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The Campanile (Vol 90, Ed 5) published Jan 28, 2008

The Campanile (Vol 90, Ed 5) published Jan 28, 2008

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Published by The Campanile
The Campanile is a division of Palo Alto High School's award winning journalism program. Articles and information can be found at http://voice.paly.net
The Campanile is a division of Palo Alto High School's award winning journalism program. Articles and information can be found at http://voice.paly.net

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Published by: The Campanile on Sep 03, 2008
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09/06/2012

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The Campanile
Monday, January 28, 2008http://voice.paly.netVol. XC, No. 5Since 1918
Palo Alto Senior High School
News...........................A1-A3Opinion.................A4-A5, A8Spotlight.....................A6-A7Sports.......................A9-A12Lifestyles...........................B1
,
Features.......................B2-B6A&E...........................B7-B14
NEWSOPINION
SCRATCH OUTSCANTRONS
PAGE A2PAGE B3
Rising prices discouragestudents from attendingcollege.
CRUNCHING THECOLLEGE COSTS
PAGE A8
The simplicity of xed-gearbikes attracts extreme Paly
cyclists.
 THAI TENNIS PLAYERSERVES TO WIN
PAGE A10
Student from Kenya learnsand absorbs North Americanculture.
FROM AFRICA TONORTH AMERICAFIND YOUR PERFECTMATCH
FEATURES
PAGE B3
Animal-free restaurants of-fer places for vegetariansand vegans to dine.
 VEG AROUND THEBAY AREA
PAGE B7
A&ESPORTSINDEXLIFESTYLES
Paly students seek relax
-ation in prescription painkill-ers.
 VIKINGS HIGH ON VICODIN
PAGE B1
Palo Alto High School50 Embarcadero Rd.Palo Alto, CA94301
P A I D
 
Permit #44Palo Alto, Calif.NON-PROFIT ORGBulk RateU.S. Postage
Student vandals plague Paly
History department paves road for new AP
Economics class to study macroeconomics
B
y
elly
Z
hou
Staff Writer 
A semester-long AP Economics(econ) elective class, focusing onmacroeconomics, will be offered atPalo Alto High School starting nextschool year, according to SocialStudies instructional supervisor EricBloom.Bloom said the reasoning behindthe class was that “The departmentwanted to provide expanded opportu-nities for seniors to take challenging[social studies] electives.”Paly also decided to form the classin order to make classes at Paly andHenry M. Gunn High School moresimilar, according to Bloom. Gunncurrently has a year-long AP Eco-nomics elective class. Instead, Palyis offering a semester class becausea year-long class would require lan-ing the economics classes, accordingto Bloom.Having a heterogeneous mix of students makes the economics course better, said Bloom.Currently, Paly only offers oneeconomics course, which is requiredin order to graduate. The course only provides students an introduction tomicro- and macroeconomics. Theregular economics class may changea little to accommodate the AP class,Bloom said. The proposed AP Eco-nomics course would give students amore in-depth look at macroeconom-ics, according to Bloom.““Kids interested in taking APEcon would take it second semester 
after they’ve nished the regular econ
course,” Bloom said. “The AP Econcourse will build on top of the regular econ course.”Earlier, Bloom was unsure as towhether the course would be organizedin time to allow current juniors to signup for AP Economics. Current juniors(who would be the students potentially
Allie Bollella
/
The Campanile
History teacher David Rappaport writes a lesson. The HistoryDepartment makes way for a macroeconomics semester course.
signing up for AP Economics nextyear) receive registration materials atthe beginning of February, accordingto Bloom.“I don’t know if we’re going to be able to get all the pieces together,”Bloom said earlier. “We have to get inthe registration, design the course, gettextbooks and materials, all of that.”
Julia Benton/ 
The Campanile
Principal Jacqueline McEvoy and the Paly administration haveinstated a new policy for AP students in regards to STAR testing.
See
 
