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Lab Safety

Lab Safety

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Published by misterbrowner

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Published by: misterbrowner on Sep 03, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/06/2011

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A. General Safety Rules
1. Listen to or read instructions carefullybefore attempting to do anything.2. Wear safety goggles to protect your eyes from chemicals, heated materials,or things that might be able to shatter.3. Notify your teacher if any spills or accidents occur.
 
A. General Safety Rules
4. After handling chemicals, alwayswash your hands with soap and water.5. During lab work, keep your handsaway from your face.6. Tie back long hair.
 
A. General Safety Rules
7. Roll up loose sleeves.8. Know the location of the fireextinguisher, fire blanket, eyewashstation, and first aid kit.9. Keep your work area uncluttered. Take tothe lab station only what is necessary.
 
A. General Safety Rules
10. It is suggested that you wear glassesrather than contact lenses.11. Never put anything into your mouthduring a lab experiment.12. Clean up your lab area at theconclusion of the laboratory period.13. Never “horse around” or playpractical jokes in the laboratory.
 
B. Glassware Safety
1. Chipped or cracked glassware shouldnot be used. Show it to the teacher.2. Broken glassware should not bedisposed of in a classroom trashcan.There is a special glass disposalcontainer for it.3. When pouring liquids into glassware,make sure the container you are pouringinto is resting on a table at least ahandsbreadth from the edge.
 
B. Glassware Safety
4. Pour down a glass stirring rod toprevent liquids from splattering.5. If a piece of glassware gets broken,do not try to clean it up by yourself.Notify the teacher.6. When inserting glass tubing into arubber stopper, apply a lubricant to theglass and use a twisting motion.
 
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B. Glassware Safety
7. To cut glass tubing, first lay the tube onthe lab table and make a scratch in it witha file. Then pick up the tube with thescratch facing away from you, put your thumbs together on the opposite side asthe scratch, and break the tube with bothhands.8. If you cut glass tubing, always fire polishthe broken ends to remove jagged edges.9. Do not place hot glassware in water. Rapidcooling may make it shatter.
 
C. Chemical Safety
1. Wear protective goggles and a labapron whenever heating or pouringhazardous chemicals.2. Never mix chemicals together unlessyou are told to do so (and then only inthe manner specified).3. Never taste any chemicals (youshould never taste anything in the lab).
 
C. Chemical Safety
4. If you need to smell the odor of achemical, waft the fumes toward your nose with one hand. Do not put your nose over the container and inhale thefumes.5. Never pour water into a concentratedacid. Acid should be poured slowlyinto water.
 
C. Chemical Safety
6. Follow the instructions of your teacher when disposing of allchemicals.7. Wash your hands after handlinghazardous chemicals.
D. Electrical Safety
1. Lay electrical cords where no onecan trip on them or get caught inthem.2. Be sure your hands and your labarea are dry before using electricalequipment.3. Never poke anything into electricaloutlets.
 
D. Electrical Safety
4. Unplug cords by pulling the plug andnot the cord.5. Unplug all electrical equipment at theend of the lab period.
 
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E. Heating Safety
1. Let burners and hotplates cool downbefore touching them. Test to see if they are cool enough by bringing theback of your hand close to them.2. Use tongs and/or protective gloves tohandle hot objects.3. Never reach across an open flame or burner.
 
E. Heating Safety
4. The only type of glassware that maysafely be heated is either Kimax or Pyrex.5. Always point the top ends of test tubesthat are being heated away from people.6. When heating a test tube, move it aroundslowly over the flame to distribute the heatevenly.
 
E. Heating Safety
7. Only glassware that is thoroughly dryshould be heated.8. Heat glassware by placing it on a wiregauze platform on a ringstand. Do nothold it in your hand.
 
E. Heating Safety
9. When lighting a burner, wait until a matchis struck or the striker is in place beforeyou turn on the gas.10. The amount of air can be adjusted by theair supply valve below the tube of theburner. This regulates the flametemperature and color.11. Never leave a burner or hotplateunattended.
 
First Aid
Injury: BurnsTo do: Immediately flush with cold water until burning sensation is lessened.
First Aid
Injury: Cuts, bruisesTo do: Do not touch an open woundwithout safety gloves. Pressingdirectly on minor cuts will stopbleeding in a few minutes. Apply coldcompress to bruises to reduceswelling.

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