SAP ABAP Performance Interview Questions
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ABAP PERFORMANCE ISSUES.
ABAP/4 Optimization¨ Use the GET RUN TIME command to help evaluate performance. It’s hard to know whether that optimization techniqueREALLY helps unless you test it out. Using this tool can help you know what is effective, under what kinds of conditions. TheGET RUN TIME has problems under multiple CPUs, so you should use it to test small pieces of your program, rather than thewhole program.¨ Avoid ‘SELECT *’, especially in tables that have a lot of fields. Use SELECT A B C INTO instead, so that fields are onlyread if they are used. This can make a very big difference.¨ Field-groups can be useful for multi-level sorting and displaying. However, they write their data to the system’s pagingspace, rather than to memory (internal tables use memory). For this reason, field-groups are only appropriate for processing largelists (e.g. over 50,000 records). If you have large lists, you should work with the systems administrator to decide the maximumamount of RAM your program should use, and from that, calculate how much space your lists will use. Then you can decidewhether to write the data to memory or swap space. See the Fieldgroups ABAP example.¨ Use as many table keys as possible in the WHERE part of your select statements.¨ Whenever possible, design the program to access a relatively constant number of records (for instance, if you only accessthe transactions for one month, then there probably will be a reasonable range, like 1200-1800, for the number of transactionsinputted within that month). Then use a SELECT A B C INTO TABLE ITAB statement.¨ Get a good idea of how many records you will be accessing. Log into your productive system, and use SE80 -> DictionaryObjects (press Edit), enter the table name you want to see, and press Display. Go To Utilities -> Table Contents to query the tablecontents and see the number of records. This is extremely useful in optimizing a program’s memory allocation.¨ Try to make the user interface such that the program gradually unfolds more information to the user, rather than giving ahuge list of information all at once to the user.¨ Declare your internal tables using OCCURS NUM_RECS, where NUM_RECS is the number of records you expect to beaccessing. If the number of records exceeds NUM_RECS, the data will be kept in swap space (not memory).¨ Use SELECT A B C INTO TABLE ITAB whenever possible. This will read all of the records into the itab in one operation,rather than repeated operations that result from a SELECT A B C INTO ITAB… ENDSELECT statement. Make sure that ITABis declared with OCCURS NUM_RECS, where NUM_RECS is the number of records you expect to access.¨ Many tables contain totals fields (such as monthly expense totals). Use these avoid wasting resources by calculating a totalthat has already been calculated and stored.¨ Program Analysis UtilityTo determine the usage of variables and subroutines within a program, you can use the ABAP utility called ‘Program Analysis’included in transaction SE38. To do so, execute transaction SE38, enter your program name, then use the path Utilities ->Program AnalysisABAP PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENTS VIA DATA DICTIONARY¨ INDEX CREATION SUGGESTIONS RELATED TO DATABASE PERFORMANCE