ECONOMICS,
 
 Page A3
Two acts of vandalism occur over holiday weekend
Students graffiti school premises, placesyrup-covered condoms on door handlesSeven students break into school library;rearrange furniture, hang photos of Mao
B
y
D
anielle
im
 Editor in Chief 
Sometime before the afternoon of Jan. 20, seven
unidentied male high school seniors broke into the Palo
B
y
D
anielle
im
 Editor in Chief 
Various Palo Alto High School
 buildings were tagged with red grafti
and maple syrup-covered condomswere placed over classroom door handles sometime after 4 p.m. onJan. 21.Paly World Languages Instruc-tional Supervisor Norman Masuda
was the rst to discover the second act
of vandalism upon arriving at school6:30 a.m. on Jan. 22.“Molasses or some dark stickyliquid was dripping off the door handles,” Masuda said. “[Head cus-todian Ky] Hok and I had to cleaneverything up. A lot of our time wassated. It’s not funny and it was justinconvenient.”Currently, it appears that the same
individual(s) left grafti in red ink on
the Math Department building, in frontof the library, on the deck and on the bulletin boards of the Student Center and 900s building.The messages ranged from a personal attack on a Paly teacher (supporting the belief that the vandalwas a Paly student) to “08 seniors areabove the law” and “F--k Paly.”McEvoy was explicit about theconsequences of such vandalism.“If [the vandal] was a Paly studentthat dislikes Paly so much, I’ll makesure that they don’t go to Paly any-more,” McEvoy said. “But anythingis possible: it’s possible it was done by Gunn students, it’s possible it wasdone by non-students.”The janitorial staff had cleanedup all the pranks associated with thesecond vandalism act by 9:00 a.m. onJan. 21. The damages incurred mostlyinclude time and money spent on thecleanup.
Students and staff ended their semester break to nd library computer keyboards tampered with,
doorknobs disturbed and the walls of the Student Center and Auto Building tagged with red paint.
Top:
Courtesy of an anonymous source,
Bottom (left to right):
 
Michela Fossati Bellani
/
The Campanile
 ,
Tyler Blake
/
The Campanile
 ,
Tomer Schwartz
/
The Campanile
See
 
VANDALISM,
 
 Page A2
Alto High School library via a hatchon the roof.The students, six of whom arePaly students, committed a felony by breaking and entering into the build-ing. The seventh does not attend aPalo Alto high school.The seven seniors went on torearrange all the furniture, take outall the spacebars from the librarycomputers, spell out “Paly stoners 08”with pictures of the Chinese politi-cal leader Mao Zedong and replace posters on the walls with those same photos. They also tied up a string of letters spelling out, “This is who wereally are.”According to an anonymoussenior who says he did not committhe felony, the students are neither stoners nor Communists. In fact, their minds resemble those of stereotypi-cal teenage males: A “READ” poster featuring Keira Knightley was takenoff the library wall and placed in the“0” of “Paly stoners 08.”The vandals also left a messageencrypted with the Vigenere cipher,complaining about new policies ban-ning the use of bikes on campus as wellas the reenactments issue. The students blamed Paly Principal JacquelineMcEvoy for the changes, writing, “If you thought you could just push over Paly students, think again.”The vandalism was discovered by Paly librarian Rachel Kellermanat approximately 1:30 p.m. on Jan.20 when she stopped by to drop off a coffee table for the reading area.
She immediately notied Assistant
Principal Jerry Berkson and the PaloAlto Police Department. The librarianalso gave the police photos that shetook of the vandalism.However, McEvoy emphasized that if vandals hurtthe school, they hurt everyone.“There’s the actual monetary damage, but it also hasan affect on the school,” McEvoy said. “We’re all under the same umbrella.”
Scratcher tests at Paly help
students learn from theirerrors.Volunteer Match helps po-
tential volunteers nd ideal
opportunities.
Administration enactspolicy requiring STARtesting for AP students
   E   l   i  z  a   b  e   t   h   P  e   t   i   t
             /
   T   h  e   C  a  m  p  a  n   i   l  e
   M  o  r  g  a  n   P   i  c   h   i  n  s  o  n
             /
   T   h  e   C  a  m  p  a  n   i   l  e
B
y
C
rystal
W
ang
Staff Writer 
See
 
STAR,
 
 Page A3
Students signing up for AdvancedPlacement classes next year or cur-rently taking them this year will now be required to take the CaliforniaStandards Test of the StandardizedTesting and Reporting (STAR) Pro-
gram, a decision nalized by Palo
Alto High School Principal JacquelineMcEvoy.According to McEvoy, this newregulation will give the school andteachers a more accurate measurementof the curriculum. The scores of the
CST will specically help evaluate the
corresponding AP classes curriculumand allow teachers to see areas of im- provement or strength. The test willalso indicate whether students will be prepared enough for advanced classes.
As Only students scoring a procientor higher on a specic subject will be
allowed into the AP class.“We don’t want students to go toa class where they will really, reallystruggle,” McEvoy said.Currently, the Paly administrationis trying to schedule CST tests towardsthe end of year, after AP tests, insteadof during the AP testing window. One problem this change encounters isthat there might not be any time for 
 
