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ToolBook 10.5: Accessibility (Section 508) Guide

ToolBook 10.5: Accessibility (Section 508) Guide

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Published by CubemanPDX

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Published by: CubemanPDX on May 02, 2011
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07/03/2013

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Designing accessible Web pageswith ToolBook
Accessibility refers to making online information easy to obtainfor people with various levels of eyesight, hearing capacity, andmotor skills. Making the information on a Web page available toall people, including those with disabilities, is the goal of creat-ing and presenting accessible e-Learning content. By developingaccessible Web pages with ToolBook your content will reach thewidest audience possible.
CONTENTS
Understanding accessibility
2
Designing accessible Web pages
3
Using the accessibility features in ToolBook
5
 
Designing accessible Web pages with ToolBook2
Understanding accessibility
There are many ways to access visual and auditory information througha Web browser. To improve legibility, some people may increase thefont size for text in their browser and others may use text magnificationsoftware. People with vision impairments can listen to text as it isvocalized by automated screen reader software. When audio is includedas part of a video or media presentation available on a Web page, closedcaptions can convey the audio content as text. Other techniques areavailable and new technologies are being developed to meet diverseneeds.You can develop accessible courses by following the guidelines devel-oped by the Web Accessibility Initiative of the World Wide Web Consor-tium (W3C). For more information, visit http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10-CORE-TECHS/
About assistive technologies
Assistive technologies allow people with disabilities to interact withcomputer hardware and software. Hardware solutions include varioustypes of input devices such as larger keyboards and eye-gaze pointingdevices. Assistive software includes voice recognition programs, screenmagnification, keyboard enhancement utility programs and more.In the accessibility guidelines developed by the Web Accessibility Initia-tive, many of the provisions address vision impairments. One way toaccess computer-based information is by using a type of software pro-gram known as a screen reader which translates text displayed on acomputer screen into audio output or refreshable Braille displays.Certain conventions are necessary to allow the person using the screenreader software to interact with objects on the page, such as using theTab key to move the focus from one object to another on the page.
 
Designing accessible Web pages with ToolBook3
If you plan to develop e-Learning for a small or limited audience, youmay be able to determine in advance the types of assistive technologiesin use by the people who will interact with your Web pages. You can addthis to your project plan and prepare material that meets the needs of the audience. For a large audience, the best way to develop accessiblecontent is to follow the guidelines developed by the Web AccessibilityInitiative of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
About section 508
The Congress of the United States amended Section 508 of the Rehabili-tation Act to require Federal agencies to make their electronic informa-tion accessible to all people, including those with disabilities. You canfind out more about the regulations contained in section 508 by visitinghttp://www.section508.gov/The provisions in section 508 aim to ensure that visual and audiocontent is available in a format that can be understood by most people.Alternative methods for conveying information are promoted, such asthe addition of text descriptions for graphics.
Designing accessible Web pages
While you are planning your project, consider the following ways topresent information in an accessible manner.

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