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Table Of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction and objectives
1.3 Layout of dissertation
Chapter 2: Literature review
2.4.3 Edge-wise modification
2.4.4 In situ synthesis of modified-clays
2.5 Polymer–clay nanocomposites
2.6 Degree of clay dispersion in a polymer–clay nanocomposite
2.6.1 Conventional microcomposites
2.6.2 Intercalated nanocomposites
2.6.3 Exfoliated/delaminated nanocomposite
2.7.1. Non-reactive surfactants
2.7.2 Reactive surfactants
2.8 Post modification of clay
2.11.3 Melt intercalation
2.11.4 In situ intercalative polymerization
2.12 The fate of the modifier during and after the polymerization process
2.13 Nanocomposite characterization
2.13.1 XRD analysis
2.13.3 Other characterization techniques
2.13.3.2 Size-exclusion chromatography
2.13.3.3 Dynamic mechanical analysis
2.13.3.4 Melt rheology
2.13.3.5 Thermogravimetric analysis
2.14 References
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Fundamentals of controlled radical polymerization techniques
3.3 Common controlled radical polymerization methods
3.3.1 Stable free-radical polymerization (SFRP)
3.3.2 Atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP)
3.3.3 Reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT)
3.5. References
Chapter 4: Synthesis and characterization of
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Materials
agents
the cationic RAFT agents
4.3 Analytical equipment
4.3.1 Operation of a “Calostar” microcalorimeter
4.4 Part A: Synthesis and characterization of RAFT agents
4.4.1 Experimental and results
4.4.1.2 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)dibenzenecarbodithioate (3)
4.4.1.4 Didodecyl-1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)bistrithiocarbonate (8)
4.4.1.5 11-(((benzylthio)carbonothioyl)thio)undecanoic acid (13)
4.4.2 Discussion on the synthesis of RAFT agents
4.4.2.1 Monofunctional cationic RAFT agents
4.4.2.2 Difunctional RAFT agents obtained as byproducts
4.5 Part B: Determination of the aqueous behaviour of cationic
4.5.1 Experimental, results and discussion
4.5.1.1 Surface tension
4.5.1.3 Calorimetry
4.6. Conclusions
4.7. References
5.1. Introduction
5.2 Experimental
5.2.1 Materials
5.2.2 Modification of clay
5.2.3 RAFT-mediated polymerization of styrene
5.2.5 Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC)
5.2.6 Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)
5.2.7 Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
5.2.8 Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)
5.3 Results and discussion
5.3.1 Modification of clay by VA060 initiator
bulk polymerization
polymerization
free-radical bulk polymerization
5.3.6 Thermal stability of polystyrene–clay nanocomposites
5.3.6.1 PS-VA060-MC nanocomposites
5.3.6.2 RAFT-mediated PS-VA060-MC nanocomposites
5.4. Conclusions
5.6. References
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Materials and methods
6.2.1 Reagents
reaction)
6.2.3 Typical polymerization of styrene
6.2.4 Analyses
6.2.4.1 High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)
6.2.4.2 Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC)
6.2.4.3 Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)
6.2.4.4 Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
6.2.4.5 Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)
6.3 Results and discussion
6.3.1 Modification of clay
6.3.2 RAFT-modified-clay-mediated bulk polymerization of styrene
6.3.3 Morphology of polystyrene–clay nanocomposites
6.3.3.1 TEM analysis
6.3.3.2 SAXS analysis
6.3.4 Thermal stability of polystyrene–clay nanocomposites
6.4 Conclusions
6.5 References
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Experimental
7.2.1 Reagents
miniemulsion polymerization
7.2.3 Analyses
7.2.3.1 Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC)
7.2.3.2 Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)
7.2.3.3 Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
7.2.3.4 Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)
7.2.3.5 Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA)
7.2.3.6 Dynamic light scattering (DLS)
7.3 Results and discussion
7.3.1 Polymer matrix characterization
7.3.2 PS–CN colloidal miniemulsion and morphological characterization
7.3.3 Thermal stability
7.3.4 Mechanical properties
7.4 Conclusions
7.5 References
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Experimental
8.2.1 Reagents
8.2.3 Analyses
8.2.3.1 Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC)
8.2.3.2 Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)
8.2.3.3 Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
8.2.3.4 Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) and rheology
8.3 Results and discussion
8.3.1 Synthesis of P(S-co-BA)-PCNs
8.3.2 Morphology of polymer-clay nanocomposites
8.3.3 Thermal stability
8.3.4 Mechanical properties
8.3.4.1 Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA)
8.3.4.2 Melt rheology
8.4 Conclusions
8.5 References
9.1. Conclusions
9.2 Recommendations for future work
Appendix
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Samakande A Unprotected

Samakande A Unprotected

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Published by: athilla27 on May 02, 2011
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