Paly Administration’s New Policy Paly Administration’s New Policy 
STAR tests will be required or
•
all AP studentsStudents must score profciently 
•
on the STAR test to qualiy or AP classesSTAR tests will be moved to the
•
end o the year out o the APtesting window 
cientology  Ananda  Wicca Humanism
RealizingReligion
Spotlight A6-A7
 
News
The Campanile
• February 5:
Open House 
Incoming 9th grade families visit Paly tolearn about its opportunities.
• February 15-18:
No School 
In honor of President’s Day, students andstaff enjoy three-day weekend.
• February 19:
No School 
Students get a day off from school whileteachers meet for staff development day.
• February 29:
School Dance 
Girls ask their “Perfect Match” to theupcoming Sadie Hawkin’s Dance.
 A2 • January 28, 2008
Students donate thousands of pounds of food for needy families ACS receives grant from Yahoo! toimprove on-campus teen counseling
NEWSBRIEFS
Adolescent Counseling Services (ACS) received a $25,000grant from Yahoo! Employee Foundation (YEF) through ACS’ssuccessful on-campus program in November 2007, according toDevelopment & Marketing Director of ACS Lynn Peralta.“I feel that the ACS is a well-established and well-respectedorganization that deserves this grant,” Peralta said.Peralta applied for the grant in January 2007 through con-nections with people in the YEF. The ACS on-campus programwas presented to a panel that reviews the applicants and waswell-received all around.“ACS’s on-campus program is very successful; we have coun-seling programs at both Paly and Gunn, and at the three middleschools JLS, Jordan and Terman in Palo Alto,” Peralta said.This grant will help fund the on-campus counseling programs.These counseling programs include adolescent counseling, rela-tionship issues, substance abuse and such.
“ACS is denitely doing a great job providing counseling
services to teens, “ Peralta said. “Other cities, such as RedwoodCity, have incorporated ACS, which is a testament that ACS isdoing great.” —Auster Chen
Staff Writer 
 
