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cap 7 Braja Das Mecanica de Suelos

cap 7 Braja Das Mecanica de Suelos

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Published by Roberto Schotz

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Published by: Roberto Schotz on May 03, 2011
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08/17/2013

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206
6
Consolidaci6n
6.26
Unestratodearcillade4mdeespesorestadrenadaarribayabajo.terfsticasson
CV/
=c,(paradrenajevertical)=0.0039m
2
/dfa,
rw
=2002m.Estimeelgradodeconsolidaciondelestratodearcillacausadapor
binacion
dedrenajeverticalyradialen
t
=0.2,0.4,0.8
Y
unaiio.Barron,R.
A.
(1948)."ConsolidationofFine-GrainedSoilsby
Transactions,AmericanSocietyofCivilEngineers,
Vol.113,718-754.Casagrande,A.(1936)."J)etermin~tion~fthePreconsoli~ationLoadandItsSignificance,"
Proceedings,
.Ist'InternationalConferenceonSoilFoundationEngineering,Cambridge,MA,Vol.3,60-64.Casagrande,
A.,
andFadum,
R.
E.(1940)."NotesonSoilTestingforPurposes,"HarvardUniversityGraduateSchoolEngineeringPublicationJohnson,S.1(1970)."PrecompressionforImprovingFoundationSoil,"
SoilMechanicsandFoundationsDivision,
AmericanSocietyofCivilVol.96,No.SM1,114-144.Mesri,
G
(1973)."CoefficientofSecondaryCompression,"
JournaloftheSoilandFoundationsDivision,
ASCE,Vol.99,No.SM1,122-137.Nagaraj,T.,andMurty,B.
R.
S.(1985)."PredictionofthePreconsolidationRecompressionIndexofSoils,"
GeotechnicalTestingJournal,
ASTM,Vol.8,199-202.Rendon-Herrero,O.(1983)."UniversalCompressionIndexEquation,"
JournalofGeotechnicalEngineering,
ASCE,Vol.109,No.10,1349.Schmertmann,
J.
H.(1953).."UndisturbedConsolidationBehaviorofClay,"ASCE,Vol.120,1201.Taylor,
D.
W(1942)."ResearchonConsolidationofClays,"
SerialNo.
82,DepartmentandSanitaryEngineering,MassachusettsInstituteofTechnology,Cambridge,Terzaghi,K.(1925).
ErdbaumechanikaufBodenphysikalischerGrundlage,
Deuticke,Terzaghi,K.,andPeck,
R.
B.
(1967).
SoilMechanicsinEngineeringPractice,
Wiley,NewYork.
Referenciassuplementariasparaestudioedtcionel
Legget,
R.
F,
andPeckover,
F
L.
(1973).".FoundationPerformanceofaBridge,"
CanadianGeotechnical.Tournal,
Vol.10,No.3,504-519.Leonards,G.
A.,
andAltschaeffl,
A.
G(1964)."CompressibilityofClay,"
JournalSoilMechanicsandFoundationsDivision,
ASCE,Vol.90,No.SM5,133-156.Leroueil,S.(1988)."TenthCanadianGeotechnicalColloquium:RecentinConsolidationofNaturalClays,"
CanadianGeotechnical
Journal,
Vol.25,85-107.Rendon-Herrero,
O.
(1980)."UniversalCompressionIndexEquation,"
JournalGeotechnicalEngineeringDivision,
ASCE,Vol.106,No.GT11,1179-1200.Robinson,
R.
G,
andAllam,M.M.(1996)."J)etenninationofCoefficientofCOnS()ilClaIlllr(fromEarlyStageoflogtPlot,"
GeotechnicalTestingJournal,
ASTM,Vol.19,316-320.La
resistenciacortante
deunamasadesueloeslaresistenciainternaporareaunitariaquelamasadesuel~ofrec~par~resistirlafallayeldeslizamientoa
10
largodecualquierplanodentrodeel.Losmgemerosdebenentenderlanaturalezadelaresistenciacortantepara~~alizarlosproblemasdelaestabilidaddelsuelo,talescomocapacidaddecarga,estabilidaddetaludesylapresionlateralsobreestructurasderetenciondetierras.
CriteriosdefalladeMohr-Coulomb
Mohr(1900)
presentounateorfa
sobrelarupturadelosmateriales.Esta
teorfaafirma
queunmaterialfalladebidoaunacombinacioncriticadeesfuerzonormalyesfuerzocortante,y
110
soloporlapresenciadeunesfuerzomaximonormal
0
biendeunesfuer-zomaximocortante.Asfentonces,larelacionfuncionalentreunesfuerzonormalyunesfuerzocortantesobreunplanodefalla'seexpresaenlaforma(figura7.1a)(7.1)donde
Tf
=esfuerzocortantesobreelplanodefalla
(J
=esfuerzonormalsobreelplanodefallaLaenvolventedefalladefinidaporla
ecuacion
(7.1)esunalineacurva,comomuestralafigura7.1b.Paralamayorfadelosproblemasdemecanicadesuelosessufi-cienteaproximarelesfuerzocortantesobreelplanodefallacomounafuncionlinealdelesfuerzonormal(Coulomb,1776).Estarelacionseescribecomo(7.2)dondec
=
cohesion
¢
=
angulodefriccioninternaLaecuacionprecedentesellama
criteriodefalladeMohr-CtFulomb.
207
 
