•Models represent ideas, events,or objects and can be physical or computerized.
Scientific Theories and Laws
•A theory is an explanation based onmany observations andinvestigations.•A scientific law is a statement aboutsomething that always seems to betrue.
•Hypothesis•Experiment•Dependent Variable•Independent Variable•Constant•Control•Theory•Scientific Law
•Independent and dependentvariables are related to one another.•The Independent part is what you,the experimenter, changes or enactsin order to do your experiment.•The dependent variable is whatchanges when the independentvariable changes - the dependentvariable
on the outcome of the independent variable.
•For example, if you open a faucet(the independent variable), thequantity of water flowing(dependent variable) changes inresponse-- you observe that thewater flow increases.
•Controlled variables are quantities that ascientist wants to remain constant.•For example, if we want to measure howmuch water flow increases when we opena faucet, it is important to make sure thatthe water pressure (the controlledvariable) is held constant.