Palo Alto High School’s Youth Community Service club(YCS) has determined the results of the YCS food drive which began Nov. 13 and ended Jan. 11. The food collected during thedrive was be donated to the Second Harvest Food Bank’s HolidayFood & Fund Drive.“YCS provides students at Paly with the opportunity to getinvolved in the community that has played an immense role in
inuencing them,” YCS President Aditi Bellary said.The YCS food drive at Paly earned a signicant prot this
year. The totals for the top classes are as follows: InFocus took 
rst with 1575 lbs., Duffy followed with 1347 lbs., third wasFoug with 495 lbs. and fourth was Edwards with 306 lbs. Wix
-
som, Wilner, Paugh, Bungarden, Sabbag and Yonkers followedin fth through tenth places respectively.
The YCS food drive is very important to the community and
Palo Alto High’s contribution is of much more signicance than
simply a class competition, although it makes for an entertaining
and educational experience.“Although many people perceive this community to be ex
-
tremely afuent, it is important to realize that a huge number of local residents are not nancially well-off and that the costof food is quite high, “ Bellary said. “We want to contribute in
any way we possibly can to help these people get the nourish-ment they need.” —Pauline Slakey
Staff Writer 
B
y
A
lAn
C
hen
Staff Writer 
Scratch-off multiple choice tests, or “scratcher tests,” have been used this year as an alternative testing method in theSocial Sciences and History Departmentand the Math Department.A scratcher test is similar to amultiple choice test. However, instead
of lling in bubbles or circling the rightanswer, students scratch-off boxes for 
their chosen answer.
Board considers language program
Although elementary school students may soon have the option of taking foreign language classes, manyobstacles like the extra cost and the lengthened school schedule still block the program’s implementation.
Michela Fossati-Bellani
/
The Campanile
“Scratcher” tests give students instant feedback
In each correct answer box, there is a
star to represent that the chosen answer iscorrect; if a student chooses the incorrect
answer, the box will be blank.
However, if the student misses thequestion, he or she can try again andobtain partial credit, depending on the
teacher’s specic grading policy.
This year, Suzanne Antink issueda scratcher test for her Geometry class
nal.
Though scratcher tests have been
used earlier this year for other subjects,this is the rst time in school history
that a scratcher test will being used ina math class.Antink feels that because studentscan get more than one chance at a prob-
lem, it will benet them more than regular 
multiple choice questions would.“I think that by allowing students asecond chance, they are more motivatedto go through the problem and try again,”Antink said.Antink’s motivation behind admin-istering a scratcher test for her geometry
class nal is that the scratcher test teaches
students as well as tests them.
“A normal nal is not a learningexperience,” Antink said. “It is a summa
-tive test to see how much a student haslearned. By including the scratch portionof the test, hopefully students will do the
 problems, learn more and make the nalinto a true learning experience.”
In addition to helping the studentslearn more and become more motivatedto do well on the test, Antink said that thescratcher test method would help raisesome of the test grades.
“This nal isn’t that hard of a test,”
Antink said. “Most students get As, Bsor Cs, but hopefully with the addition of the new scratcher tests, the students canraise their grades a little higher. Plus, byknowing the answer right away, the testgives students a little more courage andhelp them score higher.”In addition to the Math Depart-ment, the History and Social SciencesDepartment have also used scratcher tests in recent years in classes such asAP U.S. History and AP Psychology.AP U.S. History teacher Jack Bungar-den issued a scratcher test earlier in theschool year, while each of the Economicsclasses took a scratcher test as well as a
scratcher nal.
“I liked doing the scratcher tests,”Bungarden said. “I like how studentscan know whether or not they got thequestion right immediately. But before I
administer another one, I’d need to gureout the logistics rst.”
Although many of the teachers are infavor of the scratcher tests, concerns have been raised about cheating, as studentsknow what the correct answer is imme-
diately after nishing the problem.
To compensate, Antink made 12different versions of the test, whichshe hopes will prevent students fromcheating.“I’m not too worried about the
cheating aspect for this nal,” Antink said. “With the 12 different versions of 
the test, there is only a slim chance thatstudents will know each other’s answers.
We could even have 25 versions if we
wanted to.”Although Antink has high hopesfor the scratcher test, she does not knowwhether or not she will continue to usethe scratcher tests in years to come.“This is a trial period,” Antink said.
“We’re going to test it a lot before we
decide if we want to keep it.”
The answers to scratcher tests are hidden under scratch-off choices.Students know immediately if they are correct by discovering a star.
Elizabeth Petit
/
The Campanile
Elementary school students may receive foreign language class options
 ASB considers off-campus locationfor traditional Sadie Hawkins Dance
“I was completely and utterly dismayed,” Keller-
man said. “We ended up spent four hours cleaning
up.”McEvoy and Berk-son said the school will be pressing charges uponlearning the identities of the culprits.
“We are absolutely
 planning to press charges,” McEvoy said. “Regardless
of the extent of the damage, [the students responsible]
are going to have to face the school system and the penal system.”Berkson said he feels sure the culprits will befound, though they “were smart enough not to doanything stupid.”“There were some mistakes that were made,
which we are condent will [help implicate thoseresponsible],” Berkson said.
In response to the library break-in, the adminis-tration and Kellerman hope to increase the level of security surrounding the library in order to preventfuture vandalism.The fact that it did noteven require a forced entry iscause for more concern.“I would like to havea better security system,”Kellerman said. “Everyone
wants it. It’s just a matter of 
getting it done.”
Currently, though, the administration has no de
-nite plans for security upgrades. Any money spent onincreased security would come out of general fund.“It would basically mean less money for students,”Berkson added.
Though PAPD ofcers went out to the library
upon receiving Kellerman’s call, the police departmentis currently responding to the incident as a simple prank, Sergeant Sandra Brown said. Unless the Paly
administration nds anything new, the police will have
only minimal involvement in the investigation.
Paly students expressed anger over the incident.
“I’m appalled, especially about the computers because it hits students more than the administration,”
senior Max Lloyd said.But others said vandalism was to be expected.“It was a long weekend,” junior Courtney Hancock 
said, “so I’m not surprised.”Regardless, it seems that at the heart of both inci-dents was a lack of respect for the facilities, studentsand administration.
“The sad irony is that it was just Martin Luther King’s birthday,” Kellerman said. “What are we sup
-
 posed to be doing? Good for the world. What were stu
-dents doing? Taking a public good and trashing it.”
 Disclaimer: The photos and details of the vandalismreported in this article were obtained from an anony-mous source in contact with those responsible but not a participant.
VANDALISM,
 
