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C Interview Questions

C Interview Questions

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Published by Sandeep
C Interview Questions,C, Interview,C Questions, C Interview
C Interview Questions,C, Interview,C Questions, C Interview

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Published by: Sandeep on Sep 03, 2008
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09/23/2012

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C Interview Questions
And Answers
Visit TechPreparation.com for more interview questions andanswers
 
C Interview Questions and Answers
What is C language?
 The C programming language is a standardized programming languagedeveloped in the early 1970s by Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie foruse on the UNIX operating system. It has since spread to many otheroperating systems, and is one of the most widely used programminglanguages. C is prized for its efficiency, and is the most popularprogramming language for writing system software, though it is alsoused for writing applications.
printf() FunctionWhat is the output of printf("%d")?
1. When we write printf("%d",x); this means compiler will print thevalue of x. But as here, there is nothing after %d so compiler will showin output window garbage value.2. When we use %d the compiler internally uses it to access theargument in the stack (argument stack). Ideally compiler determinesthe offset of the data variable depending on the format specificationstring. Now when we write printf("%d",a) then compiler first accessesthe top most element in the argument stack of the printf which is %dand depending on the format string it calculated to offset to the actualdata variable in the memory which is to be printed. Now when only %dwill be present in the printf then compiler will calculate the correctoffset (which will be the offset to access the integer variable) but asthe actual data object is to be printed is not present at that memorylocation so it will print what ever will be the contents of that memorylocation.3. Some compilers check the format string and will generate an errorwithout the proper number and type of arguments for things likeprintf(...) and scanf(...).
 
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malloc() Function- What is the difference between "calloc(...)" and"malloc(...)"?
1. calloc(...) allocates a block of memory for an array of elements of acertain size. By default the block is initialized to 0. The total number of memory allocated will be (number_of_elements * size).malloc(...) takes in only a single argument which is the memoryrequired in bytes. malloc(...) allocated bytes of memory and not blocksof memory like calloc(...).
 
2. malloc(...) allocates memory blocks and returns a void pointer to theallocated space, or NULL if there is insufficient memory available.calloc(...) allocates an array in memory with elements initialized to 0and returns a pointer to the allocated space. calloc(...) calls malloc(...)in order to use the C++ _set_new_mode function to set the newhandler mode.
printf() Function- What is the difference between "printf(...)" and"sprintf(...)"?
sprintf(...) writes data to the character array whereas printf(...) writes data to thestandard output device.
Compilation How to reduce a final size of executable?
Size of the final executable can be reduced using dynamic linking forlibraries.
Linked Lists -- Can you tell me how to check whether a linked list is circular?
Create two pointers, and set both to the start of the list. Update eachas follows:while (pointer1) {pointer1 = pointer1->next;pointer2 = pointer2->next;if (pointer2) pointer2=pointer2->next;if (pointer1 == pointer2) {print ("circular");}}
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