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The Thinker’s Guide to Analytic Thinking© 2007 Foundation for Critical Thinking www.criticalthinking.org© 2007 Foundation for Critical Thinking www.criticalthinking.orgThe Thinker’s Guide to Analytic Thinking
Part I: Understanding the Basic Theory of Analysis
This section provides the oundational theory essential to analysis. It delineatesthe eight basic structures present in all thinking.
Why a Guide on Analytic Thinking? 4Why the Analysis o Thinking is Important 5All Thinking is Defned by the Eight Elements That Make It Up 5All Humans Use Their Thinking To Make Sense o the World 6To Analyze Thinking We Must Learn to Identiy and Question Its Elemental Structures 7To Evaluate Thinking, We Must Understand and Apply Intellectual Standards 8–9Thirty-fve Dimensions o Critical Thought 10–11On the Basis o the Above We Can Develop A Checklist or Evaluating Reasoning 12–13
Part 2: Getting Started: Some First Steps
This section enumerates the most important oundational moves in analysis.
Think About Purpose 14State the Question 15Gather Inormation 16Watch Your Inerences 17Check Your Assumptions 18Clariy Your Concepts 19Understand Your Point o View 20Think Through the Implications 21
Part 3: Using Analysis to Figure Out the Logic of Anything
This section provides a range o sample analyses (as well as templatesor analysis).
The Spirit o Critical Thinking 22Analyzing the Logic o Human Emotions 23–25Analyzing Problems 26–27Analyzing the Logic o an Article, Essay, or Chapter 28–31Analyzing the Logic o a Textbook 32Evaluating an Author’s Reasoning 33Analyzing the Logic o a Subject: 34
Part 4: Taking Your Understanding to a Deeper Level
This section explains the elements more comprehensively, dierentiating skilledrom unskilled reasoners.
Analyzing and Assessing:
• Goals, Purposes, or Objectives
• Questions, Problems, and Issues
• Data, Evidence, Experience, Research
• Inferences, Interpretations, and Conclusions
• Assumptions and Beliefs
• Concepts, Ideas, and Theories
• Points of View and Perspectives
• Implications and Consequences
49Distinguishing Between Inerences and Assumptions 50–51Conclusion 52