Continued from A1
 Vandalism strikes Paly library over long weekend after nals
B
y
y
elly
B
itton
Staff Writer 
The School Board’s Foreign Lan-guage in Elementary School (FLES)committee presented a report detailingan implementation plan for a possible program to offer foreign language stud-ies in elementary schools at the Jan.
15 Palo Alto Unied School District
School Board meeting. The report will be taken into consideration during theStrategic Planning Process, a methodfor the School Board to determine the
district’s short term goals for the next
three to four years and will take placein the coming months. FLES will be alarge piece of the conversations that willtake place.The School Board created theFLES committee in September 2007to conduct research on other effectiveFLES programs and possible foreignlanguage alternatives to FLES. Thecommittee reported back on the imple-mentation requirements and budget for a possible, effective FLES program inthe PAUSD.
“We contacted schools all over with
effective FLES programs and foundthat those programs, all of them, havea number of things in common,” FLEScommittee Co-Chair Marilyn Cook saidat the Jan. 15 School Board meeting.The committee took the commonqualities from effective FLES programsand created a list of program assump-tions.These assumptions include offeringthe program for all students, holdingthe program during the regular schoolday, lengthening the school day to provide adequate time for the program,creating curriculum that would help
students develop prociency in the for 
-eign language and linking the programto secondary programs present in themiddle schools.“Research shows studying another language at a young age enhances cog-nitive development and creativity inthinking,” Cook said.The report suggested spending
60-75 minutes a week with children ingrades third through fth because they
have already developed literacy skills inEnglish, which can be easily transferredto another language.
“We’d love to start at kindergarten, but not a lot of prociency would be cre
-ated from those additional three years,”Cook said. “Students in third grade haveliteracy skills so they would learn to thesame level at half the cost. In order tostay as practical as possible, third gradeis the place to start.”Creating a FLES program wouldaffect foreign language classes through-out all the schools in the district. After  participating in the FLES program in
elementary school, student prociency
would be at an equivalent of level threeforeign language course upon enteringhigh school, changing the courses avail-able both in middle and high school.“The foreign language teachers have been rooting for something like this for along time,” committee member and Gunn
World Language Instructional Supervisor 
Anne Jensen said at the meeting.Obstacles for the program include
adding yet another subject to the elemen
-tary school curriculum and the decisionof which language to offer. The budgetis an even larger issue to surmount. Atthe current grade level and enrollment,
the project would cost an estimated $1.1
million per year for the entire district,which would only increase with enroll-ment.Additionally, other fees such as thecost of lengthening the school day arenot included in this estimate.The cost would be a big burden for the district, in contrast to immersion programs that require no additionalcost because they are taught by onlythe normal amount of teachers as aregular class.The School Board is keeping thereport and will refer to it during the Stra-tegic Planning Process. It also considersforeign language an important, valuableskill that is worth pursuing.“I can understand in our global so-ciety why people want to learn a foreignlanguage,” Superintendent Kevin Skellysaid at the meeting. “I think we can takethis report and build from it a discussionto make a good decision.”A key issue on the mind of the SchoolBoard members is whether or not a for-eign language program needs to strive
for prociency in literacy.“Is excellent the enemy of the good?”
Townsend asked. “I’ve gained the wis-dom of knowing you don’t have to haveit all. If we can start with conversationalskills, that already is a big step and may be enough.”Other Board members also plan todiscuss alternatives or a scaled downversion of FLES.“I hate this to be a black and whiteissue,” School Board member Melissa
Caswell said at the meeting. “We need to
look at different scales while discussingthe strategic plan.”Still, the Board recognizes the reportas a success and will utilize it throughoutthe coming months.“The question answered is what kindof a quality program we can put out there,”School Board member Dana Tom saidat the meeting. “Now we need to decide
what is possible, yet benecial. This isdenitely worth further discussion.”
Having the girl ask the boy to be her date to the dance is anintegral custom that differentiates a Sadie Hawkins dance froman otherwise typical dance. Palo Alto High School’s AssociatedStudent Body (ASB) plans to bring this widely celebrated tradi-tion to Paly in late February.
“This isn’t the rst time Paly has had a Sadies, I don’t know
when or why we stopped having them, but we all decided it
should denitely be brought back,” ASB Social Commissioner 
Helene Zahoudanis said.Because the concept behind the dance is having a girl ask a boy to go with her, the chosen dress theme is inspired by thisidea of a “date-dance.”“The theme is ‘perfect match’ which is intentionally broad,”Zahoudanis said. The theme of “perfect match” is to havecouples wear similar clothing or match in other ways, and hasfew limitations.ASB plans to encourage students to follow the dance’s datetradition by considering reducing the ticket price for couples.“Many details haven’t been worked out yet, but we’re tryingto make this dance nicer to encourage people to go with dates,”
Zahoudanis said. “We wanted to have the dance at a location
other than Paly, but that would involve raising ticket prices and people weren’t too happy about that.”In order to have the dance in a location outside of Paly,
ticket prices would have to increase prices to approximately$50 or $60.
The dance will be held from 7:30 p.m. to 10:30 p.m. on
Friday, Feb. 29. The location has yet to be conrmed.
 —Kelley Shin
Staff Writer 
“We are absolutely planning to presscharges.”
Jacqueline McEvoyPrincipal
 