206
6
Consolidaci6n
6.26UnestratodearciIlade4mdeespesorestadrenadaarribayabajo.terfsticasson
Cpr
=
C
p
(paradrenajevertical)=0.0039m2/dfa,
r
lv
=2002m.Estimeelgradodeconsolidaci6ndelestratodearcillacausada
poi
binaci6ndedrenajeverticalyradialen
t
=0.2,0.4,0.8
Y
unafio.Barron,
R.
A.(1948)."ConsolidationofFine-GrainedSoilsbyDrain
Transactions,AmericanSocietyofCivilEngineer.!>~
ol.113,718-754.Casagrande,A.(1936)."DeterminationofthePreconsolidationLoadandItsSignificance,"
Proceedings,
1stInternationalConferenceonSoilFoundationEngineering,Cambridge,MA,Vol.3,60-64.Casagrande,A.,andFadum,
R.
E.(1940)."NotesonSoilTestingforPurposes,"HarvardUniversityGraduateSchoolEngineeringPublicationJohnson,S.
1.
(1970)."PrecompressionforImprovingFoundationSoil,"
JournalSoilMechanicsandFoundationsDivision,
AmericanSocietyofCivilVol.96,No.SM1,114-144.Mesri,G.(1973)."CoefficientofSecondaryCompression,"
JournaloftheSoilandFoundationsDiVision,
ASCE,Vol.99,No.SM1,122-137.Nagaraj,T.,andMurty,B.
R.
S.(1985)."PredictionofthePreconsolidationRecompressionIndexofSoils,"
GeotechnicalTestingJournal,
ASTM,Vol.8,199-202.Rendon-Herrero,O.(1983)."UniversalCompressionIndexEquation,"
JournalofGeotechnicalEngineering,
ASCE,Vol.109,No.10,1349.Schmertmann,
1.
H.
(1953)."UndisturbedConsolidationBehaviorofClay,"ASCE,Vol.120,1201.Taylor,D.W(1942)."ResearchonConsolidationofClays,"
SerialNo.
82,DepartmentofandSanitaryEngineering,MassachusettsInstituteofTechnology,Camblidge,Terzaghi,
K.
(1925).
ErdbaumechanikaufBodenphysikalischerGrundlage,
Deuticke,Terzaghi,
K.,
andPeck,
R.
B.(1967).
SoilMechanicsinEngineeringPractice,
2ndWiley,NewYork.
Referenciassuplementariasparaestudioadicional
Legget,
R.
F.,
andPeckover,
F.
L.
(1973)."FoundationPerformanceofa100-YeBridge,"
CanadianGeotechnicalJournal,
Vol.10,No.3,504-519.Leonards,G.A.,andAItschaeffI,A.G.(1964)."CompressibilityofClay,"
JournalofSoilMechanicsandFoundationsDivision,
ASCE,Vol.90,No.SM5,133-156.Leroueil,S.(1988)."TenthCanadianGeotechnicalColloquium:RecentDe""'lr'''''''''ninConsolidationofNaturalClays,"
Canadian·GeotechnicalJournal,
Vol.25,No.85-107.Rendon-Herrero,O.(1980)."UniversalCompressionIndexEquation,"
JournalofGeotechnicalEngineeringDivision,
ASCE,Vol.106,No.GTll,1179-1200.Robinson,
R.
G.,andAllam,M.M.(1996)."DeterminationofCoefficientof
VVH"JHC-<H,V
fromEarlyStageoflogtPlot,"
GeotechnicalTestingJournal,
ASTM,Vol.19,No.316-320.
10
eslaresistenciainternaporareaunitariaqueLa
resistenciacOl·tan~e
deun~n~as.a~~sU~allaeeldeslizamientoa
10
lm:god~cualquierlamasadesueloofrecepararesistnla.
Yl
.Ianaturalezadelaresistenciacortante
'I
L''erosdebenentencel,planodentrodee.osmgerubiliddd1suelotalescomocapacidaddecarga,.1.blemasdeIaesta
11
ae,
c,
paraanalizaros
PIO
c.,
1.lsobrestructurasderetenciondetierras,estabilidaddetaludesylaprestonaterasore
CriteriosdefaJladeMohr-Coulomb
,1u
tura
delosmateriales,EstateonaafirmaMohr(1900)present6unateonasobre:.rp.,criticadeesfuerzonormalyesfuerzoqueunmaterialfalIadebidoau~acom1l1afuCIO~1aximonormal
0
biendeunesfuer-
'I1
presenciadeuneserzoIcortante,ynoso
0
por~
1
laci6nfuncionalentreunesfuerzonormayunzomaximocortante.ASIentolnces
d
a/~laseexpresaenlaforma(figura7.1a)esfuerzocortantesobreunpanoea
Tf=
f((5)
donde
T
=
esfuerzocortantesobreelplanodefalIa
j
=
esfuerzonormalsobreelplanodefalIa
..r
laecuaci6n(7.1)esunalineacurva,com?LaenvolventedefalIadefllll~~~o
1.
blemasdemecanicadesuelos,esSUfI-muestralafigura7.1b.Paralamayonabe.o~p~odefalIacomounafunci6nlinealdel.roximarelesfuerzocortanteso
1
eepano.cienteap(C1b1776)Estarelacionseescnbecomosfuerzonormalouom,.(7.1)(7.2)dondec
=
cohesi6n.
¢
=
angulodefricci6nintemaLaecuaci6nprecedentesellama
criteriadefallade'Mohr-Coulomb.
207

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