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PCO oceanography

PCO oceanography

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Published by joshigauta

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Published by: joshigauta on May 03, 2011
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History of oceanography
‡The first contribution was made by fishermen,merchants and traders as they explored oceanmargins in search of new routes or fishinggrounds‡Some basic principles of oceanography wereunderstand by ancient scientists‡Aristotle, for instance noted in the fourth centuryB.C. that the sea neither dries up nor overflows;thus the amount of rainfall is equal toevaporation over the earth
 
History of oceanography
‡Ptolemy (A. D. 150) developed a scheme of latitude and longitude for charting the knownworld and made surprisingly accurate maps of the Eastern hemisphere‡The Venerable Bede (673-735) knew that themoon controls the tides‡In 15
th
century, cardinal Nicholas tries to devisea method of calculating the sea¶s depth withoutusing a line. He suggested the rate of rise of abuoyant object in, ³diverse waters´ of knowndepth.
 
History of oceanography
‡During later, the explorers circled the earth andmade charts as they went‡During seventeenth century scientists as Sir Robert Boyle (1627-1691) studied oceantemperatures, water pressure, sea salts and theeffect of storm waves‡Study of oceanic processes were expensive andtime consuming, most major advances havebeen sponsored by Governments or by verywealthy individuals

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