News
January 28, 2008 • A3
The Campanile
Colleges accept fewer applicants in early applications
Early admissions races become more rigorous as colleges receive a growing number of qualied applicants
 There are also a few potential problems that may surface withintroducing an new AP Economicscourse.“One of the questions you alwayshave is ‘Are the kids going to comeout of another [elective] class?’”Paly principal Jacqueline McEvoysaid. “[We have to] take into consid-eration the impact on other courseofferings.”According to McEvoy, another course may have to close if AP Eco-nomics becomes available. If APEconomics is offered, the U.S. Foreign
Policy class would be the rst to face
elimination since, according to Bloom,most students would not sign up for Foreign Policy anymore, due to thelure of the advanced placement statusof the new class.One problem for both potentialstudents and teachers is the shortenedamount of time allowed to prepare for the AP exam.“[The class] is in a compressedtime frame so you have to do a fullsemester’s worth of work in threeweeks less than a full semester,”Bloom said. “Its pace would be reallyrigorous.”However, students seem to showan interest in taking a more challeng-ing economics class.“I would probably want to takeAP Econ,” junior Garrett Morton said.“It seems like an interesting class
B
y
G
loria
y
u
Staff Writer 
With Early Decision results released andthe majority of regular admissions turned in,the general public is aware of the drop in Earlyacceptance rates and the competitiveness thisadmissions season is shaping up to be for the2009 graduating class.“While many colleges saw increases inthe number of early applications, that trendis most pronounced at the nation’s most eliteschools,” said Purvi Moody, co-owner andoperator of Insight Education, an online col-lege counseling service.With the disappearance of Early Admis-sion programs at Harvard University andPrinceton University, students that wouldhave applied to those two schools appliedearly elsewhere. Yale University received anincrease of 36 percent this year. GeorgetownUniversity received a record number of Early Action applicants with an increase of 31 percent.The University of Chicago experiencedone of the greatest increases across the coun-try with an astounding 42 percent increasein Early applicants. On the other hand, Duke
University showed only a ve percent rise in
early applications.“The increase in applications is a trendthat has been occurring for the past decade,”Moody said, “All hope is not lost for students.Colleges want to admit students that havetaken initiative, pursued their passions andworked hard.”Although many colleges saw an increasein the number of Early applicants, statisticsshow that many schools do not plan to increasethe number of students accepted for this year  — the result is a drop in Early Admissions.However, many colleges will defer strongapplicants to the regular admission and re-evaluate those students with the remainingapplicants.These elite colleges are becoming morecompetitive because across the country thisyear, because there will be more seniorsgraduating from high school this year. Thisis approximately 3,330,000 compared to the3,303,000 in 2007.“The number is expected to begin dippingafter the class of 2008,” said Moody, who hashad 10 years of experience with statisticalevaluation of college admission results.In California alone, 13,890 more studentswill graduate from high school, the greatestincrease of any U.S. state.Along with the increased number of stu-dents graduating from high school, a higher  percentage of graduating seniors are applyingto four-year institutions of higher education,according to Moody. Of the more than 3.33million students graduating, 1.86 millionof those students are predicted to receive a bachelor’s degree in 2012, compared to 1.80million in 2007.“With greater access to higher education
and more students revising their nancial aid
 policies to make college more affordable,students that may not have applied to collegeare now doing so,” Moody said.The Silicon Valley is a sanction for thiseffect. According to Moody, this trend is partlyfueled by students’ fears that they must haveseveral safeties on their college list.“This has a trickle down effect and those“safety” schools become increasingly com- petitive,” Moody said.The number of international students ap- plying have also increased and have become
a conict for applying students. Usually,international school students were led intoa separate pool in the admission ofces from
domestic students, but many colleges areincreasing their international applicant poolin an effort to bring greater diversity andexperience to campus, Moody said.The statistics reveal that colleges have
had to decline more qualied applicants to
sustain a steady student population.“Every year there are surprises — studentsthat others thought were shoe-ins for schoolsand students that shock others with their ac-ceptances,” Moody said.Harvard denied admission to four out of 
ve valedictorians and hundreds of students
that ace the SAT with a perfect 2400 do notmake the cut at the University of Pennsyl-vania. While a student may be well-rounded
and have a personality t for a specic col
-lege, colleges may not recognize this in theadmissions process. There are more than2,000 four-year undergraduate institutions inthe U.S. alone. In 2007, almost 300 collegeswere still accepting applications in late Julyfor fall 2007 enrollment.“While getting into college is more dif-
cult, it is important for students to realize that
college is accessible,” Moody said. “Everystudent can go to a four-year school.”While the population boom will peak withthis graduating class, the enrollment numbersare predicted to keep rising. This means that thecompetition will not curb anytime soon. Butmany colleges, such as Stanford University,are putting plans into place to enroll morestudents in the upcoming years.While this translates to just a few morestudents every year, colleges intend to in-
crease enrollment signicantly over time.
For example, Meg Whitman, of eBay and her husband will donate $30 million to Princeton to build a new residential college to house morestudents. In the long term, college admissionscraze will eventually stabilize.Most Paly students fare well in the collegeadmissions process, Moody said.Paly, as one of the top ranked high schoolsin the country, can offer students outstandingresources, opportunities and experiences, add-ing to a college-going culture.“While it is important to understand thecollege admissions landscape, we cannotchange it,” Moody said. “In college applica-tions, students should stress what makes themunique and show depth.”
Stacy Levichev
/
The Campanile
Palo Alto High School students prepare for early university admissions by utilizing online sources, including CommonApplication; College admission statistics revealed that 60,000 more students will attend college in 2008 than last year.
ECONOMICS
,
Continued from A1
History department to offer semester long AP Economics elective over the fall of 2008
 
