ore sophisticated aquarists may make other modifications to their basewater source to modify the water's alkalinity, hardness, or dissolvedcontent of organics and gases, before adding it to their aquaria. This canbe accomplished by a range of different additives, such as sodiumbicarbonate to raise pH.Some aquarists will evenfilter or purify their
water prior to adding it to their aquarium. There are two processes usedfor that:deionizationor reverse osmosis. In contrast, public aquaria with
large water needs often locate themselves near a natural water source(such as a river, lake, or ocean) in order to have easy access to a largevolume of water that does not require much further treatment.
Thetemperatureof the water forms the basis of one of the two most basicaquarium classifications:tropicalvs.cold water .
ost fish and plantspecies tolerate only a limited range of water temperatures: Tropical or warm water aquaria, with an average temperature of about 25°C (77°F),are much more common, andtropical fishare among the most popular aquarium denizens. Cold water aquaria are those with temperatures belowwhat would be considered tropical; a variety of fish are better suited to thiscooler environment.
ore importantly than the temperature range itself isthe consistency in temperature; most organisms are not accustomed tosudden changes in temperatures, which could cause shock and lead todisease.Water temperature can be regulated with a combinedthermometer and heater unit (or, more rarely, with a cooling unit).