The Nature-Nurture Debate on Human Sexual Orientation; Kevin Brewer; 2006Answers in Psychology No.3; ISBN: 978-1-904542-23-0 3
SEXGENDERSEXUALITYSEXUAL ORIENTATIONSexual orientation and behaviour seem to be coreparts of an individual. Today, in Western society, itmanifests itself in diverse ways, but at the same time intraditional ways:
Sexual diversity has been a familiar fact of lifethroughout recorded history.. In the industrialisedNorth for the past several centuries the main focusfor regulating and controlling it has been throughfashioning a sharp divide between heterosexual("normal") and homosexual ("abnormal", "perverted","deviant") patterns (Weeks 2001 p5).
Heterosexuality is the behaviour of the vastmajority (or so it seems). But how many people are in thehomosexual minority depends on the definition used. It isestimated that around 2% of women and 4% of men worldwidelive exclusively as homosexuals (MacKay 2000).The accuracy of this figure is open to question, andis larger including individuals who hide theirhomosexuality or who are not exclusive in that sexualpreference.Kinsey et al's (1948) classic study of white USmales found that 37% admitted to some homosexualexperience (to the point of orgasm) in adolescence oradulthood. Reanalysis of a sub-sample of this data, byGagnon and Simon (1973), to include experiences after theage of fifteen years only, produced a figure of around15%. While any homosexual experience by age forty-fivefor women was reported at 20% (Kinsey et al 1953).Mosher et al (2005 quoted in LeVay and Valente2006), using modern sampling techniques with the NationalHealth Statistics Center (NHSC) survey in the US, foundthat only 1.5% of men and 0.7% of women were exclusivelyattracted to the same sex. This research may be moreaccurate because it was a self-administered computer-based survey.
It is always important to clarify the terms involved