and it could go into more detail thanregular econ.”Some current seniors agree thatAP Economics would be a good classto have at Paly.“I would have personally lovedto have AP economics as a coursechoice,” senior Jenny Ji said. “I think it would be a wonderful idea to addan AP economics course at Paly. Itwould give students who wish to takethe course a depth of information thatregular economics cannot provide.”In addition to adding an AP Eco-nomics class at Paly, the social stud-ies department considered switchingaround the sequence of social studiesclasses. Paly, Gunn and Superinten-dent Kevin Skelly discussed the pos-sible change.Currently, the typical breakdownof social studies classes in the Palo
Alto Unied School District (PAUSD)
is that freshmen take World History,sophomores take U.S. Governmentand Contemporary World History, juniors take U.S. History and seniorstake Economics and a Social Studieselective.However, most of the state of California does U.S. Governmentsenior year, Bloom said.This creates a problem for stu-dents who move from other parts of the
state, as they may be behind in fulll
-ing social studies courses because of Palo Alto’s unique sequence.Gunn principal Noreen Likins,who supports changing the sequenceof classes, believes that U.S. Govern-ment would be a much better class for senior year because most students turn18 years old and can register to vote,so the class is more relevant and lesstheoretical.If the sequence change were tooccur, ninth grade World Historywould be moved to tenth grade andU.S. government and Economicswould be senior year social studiesclasses, according to Likins. Ninthgrade would no longer require a socialstudies course. Nevertheless, Paly stands by thecurrent PAUSD sequence of socialstudies classes.“What we do works well for us,” Bloom said. “U.S. Government prepares kids for understanding thechallenges of the developing worldas well as understanding the [UnitedStates] Constitution. When studentsgo to U.S. History, [it helps them]understand how the U.S. governmentworks.Bloom and Skelly have alreadydiscussed the change and decided notto change the order of social studiescourses at Paly.While the sequence of classeswill not be changed for the follow-ing school year, the AP Economicscourse will be ready for the 2008-2009school year.
“AP Econ is a denite for next
year. It’s going to be in the coursecatalog and it’s all set to go,” McE-voy said.makeup tests, McEvoy said.CST scores are one of the components of the school’sranking in the Academic Performance Index, a statewidescale measuring a school’s academic performance andgrowth.According to McEvoy, Paly ranks nine out of ten inthe similar schools rank, which compares a school to 100other schools of the same type and similar demographiccharacteristics, while Henry M. Gunn High School ranksa ten.“My money is on that if all students take the CST thenwe would rank higher than Gunn,” McEvoy said.Last year, Gunn made it mandatory for AP and honor students to participate in STAR testing.“I’ve heard that after Gunn implemented [the rule],the junior class participation increased a high percent-age,” said Chuck Merritt, Paly assistant principal. Therewere only a “handful” of students at Gunn who were notallowed to take the AP class because they did not take theCST, McEvoy said.According to the 2006 and 2007 test results for the CSTEnglish-Language Arts portion, junior class participation at
Gunn increased by ve percent after the requirement was
enforced, from 88.8 percent to 93.7 percent enrollment.Last year, only 73.3 percent of the junior class at PaloAlto High School took the English section.“I’ve heard people say that people don’t take the star tests because they don’t believe in standardized tests,”Merritt said. “but they are taking AP tests which are stan-dardized tests, so I don’t know why they reject them.”Though some may feel positively about the issue,many students feel this enforcement is unnecessary.“It’s clear that the goal of the administration is toraise star testing scores by making testing mandatory for AP students,” senior Jenny Ji said. “It would be a futile
attempt by the school to articially inate on star testing
scores.”McEvoy holds an optimistic view about students’reactions towards this new change.“I hope students will see the connection,” McEvoysaid. “Students really shouldn’t see it as a punishment.”
STAR 
,
Continued from A1
B
y
a
llison
C
oleman
Staff Writer 
