rd
BDE Troy 1
st
Regiment 2
nd
Regiment 6
th
Regiment 56
th
Regiment
40
25 Oct-Bernard W.KearneyCOL Willard H. Donner COL Lester C. Higbee COL George JWinslowCOL John T. Sheehan
41
BG Kearney COL Willard H. Donner COL Lester C. Higbee COL Geo J Winslow COL John T. Sheehan
42
BG Kearney COL Willard H. Donner COL Lester C. Higbee COL Geo J Winslow COL John T. Sheehan
43
BG Kearney COL Willard H. Donner COL Lester C. Higbee COL Geo J Winslow COL John T. Sheehan
44
BG Kearney COL Willard H. Donner - 29DEC -COL TebbuttCOL Lester C. Higbee COL Geo J Winslow COL John T. Sheehan
45
BG Kearney COL James G. Tebbutt COL Lester C. Higbee COL Geo J Winslow COL John T. Sheehan
4
th
BDE - Buffalo 3
rd
Regiment 21
st
Regiment 65
th
Regiment 74
th
Regiment
40
25 Oct-BG Edwin G.Ziegler COL Edward M.McCabeCOL Fred C. Wegner COL George D.ToomeyCOL Allan F. Reif 
41
BG Edwin G. Ziegler COL Ed M. McCabe COL Fred C. Wegner COL Geo D. Toomey COL Allan F. Reif 
42
BG Edwin G. Ziegler COL Ed M. McCabe COL Fred C. Wegner COL Toomey -20May-COL John F. Malone Jr COL Allan F. Reif 
43
BG Edwin G. Ziegler COL Ed M. McCabe COL Fred C. Wegner COL John F. Malone Jr COL Allan F. Reif 
44
BG Edwin G. Ziegler COL Ed M. McCabe COL Fred C. Wegner COL John F. Malone Jr COL Allan F. Reif 
45
BG Edwin G. Ziegler COL Ed M. McCabe COL Fred C. Wegner COL John F. Malone Jr COL Allan F. Reif 
5
th
BDE-Jamaica 4
th
Regiment 5
th
Regiment 41
st
Regiment 23
rd
Regiment
40
25 Oct- BG EmilM.PodeynCOL John J. Byron COL Charles H. King COL Gabriel G.Hollander COL Lennox C.Brennan
41
BG Emil M.Podeyn COL John J. Byron COL Geo A. Shedden COL G G. Hollander COL L. C. Brennan
42
BG Emil M.Podeyn COL John J. Byron COL Shedden -8JAN-COL Arthur A. FarrellCOL G G. Hollander COL L. C. Brennan
43
BG Emil M.Podeyn COL John J. ByronCOL MartinCOL Arthur A. Farrell COL G G. Hollander COL L. C. Brennan
44
BG Emil M.Podeyn COL Martin COL Arthur A. Farrell COL G G. Hollander COL L. C. Brennan
45
BG Emil M.Podeyn COL Martin COL Arthur A. Farrell COL G G. Hollander COL L. C. Brennan
1
st
Sep Battalion 2
nd
Sep Battalion 3
rd
Sep Battalion
42
MAJ Ahearn Est 1943
43
MAJ Ahearn MAJ Myles Anderson
44
MAJ Ahearn MAJ Myles Anderson
45
MAJ Ahearn MAJ Myles Anderson
By late 1945 the war was over and the National Guard Bureau was working on new ARNG force structures forthe states. LTG Drum developed a new TDA to reposition the NYG for conversion into the new NYARNG. Thisnew force structure was to be implemented 1 January 1946.

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