Motives are needs or desires that energize and direct behavior toward a goal.2.
Motivation is all the processes that initiate, direct, and sustain behavior.3.
Intrinsic Motivation is the desire to behave in a certain way because it isenjoyable or satisfying in and of itself.4.
Extrinsic Motivation is the desire to behave in a certain way in order to gainsome external reward or to avoid some undesirable consequence.5.
The Yerkes-Dodson Law is the principle that performance on tasks is bestwhen the arousal level is appropriate to the difficulty of the task: higherarousal for simple tasks, moderate arousal for tasks of moderate difficulty, andlower arousal for complex tasks.6.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is what Abraham Maslow claimed that
individuals must satisfy physiological and safety needs before addressingneeds for love, esteem, and self-actualization.7.
aslow’s Hierarchy of Needs include:
Physiological Needs: Need to satisfy the basic biological needs for food,water, oxygen, sleep, and elimination of bodily wastes.
Safety Needs: Need for Safety and Security.
Belonging and Love Needs: Need to love and be loved; need to affiliatewith others and be accepted.
Esteem Needs: Needs to achieve, to gain competence, to gain respect, andrecognition from others.
Need for Self-
Actualization: Need to realize one’s fullest potential.
Eating Disorders are a category of mental disorders in which eating anddieting behaviors go far beyond the everyday extremes of overeating anddieting many people experience.9.
Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by an overwhelming,irrational, fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, compulsive dieting to thepoint of self-starvation, and excessive weight loss.10.
Bulimia Nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by repeated anduncontrolled (and often secretive) episodes of binge eating.11.
Emotion is an identifiable feeling state involving physiological arousal, acognitive appraisal of the situation or stimulus causing that internal body state,and an outward behavior expressing the state.12.
The Sexual Response Cycle has four phases
excitement, plateau, orgasm,and resolution
that makeup the human sexual response in both males andfemales, according to Masters and Johnson.13.
Sexual Orientation is the direction of one’s se
members of the opposite sex (heterosexuality), toward one’s own sex
(homosexuality), or toward both sexes (bisexuality).14.
How do internal and external cues influence eating behavior?
When the Lateral Hypothalamus (LH) is activated, it signals the organismto eat. When the Ventromedial Hypothalamus (VMH) is activated itsignals the organism to stop eating. Signals that activate these two