Mark Rosekind, president and chief scientist of Alert-ness Solutions, spoke to students and parents from PaloAlto schools about the importance of sleep at Palo AltoHigh School on Jan. 9.During his presentation, Rosekind covered everythingfrom the risks associated with not getting enough sleepand the biological factors that create these risks, to what people need to do to avoid sleep deprivation.Rosekind began his talk by mentioning the societal pressures to stay awake for longer than is consideredhealthy. He showed a picture of a bulletin board at MountainView High School that read, “Sleep is for Slackers.”“We’re expected to operate around the clock, but our  bodies are just not designed for this,” Rosekind said.Some people, such as Joan Jacobus, the mother of two Gunn students, were surprised by how much sleep a person really needs.“I learned that most of us need to be getting a lot moresleep than we are,” Jacobus said.According to Rosekind, one result of too little sleepis that a person’s reaction time slows by 25 percent, adangerous amount of time for a sleepy driver. Judgmentand decision-making are also negatively affected by lossof sleep, which might prompt a person to decide to driveknowing that it might not be safe.“Sleep deprivation makes people make riskier choices,” Rosekind said.According to Rosekind, over one million car crasheseach year are caused by a sleep-deprived driver, morecrashes than those related to drugs or alcohol.Losing four hours affects a person as negatively as
consuming ve to six beers, which equates to a bloodalcohol level of about .095 percent, a denite DUI.
“It doesn’t matter who you are,” Rosekind said. “Youlose sleep, there is a cost.”Besides causing people to make poor decisions, lack of sleep negatively affects mood and causes lapses inattention to increase in frequency by up to 500 percent,which, according to Rosekind, explains the blank stares
on students’ faces in rst and second periods.
“Most teenagers need nine to ten hours of sleep everynight, but very few teenagers actually sleep for that long,”Rosekind said.This was new information for many parents.“I was surprised when I heard him say that teenag-ers need nine to ten hours of sleep,” Walsh said. “I didn’trealize it was that much.”The times when people are most tired are determined by an internal timer, called the circadian clock, whichregulates when a person feels sleepy or more alert. Most
adults feel sleepiest from three to ve in the morning.
In teenagers, this clock can shift depending on bedtimeand especially on when they wake up. A teen could feelsleepiest from 6:00 to 8:00 a.m. - when he or she wouldhave to be waking up to go to school.Symptoms of this delayed sleep phase are a late“fall asleep” time and trouble waking up in the morning,Rosekind said.A phenomenon related to sleep deprivation is calledSunday Night Insomnia, according to Rosekind. This oc-curs when people stay up late on the weekends and sleepin on Saturday and Sunday mornings. On Sunday night, people have trouble readjusting to falling asleep and wakingup earlier,so they have trouble sleeping Sunday night.The way to avoid sleep deprivation is to have good“sleep hygiene,” which means having regular wake-uptimes and using a regular pre-sleep routine.Rosekind also recommended naps if people are notable to achieve the right amount of sleep at night. A napshould be 40 to 45 minutes long, according to Rosekind,and people should allow 15 minutes of “wake-up” timeafter napping.“He was a phenomenal speaker,” Diana Walsh, a par-ent of students at Paly, Jordan Middle School and AddisonElementary School, said. “ He obviously had a good dealof knowledge on the subject, and he was very engagingwhen talking about a subject that could have made us alla little sleepy.”Suzie Lincoln, the mother of students attending GunnHigh School, Terman Middle School and Nixon ElementarySchool, agreed with Walsh.“He was very dynamic and he did a great job givinga lot of information,” she said.
Hannah McGovern
/
The Campanile
Research scientist Mark Rosekind present research ndings on effects of sleep deprivation to Palo Alto
parents. According to Rosekind, teenagers require nine to ten hours of sleep in order to function fully.
Risky teen sleeping habits discussed
Research nds sleep deprivation impairs decision making and judgement
New regulation finalized to require APstudents to participate in STAR testing
 

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