surrounded by negatively charged neutrons.
Abbreviation for Astronomical Unit.
Event which occurs when atmospheric molecules areexcited by incoming charged particles from the solarwind, then emit energy as they fall back to theirground states. Aurorae generally occur at highlatitudes, near the north and south magnetic poles.
(i) Date on which the Sun crosses the celestialequator moving southward, occurring on or nearSeptember 22.(ii) The location in the sky marked by the direction tothe sun on date the Autumnal Equinox occurs. Thislocation remains whether the sun is actually there ornot.
One of three Saturnian rings visible from Earth. The B ring is thebrightest of the three, and lies just past the Cassini division, closerto the planet than the A ring.
Spiral galaxy in which a bar of material passes through the centerof the galaxy, with the spiral arms beginning near the ends of thebar.
Matter that is composed primarily of baryons-protons andneutrons. "Normal" matter.
The distance between two observing locations used for thepurposes of triangulation measurements. The larger the baseline,the better the resolution attainable.
Dark, low-pressure region, where gas flows downward in theatmosphere of a jovian planet.
Event that cosmologists consider the beginning of the universe, inwhich all matter and radiation in the entire universe came intobeing.
A system which consists of two stars in orbit about their commoncenter of mass, held together by their mutual gravitationalattraction. Most stars are found in binary-star systems.
The end-point of the evolution of an isolated, low-mass star. Afterthe white dwarf stage, the star cools to the point where it is a dark"clinker" in interstellar space.
A region of space where the pull of gravity is so great that nothing-not even light-can escape. A possible outcome of the evolution of avery massive star.
The characteristic way in which the intensity of radiation emittedby a hot object depends of frequency. The frequency at which theemitted intensity is highest is an indication of the temperature of the radiating object. Also referred to as the Planck curve.
A (hypothetical) perfect radiator/absorber of electromagneticradiation that absorbs and re-emits all light that falls on it. Thecharacteristics of the energy radiated depends only on thetemperature of the object.
The continuous spectrum emitted by a blackbody. The flux at eachwavelength is given by a formula known as Planck's Law.
Large, hot, bright star at the upper left end of the main sequenceon the H-R diagram. Its name comes from its color and size.