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Neocolonialism

Neocolonialism

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Published by Ali Raza Syed

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Published by: Ali Raza Syed on May 03, 2011
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Institute of Business Management International Relations
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Page Neo-colonialism
 
Table of Contents
 Neocolonialism ........................................................................................................................................ 3Quotes about Neo-Colonialism ................................................................................................................ 5Origins of the term: charges against former colonial powers .................................................................... 5Pan-African and Nonaligned movements ................................................................................................. 6Paternalistic neocolonialism .................................................................................................................... 7Françafrique ............................................................................................................................................ 7Francophone ........................................................................................................................................... 8Belgian Congo .......................................................................................................................................... 8United Kingdom ....................................................................................................................................... 8Neocolonialism as economic dominance.................................................................................................. 8Dependency theory ............................................................................................................................... 10The Cold War ......................................................................................................................................... 10Multinational corporations .................................................................................................................... 11Defense of investment ........................................................................................................................... 11International financial institutions ......................................................................................................... 11Neocolonialism allegations against the IMF ........................................................................................... 12Alternatives to IMF Influence ................................................................................................................. 13Sino-African relations ............................................................................................................................ 13South Korea's land acquisitions .............................................................................................................. 14Other approaches to the concept of neocolonialism .......................................................................... 15Cultural theory ...................................................................................................................................... 15Post colonialism theory.......................................................................................................................... 15Critical theory ........................................................................................................................................ 16Conservation and Neocolonialism .......................................................................................................... 16The mechanisms of neo-colonialism ...................................................................................................... 16The myth of Neo-colonialism ................................................................................................................. 29Colonialism bred political crisis .............................................................................................................. 29Real or false Independence .................................................................................................................... 32Integration into global market ............................................................................................................... 34The idea of progress .............................................................................................................................. 35
 
Institute of Business Management International Relations
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Page Neo-colonialism
 
Modernization requires internal changes ............................................................................................... 36Chinas Neo-colonialism ......................................................................................................................... 38Counting on China ................................................................................................................................. 39Worrying trends .................................................................................................................................... 40
 
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Neocolonialism
 Neocolonialism is a term used by post-colonial critics of developed countries'involvement in the developing world. Writings within the theoretical framework of neocolonialism argue that existing or past international economic arrangements created by former colonial powers were or are used to maintain control of their former coloniesand dependencies after the colonial independence movements of the post-World War II period. The term
neocolonialism
can combine a critique of current
actual 
colonialism(where some states continue administrating foreign territories and their populations inviolation of United Nations resolutions
[1]
) and a critique of the involvement of moderncapitalist businesses in nations which were former colonies. Critics adherent toneocolonialism contend that multinational corporations continue to exploit the resourcesof post-colonial states, and that this economic control inherent to neocolonialism is akinto the classical, European colonialism practiced from the 16th to the 20th centuries. In broader usage, neocolonialism may simply refer to the involvement of powerful countriesin the affairs of less powerful countries; this is especially relevant in modern LatinAmerica. In this sense,
neocolonialism
implies a form of contemporary, economicimperialism: that powerful nations behave like colonial powers of imperialism, and thatthis behavior is likened to colonialism in a post-colonial world. Neocolonialism can be defined as the continuation of the economic model of colonialismafter a colonized territory has achieved formal political independence. This concept wasapplied most commonly to Africa in the latter half of the twentieth century. Europeancountries had colonized most of the continent in the late nineteenth century, instituting asystem of economic exploitation in which African raw materials, particularly cash cropsand minerals, were expropriated and exported to the sole benefit of the colonizing power.The idea of neocolonialism, however, suggests that when European powers grantednominal political independence to colonies in the decades after World War II, theycontinued to control the economies of the new African countries.The concept of neocolonialism has several theoretical influences. First and foremost, itowes much to Marxist thinking. Writing in the late nineteenth century, Karl Marx arguedthat capitalism represented a stage in the socioeconomic development of humanity. He believed that, ultimately and inevitably, the capitalist system in industrially developedcountries would be overthrown by a revolution of the working class; this would result inthe establishment of socialist utopias. In 1916, Vladimir Lenin modified this thesis,claiming that the rapid expansion of European imperialism around the world in the lastdecade of the nineteenth century had marked the highest stage of capitalism. Presumably,then, the end of imperialism (which Lenin believed would be the result of World War I)would mark the beginning of the end of capitalism. However, neither imperialism nor 

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