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8.1 &amp; 8.2

8.1 &amp; 8.2

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07/06/2014

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Algebra 28.1 & 8.2Name:________
Midpoint Formula:
If a line segment has endpoints at (x
1
,y
1
) and (x
2
,y
2
),then the midpoint of the segment has coordinates
     ++
2,2
2121
y y x x
.
Example 1:
A graphing program draws a line segment on a computerscreen so that its ends are at (5,2) and (7,8). What are the coordinates of itsmidpoint?
The Distance Formula
The distance between any two points (
x
1
,
1
)
and
(
x
2
,
y
2
) is given by:
Example 2:
Find the exact distance between the given points.a.(-2, 1) and (5, 7)b.(-3, -11) and (8, 4)
CONIC SECTIONS:
A
conic section
is defined as any figure that can be formed by slicing adouble cone with a plane.A
double cone
is two cones connected at their points.
1

Algebra 28.1 & 8.2Name:________If the plane intersecting the double cone is parallel to the top and bottomand intersects only where the two cones meet, the figure is a
point
.If the plane intersecting the double cone is parallel to the top and bottomand intersects the cone anywhere but where the two cones meet, the figureis a
circle
.If the intersection of the double cone and the plane are such that the planeonly passes through one side of one of the two cones, the figure is a
parabola
.If the intersection of the plane with the double cone is not parallel with thetop and bottom and passes through the top cone only or the bottom coneonly, the figure is an
ellipse
.If the intersection of the plane with the double cone is perpendicular to thetop and bottom and does not pass through the point where the two conesmeet, the figure is a
hyperbola
.
2

Algebra 28.1 & 8.2Name:________
Parabolas
A
parabola
is the set of all points (x, y) that are the same distance from afixed line (called the
directrix
) and a fixed point (
focus
) not on the directrix. The midpoint between the focus and directrix of the parabola is called the
vertex
and the line passing through the focus and vertex is called the
axis
of the parabola. The
vertex
is the point of intersection of the parabola andaxis of symmetry. The
standard form
of the equation of a parabola with
vertex
at
(h,k)
and
axis of symmetry x – h
is
y= a(x – h)
2
+ k.
If a>0, kis the minimum value of the related function and the parabola opens upward.If a<0, k is the maximum value of the function and the parabola opensdownward.
Example: Write
= –2
x
2 – 4
x
+ 3 in standard form. Identify thevertex, axis of symmetry, and direction of opening of the parabola.
y
= –2
x
2 – 4
x
+ 3Original equation
y
= –2(
x
2 + 2
x
) + 3Factor –2 from the
x
–terms.
y
= –2(
x
2 + 2
x
+ _) + 3 – (–2)(_)Complete the square on the rightside.
y
= –2(
x
2 + 2
x
+ 1) + 3 – (–2)(1) The 1 added when you completethe square
y
= –2(
x
+ 1)2 + 5is multiplied by –2.
y
= –2[
x
– (–1)]2 + 5(
h
,
) = (–1, 5) The vertex of this parabola is located at (–1, 5), and the equation of the axisof symmetry is
x
= –1. The parabola opens downward.
3